In close cooperation with the Papua New Guinea (PNG) government and other key stakeholders at the national, provincial and local levels, IOM aims to strengthen the response to complex emergencies, reduce disaster and conflict-induced displacement and build community resilience. Through community-based planning interventions and community stabilization initiatives, IOM is strengthening capacity in disaster risk reduction, early warning and preparedness, and promoting peacebuilding.
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
IOM will work with communities to address underlying drivers of conflict through Training on Transformation and promoting new, innovative pathways to peace through Community Peace for Development Plans. Particular emphasis will be placed on working directly with women and youth in rural and remote displaced communities in PNG, where both groups have become marginalized within communities that experience displacement, low socio-economic development, and a range of human rights abuses as a result of frequent tribal conflicts.
Drawing upon its experience supporting community-led conflict mitigation approaches within tribal contexts in PNG, IOM will work with communities to address underlying drivers of conflict and to strengthen community capacity to promote peaceful resolutions and respond to threats that might lead to relapse into conflict or violence including. Activities will include:
Developing community peace for development plans (CPDP).
Delivering training for inclusive community facilitation teams on peacebuilding and development planning.
Establishing and supporting diverse Community Facilitation Teams for leadership in development and peace initiative.
Developing referral pathways for protection and access to justice to support the Do No Harm principle in coordination with the Protection Cluster lead, UNFPA, and GBV sub-cluster lead, UNWomen.
In partnership with provincial and district authorities and integrating closely with UN joint programming initiatives and the UN co-chaired Disaster Management Team, IOM will continue to work directly with displaced and disaster-affected communities to develop Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) Plans and support the implementation of identified disaster risk mitigation measures. COVID-19 RCCE will be mainstreamed into all community engagement activities. Target beneficiaries will include displaced or at-risk communities and community leaders, promoting equal access for vulnerable groups, including women and youth, as well as the National Disaster Center (NDC), Provincial Disaster Centers (PDCs), local level governments (LLGs) and other government stakeholders whose capacity will be strengthened to monitor, prevent, prepare for, communicate and respond to new and protracted displacement.
IOM PNG’s disaster risk reduction (DRR) programming works in crisis and post-crisis environments to prevent or reduce displacement associated with disaster and climate risk and strengthen resilience by incorporating “build-back-better” measures in recovery and reconstruction. Risk Communication and Community Engagement (RCCE) around the COVID-19 pandemic are also integrated into prevention strategies. Fully integrating and promoting the participation of women, women leaders and youth, specific activity areas include:
Facilitate Training of Trainers (TOT) on Community-based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) planning and Build Back Safer (BBS) for central and provincial level government authorities and community leaders.
Conduct community-based training, planning sessions and experiential learning on Disaster Risk Management, BBS and Climate Change Adaptation.
Support to implement community projects to realize mitigation measures identified in CBDRM Planning (which is co-funded by sub-national governments).
IOM’s preparedness activities aim to build the capacities and improve the ability of IOM and key stakeholders (e.g. governments, professional response organizations, communities, and individuals) to anticipate and effectively respond to the impact of likely, imminent or current hazards, events or conditions. IOM PNG will build upon years of experience working with national, provincial and local authorities, communities, and partners (UN/NGOs) to strengthen emergency preparedness through the following activities:
Restore, rehabilitate, strengthen and equip evacuation centres according to safety standards in line with national and local Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) strategies.
IOM’s WASH interventions aim to provide services that are scalable and resilient, using context-appropriate technologies and ensuring capacity building and local ownership for their sustained management. IOM integrates risk mitigation strategies in the design of WASH infrastructure and services particularly to ensure sustainable and secure access to water, including reducing the potential for GBV, by avoiding negative impacts in resources (e.g. overexploitation, pollution), as well as establishing measures to prevent health hazards that are resistant to shocks to infrastructure and systems for the management of solid and liquid waste. Activities will include:
Rehabilitate or install new gender-sensitive public clean and safe water sources and supply systems such as boreholes, gravity-fed irrigation or rainwater catchments at schools, health centres and community centres for drinking, washing and gardening.
Establish and train water point committees and pump minders for operational management and sustainability of water resources.
Training of trainers in Participatory Health and Hygiene Education (PHHE).
IOM will continue building the capacity of the government and partners in displacement tracking and collection of sex and age disaggregated data through training in the use of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). Data collected through DTM will provide for evidence-based migration and displacement management. This will facilitate humanitarian access in the affected areas during times of crises. Information gathered will provide useful information to the government, local authorities and implementing partners to better understand gaps and multi-sectoral needs including protection, displacement patterns and monitoring to both better inform the appropriately targeted delivery of aid to those in displacement sites and achieving durable solutions and return planning.
Through the use of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), IOM has been supporting the government, cluster response, development and other stakeholders through gathering and analysing data to disseminate critical multi-layered information on the mobility, vulnerability, and needs of displaced and mobile populations in PNG. Such information has been critical in responding to numerous displacement situations. A critical planning tool, IOM will expand use of the DTM through implementing the following activities:
- Roll out DTM training to partners (local level government, PNG Red Cross Society, etc.).
- Conduct data collection and reporting on cases of new displacements to identify persons in need, multi-sectoral needs and assess vulnerability levels of the populations affected by displacement; and to inform and facilitate return when feasible and appropriate.
- Create records on incidents of internal displacement owing to natural hazards, conflict, etc., ensuring cases are factually reported.
- Administer Pre-Post Assistance Monitoring and other visits to inform, observe and monitor humanitarian response activities that may include CCCM, distribution of NFI’s, WASH, food, relocation, return and other activities in target provinces.
- Generate information/ knowledge products on displacement and return trends.
Papua New Guinea
Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.