South Pacific Islands Crisis Response Plan 2020 - 2022

South Pacific Islands Crisis Response Plan 2020 - 2022

Regional Plan
Last updated: December 06 2021
$4,325,000
Funding required
39,400
People Targeted

IOM Vision

The South Pacific Islands Crisis Response Plan 2020 - 2022 indicates the total funding requirements for IOM’s programming across the humanitarian, development and peace spectrum for the Republic of Fiji, the Solomon Islands, the Kingdom of Tonga, and Vanuatu. In partnership with the governments of Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu, IOM will comprehensively address vulnerabilities and drivers of displacement before, during and after crises by:

  • Supporting national and local authorities to effectively prevent, respond to and manage displacement situations;
  • Enhancing resilience in at-risk communities to prepare for climate change and disaster-related human mobility;
  • Providing comprehensive, targeted and life-saving humanitarian assistance to affected populations in times of disaster and ensure the continuation of essential services;
  • Supporting progress towards the achievement of durable solutions for communities displaced by disasters and the long-term impacts of climate change

This approach recognizes that meeting immediate needs during crises and addressing the systemic causes of vulnerability contributes to reducing the impact of recurrent stresses and is essential for sustainable development. The strategic goals outlined in the plan will be achieved by implementing programmes in-line with IOM’s global principles and objectives.


Objective
Save lives and respond to needs through humanitarian assistance and protection

$1,175,000
Funding required
7,000
People Targeted
12
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Given the frequency of disasters caused by natural hazards in the Pacific region, IOM anticipates to:

  • Provide non-food items (NFIs), shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)support to internally displaced persons and disaster-affected communities in a safe and ethical manner;
  • Provide mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS)-services for members of displaced communities;
  • Implement camp coordination and camp management (CCCM) to support temporary assistance and protection activities to displaced persons and communities;
  • Support the National Disaster Management Offices (NDMOs) in Fiji, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, the National Emergency Management Office (NEMO) in Tonga, the Tonga Emergency Shelter & Non-Food Item Cluster and humanitarian organizations.

 

Funding confirmed 28%
72% Funding gap

Shelter, settlements and non-food items

In partnership with national NGOs, and in collaboration with NDMOs, the NEMO and regional /national shelter cluster, IOM will address the shelter needs of internally displaced persons and disaster-affected communities, through:

  • Conducting comprehensive needs assessments, with special consideration to persons with special needs and other vulnerable groups;
  • Prepositioning and distribution of non-food items (NFIs) and emergency shelter materials procured locally within the region, which can include claw hammers, hand saws, nails, pad bolts and solar lights, which can be used by households to fortify their residences.
Funding required
$400,000
Plan types

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in emergencies

In partnership with national health-nutrition and WASH (HNWASH) clusters, and in collaboration with NDMOs and the NEMO, IOM will support addressing the HNWASH needs of internally displaced persons and disaster-affected communities, through;

  • Conducting comprehensive needs assessments, with special consideration to persons with special needs and other vulnerable groups;
  • Consulting communities and subsequent distribution of required water, sanitation, and hygiene materials to be procured locally within the region, such as water transported via gravity fed or pumped pipes or water trucking, water storage containers, specific technology for safe disposal of wastewater depending on characterisation of wastewater;
  • Capacity building of HNWASH clusters, NDMOs, NEMO and local communities to utilize water, sanitation, and hygiene materials including awareness raising campaigns and hygiene sensitization.
Funding required
$200,000
Plan types

Camp coordination and camp management

In partnership with the national logistics and coordination cluster, and in collaboration with NDMOs, and the NEMO, IOM will support addressing the needs of internally displaced persons and disaster-affected communities, where possible utilizing traditional knowledge and culture, through;

  • Supporting national disaster management (and other) agencies in formulating national evacuation management policies, standard operating procedures, standards for evacuation centres; ensuring that the needs of vulnerable groups are considered during preparedness and emergency response; strengthening of cluster system;
  • Providing capacity building to governments and NGO partners on the development of national cluster systems and implementation of an exit strategy for evacuation centres, return and reintegration of IDPs, and recovery planning for the displaced communities.
Funding required
$500,000
Funding confirmed
$340,107
Last updated: 09 Sep 2022
Plan types
68%
Funding confirmed
32%
Funding gap

Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian response

In partnership with NGOs, local CSOs, NDMOs and NEMO, IOM will provide mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) activities to communities displaced by disasters and the long-term impacts of climate change, through;

  • Community-based and interdisciplinary Psychosocial Mobile Teams (PMTs) facilitating sociorelational activities, such as sport and play, art-based and creative activities or cultural activities and rituals;
  • Establishment of temporary Psychosocial Support hubs in displaced communities to host activities organized by the PMTs and as contact point for community members;
  • The training of service providers in Psychological First Aid (PFA);
  • Provision of individual and group counselling to displaced communities and the establishment of support groups;
  • Setup of a referral system to MHPSS-services (such as for GBV survivors).
Funding required
$75,000
Plan types
IOM supporting at the Ponga Church evacuation centre in Vanuatu (Photo Credit: IOM / Joe Lowry 2015)
IOM supporting at the Ponga Church evacuation centre in Vanuatu (Photo Credit: IOM / Joe Lowry 2015)

Objective
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention

$450,000
Funding required
20,000
People Targeted
16
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Climate change projections, even those within 1.5 degrees of global warming, suggest that PICs are facing several critical security threats that are likely to intensify the drivers of migration, displacement and planned relocation of Pacific islanders and communities. Tonga and Vanuatu are two countries with the highest relative average annual disaster displacement worldwide. IOM anticipates to:

  • Protect vulnerable communities that have been impacted by displacement due to climate change impacts and disasters through durable solutions and essential services; such as coastal communities, low lying areas and flood prone areas and so on. This will include households with disabilities, older persons, female headed households and other vulnerable women, large families with a minimum of eight household members, and single parents;
  • Support entities includes the key ministries and agencies within the Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu governments, and civil society.

 

Conflict related to access to land rights, socio-economic development and political dissent continues to occur across the Pacific. IOM anticipates to:

  • Support communities to manage local conflict, reduce violence and strengthen social cohesion
  • Protect migrants and displaced persons that are vulnerable to conflict with conflict-sensitive attention to complex social dynamics attentive to gender, youth, human rights and protection considerations
Funding confirmed 10%
90% Funding gap

Durable solutions

IOM will collaborate with national and local authorities to develop and support progress towards the achievement of durable solutions for communities displaced by disasters and the long-term impacts of climate change. This will include people who remain displaced in Vanuatu as a result of the Ambae eruption. In Tonga, this will include the implementation of the strategic roadmap for emergency management. Through utilizing a rights-based, participatory, and inclusive approach, adhering to the pillars of IOM's Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations (PRDS) framework, IOM will achieve this by:

  • Providing participatory settlement planning for temporary or longer-term shelter/housing and safe and dignified transportation to support voluntary return or relocation/resettlement
  • Strengthening gender-based violence (GBV) prevention through awareness-raising and protection interventions
  • Supporting community-based micro-credit schemes for traders and business start-up grants/packages, such as initial seed money or income-generating assets, to resume or create small business
  • Supporting community-government meetings with broad participation aimed at resolving common issues of concern
Funding required
$200,000
Funding confirmed
$47,834
Last updated: 09 Sep 2022
Plan types
23%
Funding confirmed
77%
Funding gap

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in transitional and post-crisis situations

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is essential to well-being of displaced persons. IOM will support by:

  • Providing sustainable access to water and sanitation services to internally displacement persons through the support of improved water and sanitation infrastructure;
  • Strengthening management mechanisms at NDMO and NEMO that enable beneficiary communities to respond to their needs and endure future shocks ;
  • Providing awareness raising and health advise to promote behavioural change seeking hygiene.
Funding required
$50,000
Plan types

Peacebuilding and peace preservation

Drawing upon its experience supporting community-led conflict mitigation approaches within different conflict situations, IOM will work with communities to address underlying drivers of conflict and to strengthen community capacity to promote peaceful resolutions and respond to threats that might lead to relapse into conflict or violence including. Activities will include:

  • Developing community peace for development plans (CPDP).
  • Delivering training for inclusive community facilitation teams on peacebuilding and development planning.
  • Establishing and supporting diverse Community Facilitation Teams for leadership in development and peace initiative.
  • Developing referral pathways for protection and access to justice to support the Do No Harm principle
Funding required
$200,000
Plan types

Objective
Strengthen preparedness and reduce disaster risk

$2,000,000
Funding required
12,000
People Targeted
12
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

In PICs, there is already ample evidence to indicate that cautious planning and adequate preparation is required to avoid the worst impacts of unplanned movement as a result of climate change effects and disasters caused by hazards. IOM anticipates to:

  • Support most vulnerable community members to have improved access to adequate standard of living, including food, water, housing, health services and education, sustainable livelihoods and employment and the respective National Disaster Management Offices (NDMOs) and National Emergency Management Office (NEMO);
  • Strengthen capacity of national and local government authorities and relevant ministries, non-governmental organizations (NGO) staff and volunteers, civil society, and community members to support preparedness and reduction of disaster risk.

 

Funding confirmed 3%
97% Funding gap

Emergency preparedness

IOM, in partnership with the NDMOs, will support evacuation management by:

  • Constructing multipurpose evacuation centres where gaps in emergency shelter are identified in high-risk and remote communities;
  • Ensuring that identified protection risks in evacuation centres are addressed and referral systems for child protection and GBV are put in place;
  • Retrofitting and upgrading community buildings to meet minimum standards of criteria for evacuation management;
  • Ensuring that local vendors for NFIs and shelter materials have been identified and mapped.

In addition, through the regional Evacuation Centre Management and Displacement (ECMD) cluster under the humanitarian architecture of the PHT, IOM will support emergency preparedness by governments and cluster partners in the region by:

  • Providing technical advice and support of information management;
  • Strengthening localization and national capacities through organizing and providing displacement and evacuation management for partners (including government counterparts, NGOs community groups) to improve the overall understanding as well as capacity to carry out displacement/evacuation coordination, management, and administration activities. Displacement/evacuation training will aim to build the technical knowledge and capacities of displacement/evacuation practitioners to contribute to an effective settlement response and raise standards in the sector;
  • Ensuring first responders are trained on how to prevent and respond to a disclosure of GBV incidents in a safe and ethical manner and ensuring accountability to affected populations (AAP).
Funding required
$1,200,000
Funding confirmed
$67,732
Last updated: 09 Sep 2022
Plan types
5%
Funding confirmed
95%
Funding gap

Disaster prevention

Community-based disaster risk management (CBDRM) planning provides a holistic approach, encompassing the whole cycle of disaster risk management, in consultation with vulnerable groups within target communities. IOM plans to build the functional CBDRM capacity of government partners and target communities through:

  • Mapping and assessing high-displacement risks areas;
  • Improving the capacity of targeted disaster-prone communities in applying Disaster Risk Management strategies;
  • Ensuring vulnerable communities in disaster-prone areas have better-quality information about potential hazards.
Funding required
$600,000
Plan types

Health components of preparedness and risk reduction

Ensuring communities are equipped with skills to manage evacuations in a safe, orderly, and coordinated manner is key to reducing health-related impacts of displacement. IOM plans to carry out the following activities:

  • Developing and updating key guidance documents, protocols and population mapping concerning the preparation, management and coordination of evacuation centres and displacement sites in respect to COVID-19, alongside awareness raising activities;
  • Upgrading critical evacuation centres and other sites of displacement to improve site safety and hygiene. This will include the development of tools and guidance for site planning, including for contingency spaces, and quarantine areas;
  • Prioritizing the engagement with internally displaced persons and host communities in assessing risks, monitoring, and reporting mechanisms, planning, and implementing mitigation measures; including capacity-building of leaders and set-up of new volunteer networks to facilitate hygiene sensitization and awareness raising activities.
Funding required
$200,000
Plan types

Objective
Contribute to an Evidence Based and Efficient Crisis Response System

$700,000
Funding required
400
People Targeted
20
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Climate change and disaster related programmes and policies need to be underpinned by data, evidence, and research – applying mixed-methods and participatory methodologies.  Ensuring that national ownership of data and research is in place, that collection and management of evidence is robust and well-integrated in the region, and that analysis and utilisation capabilities are adequate, is critical to ensuring the preparation of PICs is informed and effective. IOM anticipates to:

  • Support direct beneficiaries from Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu to will receive displacement tracking matrix training (including cluster representatives in Tonga that will train as trainers);
  • Improve capacity of relevant government ministries in Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, research organizations and regional bodies to collect sex and age data and evidence relevant to climate change and disasters.
Funding confirmed 45%
55% Funding gap

Displacement tracking

IOM plans to build capacity of NDMOs, NEMO, and national NGO counterparts on data collection, data analysis and data management, including through training on use of IOM’s DTM to support data-driven crisis response interventions, such as:

  • Providing support for nationally owned displacement tracking mechanisms and climate mobility monitoring, to address emergency displacement and long-term mobility challenges relating to climate change;
  • Building the evidence base and guiding support through increasing understanding of climate mobility trends and projections through research: distinguishing types of mobility in the region, impacts linked to losses and damages, generating statistics.

 

Funding required
$600,000
Funding confirmed
$316,934
Last updated: 09 Sep 2022
Plan types
52%
Funding confirmed
48%
Funding gap

Support services for response actors

IOM will provide support to NDMOs, NEMO, and national NGO counterparts and first responders and humanitarian partners as required, including by:

  • Supporting engagement and preparedness of emergency operation centres;
  • Ensuring the set up of referral pathways for protection services, including child protection and GBV;
  • Renewing emergency communication systems;
  • Reviewing of standard operating procedures.
Funding required
$100,000
Plan types
Operational presence in

Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Tonga

 

Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.

With thanks to our current donors