"A stable Tajikistan, resilient against internal and external threats and risks"
Supporting the Government of Tajikistan to mitigate impacts from disaffected returning migrants through effective reintegration, addressing complex and multifaceted border management challenges, and building the capacity of government and civil society actors to respond to mass displacement and disaster.
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
Target beneficiaries include returning migrants who face a range of socio-economic and health issues, as well as the staff of the Ministries of Labour, Migration and Employment and Health and Social Protection who are responsible for addressing related needs.
As part of addressing anger and the frustration, dissatisfaction, and possible effects of violence and abuse amongst migrants arising from their migration experience, IOM will continue Reintegration Planning Sessions (RPS) which provide a space for migrants to support to each other and address their concerns to the relevant officials. This support will generate positive outlets for participants to direct their frustrations and efforts, increasing social cohesion. The sessions will also provide an opportunity for the referral of migrants to primary healthcare services for mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS). In addition, IOM will work with local governance and health structures to build a network of community-based workers trained in psychological first aid.
Many migrants face significant issues upon return, including poverty, health and psycho-social health issues, often as a result of maltreatment and abuse. Hazardous living and working conditions, and as well as heightened risk behaviour, can expose migrants to communicable diseases, which often remain undetected and/or untreated in the country of destination due to diverse factors such as fear of deportation. In addition, return migrants and youth in target areas face joblessness and are vulnerable to involvement in crime such as drug trafficking, or in contributing to social unrest, and could become easy prey for opportunists and human traffickers. As part of addressing anger, frustration, dissatisfaction, and the possible effects of violence and abuse amongst migrants arising from their experiences during migration, IOM will carry out the following activities:
- Reintegration planning and support for returned migrant workers. Building on a successful initial rollout of reintegration planning sessions through the Ministry of Labour, Population and Employment, IOM will focus on engaging youth at risk of crime or involvement in community conflict and returned migrant workers in planning for the future and engaging constructively with society. Direct assistance will be provided to vulnerable persons for recognition of skills, skills training and business development and health issues. This will include referrals for treatment of injuries suffered during migration and communicable diseases. Particular attention will be given to assessing and addressing challenges faced by returned migrant workers with disabilities arising from injuries suffered during migration.
- Capacity building of local authorities, including migration services and local government, to extend basic services and support to returning migrant workers.
- The identification and facilitation of community projects to build community cohesion and engage at-risk youth and migrant workers in joint government-community activities.
- The establishment and development of migration sub-groups at the village level to build diaspora engagement and community connection between migrant worker networks and home villages.
IOM will work with other development partners to strengthen the primary health system to address mental health and psychosocial support needs amongst migrant works and vulnerable populations in target areas. In particular, IOM will:
- Strengthening of referral pathways for migrants to access the primary healthcare system, including improved coordination between migration and health services and efforts to reduce barriers to migrant worker access;
- Comprehensive assessment of MHPSS needs and mapping of existing MHPSS services that need to be added;
- Capacity building of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection staff and primary health care staff on MHPSS, identification and referral of migrants suffering from mental health issues and training on MHPSS assessment tools.
All activities will be in line with IOM standards and the IOM Manual on Community-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies and Displacement.
Staff from the Committee on Emergency Situations (COES) and civil society stakeholders working in disaster response.
IOM plans to carry out the following activities:
- Strengthening of camp coordination and camp management (CCCM) capacity amongst stakeholders through a CCCM awareness forum for disaster response stakeholders, trainings, support for simulation exercises under UNHCR and REACT, and a study tour to existing CCCM implementations for COES staff. This will include awareness sessions on the Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF), IOM’s framework for holistically addressing mobility-related aspects of crises.
- Integration of prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA) and accountability to affected populations (AAP) into existing preparedness plans.
- Building capacity in humanitarian communications, including establishing a working group, development of basic messaging library, pre-crisis mapping and perception survey, and training for media on reporting in disaster situations.
- Training COES and development partners on the "Planning Mass Evacuation in Natural Disasters" (MEND). This knowledge will feed into the development of standard operating procedures (SOP) on relocation or movement of affected persons useful in both natural disasters and conflict scenarios.
- Mainstreaming mental health and psychosocial support into CCCM and general response planning.
Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.