During 2020-2022, IOM Pakistan will focus on providing assistance to natural disaster and conflict displaced persons and communities living in Pakistan. In particular, IOM will strengthen and expand its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and Flow Monitoring activities with the aim to provide more complete data. Furthermore, IOM will respond to crises when assistance is requested by the Government while continuing to strengthen preparedness for large-scale natural disasters.
Internally displaced, vulnerable, disaster and crisis-affected populations.
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Flow Monitoring Activities:
IOM will continue operations at two DTM Flow Monitoring points in Torkham and Chaman, Pakistan. Teams deployed at border crossings will be responsible for collecting information at both border points to identify cross-border mobility patterns and profiles of mobile populations. In addition, teams will capture information on return intentions, expectations and perceptions of individuals returning to Afghanistan.
Establishment of transit centres to provide pre-departure humanitarian assistance:
IOM will provide pre-departure humanitarian assistance for returning undocumented Afghans and Afghan Citizen Card holders at the Pakistan border crossing points with Afghanistan (Torkham and Chaman) through IOM-managed and built transit centres (TCs). Specific activities will include:
- Transportation from the border (Zero Point) to the IOM transit centre in Afghanistan;
- Provision of meals and overnight accommodation (until departure to final destinations) at the TC;
- In coordination with WHO, provide basic primary health care services at TCs, medical screenings and provision of essential medicines provided by WHO, as well as polio and measles vaccinations for children under 10 years of age;
- Repatriation grants for returnees (indicative cash grant, at a rate of USD 100 per family);
- Cash for transportation based on final destination (maximum USD 50) per family.
Implementation of the DTM across Pakistan, to effectively collect accurate data on internal displacements. Specific activities will include:
- Develop DTM methodology and tools to track mobile populations;
- Design DTM products including internally displaced persons (IDP) and returnee master lists, location assessments, returnee assessments and related tools to track human mobility;
- Deploy DTM staff to conduct field assessments, collect information on IDP populations identified through the master list, and provide a more in-depth view of displacement, including reasons of displacement, intentions of IDPs, security and safety perceptions, sector-specific needs and problems, and sex and age disaggregated data (SAAD);
- Develop reports, maps and dashboards highlighting DTM datasets;
- Disseminate DTM maps, data sets, and reports to operational partners including government and humanitarian counterparts.
Enhance the resilience of the most vulnerable communities to natural disasters, through emergency response interventions. Key activities will include:
- Timely, lifesaving and needs-based response (focused on Shelter, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Food Security and Livelihoods) provided in coordination with relevant stakeholders in the immediate aftermath of a disaster;
- Multi-sector Initial Rapid Assessment (disaster needs assessments) for emergency response interventions (Shelter, WASH, and Livelihoods).
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
Displaced individuals and host community members.
Strengthening social cohesion and integration of displaced individuals amongst host communities:
IOM will implement 3-month training sessions for at least 1,000 individuals, including displaced persons and host community members, to ensure income generation and employment opportunities for both, therefore fostering access to sustainable livelihoods. Potential courses will provide training on tailoring, embroidery, mobile-repair, electrical work and plumbing.
Government counterparts, humanitarian actors, and communities in disaster-prone areas.
IOM aims to enhance the resilience of the most vulnerable communities to natural disasters through emergency preparedness and recovery interventions. Key activities will include:
- Prepositioning of stocks for immediate response to any natural disaster situation in line with scope and needs on the ground;
- Capacity building trainings to government and non-government organizations;
- Research and pilot projects;
- Multi-sectoral disaster needs assessments and recovery support (Shelter, WASH and Livelihoods).
Figures are as of 31 December 2019. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.