Myanmar Crisis Response Plan 2022 - Myanmar and Thailand

Regional Plan
Last updated: January 21 2022
$25,100,000
Funding required
202,000
People Targeted

IOM Vision

Throughout 2021, Myanmar has seen surges of civil unrest, disruptions of essential services and widespread internal displacement as well as complex cross-border movements. IOM, in coordination with humanitarian and development partners, seeks to upscale and strengthen provision of essential and life-saving multi-sectoral assistance to affected populations, while building local capacities for response and recovery. Recognizing the complex mobility dynamics and cross-border implications of the crisis, IOM country offices in Myanmar and Thailand will continue to monitor mobility dynamics related to the crisis, and coordinate to ensure that preparedness actions and targeted response capacities are in place and strengthened.


Objective
Save lives and respond to needs through humanitarian assistance and protection

$15,350,000
Funding required
164,000
People Targeted
17
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

People directly targeted under this objective will include internally displaced persons and returnees in Myanmar, including internal migrants displaced from and returning to urban areas; returning international migrants at borders, including returnees in vulnerable situations (e.g. victims of human trafficking, smuggling, exploitation or abuse; survivors of gender-based violence; stranded migrants); and host communities and migrant sending/receiving households impacted by the crisis in areas of displacement and high mobility. IOM will also upscale partnerships with a range of non-governmental actors, including CSOs and community-based actors, and will provide training/technical assistance as well as material support to strengthen local response capacities.

In addition, IOM will target people on the move in situations of vulnerability in Thailand, in particular Myanmar nationals, many of whom may fall outside legal protection categories but are nonetheless in need of specific human rights protection interventions. With the  range of people on the move, in need of special protection and assistance, being very broad in this context, IOM Thailand will focus on providing support to trafficked persons, exploited migrants, irregular migrants, separated or unaccompanied migrant children, stranded migrants, and migrants of other nationalities caught in the Myanmar crisis.

Funding confirmed 2%
98% Funding gap

Basic needs, including food

Myanmar: IOM will assist vulnerable populations with one-time or short-term emergency assistance in the form of multipurpose cash grants and essential items to help meet basic needs and offset lost income and remittances due to the impacts of the crisis. This activity will target internal migrants, migrant returnees (internal and international), displaced persons and migrant-sending/receiving households. Assistance will be delivered in partnership with local CSOs and in coordination with relevant working groups at national and sub-national levels. Activities will include: 

  • Provision of unconditional, multipurpose cash grants to support vulnerable populations in areas of displacement and high mobility to meet immediate/basic household needs;
  • Strengthening of CSO capacities for assessment, targeting and delivery of humanitarian assistance through cash, voucher and in-kind modalities;
  • Provision of essential food and NFIs, including emergency shelter items, to support households and individuals in communities, displacement sites and quarantine facilities and areas where delivery of assistance through cash or vouchers is not possible, based on local-level assessments.

Thailand: IOM will provide support to vulnerable Myanmar nationals in Thailand through:

  • Provision of food and essential NFIs to migrants at points of entry (POEs), immigration detention centres, shelters for children and families, welfare protection centres for victims of trafficking and other facilities.
Funding required
$4,950,000
Plan types

Direct health support

Myanmar: IOM will provide direct health support, and also facilitate medical referrals where possible, whilst scaling up and adapting ongoing health programmes to address gaps in capacities and interruption of regular health services, in partnership with a range of non-government health actors. In addition, IOM will continue to support the COVID-19 response, prioritizing mobile populations and communities in areas of high mobility for support due to heightened risks and limited availability of health services. Activities will include:

  • Scaling-up community-based TB awareness raising, active case-finding, and care and support, as well as prevention, testing and treatment for HIV. This includes supplementary feeding for HIV-TB patients to improve treatment outcomes and reduce morbidity and mortality;
  • Implementing community-based malaria prevention, awareness, testing, treatment and surveillance, with a particular focus on engaging private worksites in malaria response, elimination, and expansion of services;
  • Expanding access to integrated primary healthcare services, including essential maternal and child health services, life-saving referrals, and comprehensive, rights-based gender and health services and referral pathways, particularly for women, girls and youth in conflict-affected areas;
  • Providing critical medicines, medical supplies, personal protective equipment and other infection prevention and control items to CSO staff, and volunteers in health facilities, particularly in locations with existing and evolving humanitarian needs; 
  • Building the capacity of local CSO partners, NGOs, volunteers and Myanmar Red Cross Society staff on infection prevention and control, and procedures for referral to designated hospitals/facilities;
  • Implementing risk communication and community engagement (RCCE) activities to disseminate health messaging, and promote awareness of COVID-19 risks and prevention, strengthening community-based risk communication and health response capacities through provision of technical and material assistance, increasing awareness raising through announcement of COVID-19 key messages to whole communities;
  • Supporting diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 through COVID-19 centers;
  • Training community health teams, volunteers and COVID-19 committees, on COVID-19 testing, contact tracing and home care case management, including distribution of antigen testing kits;
  • Supporting COVID-19 vaccination efforts, including trainings for local responders on vaccine delivery and waste disposal, vaccination campaigns and community-level advocacy, ensuring complementarity with WASH activities.

Thailand: IOM will provide support to vulnerable Myanmar nationals in Thailand through:

  • Providing personal protective equipment, antigen test kits, critical medicine and medical supplies and other infection prevention and control items to Myanmar nationals crossing the border, border authorities, POEs and other facilities hosting migrants and CSOs and NGOs responding to the needs of Myanmar nationals;
  • Implementing RCCE to promote health messaging, and enhance awareness of COVID-19 risks and prevention.
Funding required
$6,200,000
Plan types

Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian response

Myanmar: IOM’s activities under this component will strengthen mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) for affected populations, in close cooperation with local partners. Building on materials and local capacity developed for COVID-19 response activities in 2020-21, IOM will integrate MHPSS components across its humanitarian interventions, with a focus on supporting mobile populations, internally displaced persons and migrants in vulnerable situations. In particular, IOM will:

  • Support CSO partners to disseminate key mental health messages and MHPSS materials (posters, booklets, pamphlets, etc.) in community-managed quarantine facilities and border areas. Materials will target the specific needs of migrants, children, adolescents and frontline workers on coping and stress management to promote their psychosocial well-being and maintain their mental health, and to reduce distress;
  • Integrate MHPSS components into broader protection interventions implemented under the scope of this plan, through capacity building for IOM staff and partners on e.g., psychological first aid (PFA), basic MHPSS and stress management, as well as development and distribution of informational materials to complement direct assistance for migrants in vulnerable situations.
Funding required
$500,000
Plan types

Protection

Myanmar: IOM’s interventions will aim to ensure populations affected by the crisis have equitable and inclusive access to protection services, informed by context-specific vulnerability and needs assessments, and supported by accessible community engagement and feedback mechanisms. Activities will include:

  • Strengthening capacity of CSO partners to prevent, respond to and mitigate risks of trafficking, exploitation and abuse of crisis-affected individuals, including provision of protection services and strengthening of referral networks for cases of human trafficking and gender-based violence (GBV);
  • Developing guidance and tools, strategies and training materials on anti-trafficking, aiming to mainstream these within existing protection cluster initiatives; 
  • Enhancing capacities of CSO partners to provide individualized protection assistance, including case management, safe shelter and legal/paralegal aid; 
  • Providing direct assistance and facilitating safe referrals to protection services for crisis-affected individuals in vulnerable situations, including migrants stranded at borders and victims of trafficking (VoTs).

Thailand: IOM will provide support to vulnerable Myanmar nationals in Thailand through:

  • Reinforcing of referral pathways for VoTs and individuals subject to other forms of exploitation through capacity building of local government and CSO partners at the Thai-Myanmar border in order to strengthen victim identification and referral, and strengthening of information sharing and coordination between local government authorities, CSO partners and IOM on both sides of the border to promote sustainable reintegration of vulnerable individuals. 
Funding required
$1,700,000
Plan types

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in emergencies

Myanmar: IOM will assist migrants, communities and local organizations and volunteers working in border areas and quarantine facilities with WASH support to complement health response activities, with a focus on infection prevention and control related to public health risks, including COVID-19. Activities under this component will include:

  • Distribution of critical WASH supplies to migrants and displaced populations, in line with needs identified through local-level assessments (such as hygiene kits, menstrual hygiene management kits, jerry cans, water purification tablets, and so on);
  • Installation and refurbishment of hand washing facilities in border areas and quarantine facilities where local volunteers and CSO staff are deployed, as well as support to ensure sufficient water supply and refilling of consumables such as soap. Training of local volunteers/CSOs on the operation and maintenance of facilities to ensure sustainability;
  • Support to ensure availability of handwashing stations and promotion of good hygiene practices at community level in areas of high mobility, through engagement with local, gender-balanced hygiene promotors and in coordination with health response activities.
Funding required
$2,000,000
Plan types

Multi-sectoral support

Includes funding which supports multi-sectoral interventions or cannot be attributed to a specific activity area.
Funding confirmed
$409,272
Last updated: 04 Dec 2022
Plan types
IOM partner distributing COVID-19 prevention materials and food to migrants in a quarantine centre in Matupi, Chin State. © IOM 2021
IOM partner distributing COVID-19 prevention materials and food to migrants in a quarantine centre in Matupi, Chin State. © IOM 2021

Objective
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention

$4,500,000
Funding required
35,000
People Targeted
12
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

In Myanmar, activities under this objective will target internal and international migrants returning to communities of origin, aspirant migrants and returnees with plans to re-migrate, migrant-sending/receiving households, migrants in vulnerable situations and IDPs. IOM will implement activities in close collaboration with community-based actors, CSOs and private sector partners to encourage local ownership and sustainability.

Activities under this objective will also target Myanmar nationals in Thailand (new arrivals and those already in Thailand), in particular those crossing the border irregularly and those at increased risk of COVID-19 due to inadequate living and working conditions. Interventions under this objective will ensure that the appropriate preparedness measures are in place to address the mobility dimensions of the crisis including support to reduce COVID-19 risks through disease surveillance and referral.

Funding confirmed 53%
47% Funding gap

Community stabilization

Myanmar: IOM’s community stabilization programming seeks to address tensions and risks related to complex and protracted conflicts, displacement and unsafe migration practices. Activities aim to strengthen the cohesion, stability and resilience of conflict-affected communities by facilitating access to services, supporting basic community infrastructure, expanding livelihoods opportunities for migrants and migrant-sending communities, and promoting safe migration practices. In particular, IOM will: 

  • Support communities through socio-economic recovery and reintegration projects that are identified using participatory methodologies and implemented in partnership with local organizations to foster local ownership and community cohesion; 
  • Provide organizational and capacity development support for CSO partners, as well as technical and financial support to sustain and strengthen existing community-based mechanisms that promote equitable access to services by crisis-affected individuals and communities; 
  • Scale up employment and livelihood interventions including skills development, cash-for-work, business and entrepreneurship development, coaching, job-matching and access to finance to strengthen socioeconomic resilience and reduce reliance on unsafe migration practices and reduce risks of exploitation and migrants getting caught in the crisis; 
  • Facilitate information provision, counselling and referrals through community-based outreach and migrant resource centres to enhance knowledge of and access to information on safe migration, risks of irregular migration and positive migration practices.
Funding required
$3,500,000
Funding confirmed
$2,389,992
Last updated: 04 Dec 2022
Plan types
68%
Funding confirmed
32%
Funding gap

Health system strengthening

Thailand: IOM will support health system strengthening by:

  • Implementing disease surveillance focusing on COVID-19 case detection in migrant communities along the Thai-Myanmar border and other locations hosting large numbers of Myanmar migrants. Activities include capacity building for migrant health volunteers, establishing health referral systems and supporting detection and referral of cases.
Funding required
$1,000,000
Plan types

Objective
Strengthen preparedness and reduce disaster risk

$2,250,000
Funding required
48,000
People Targeted
15
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

In Myanmar, IOM will target a range of non-governmental actors, including CSOs, community-based actors, local volunteer groups, ethnic health organizations and other local organizations in border communities and migrant-dense areas, vulnerable mobility corridors and displacement sites. Migrants and mobile populations will be indirectly supported through preparedness measures developed and strengthened under this objective.

People and entities targeted in Thailand will be Myanmar nationals crossing the border into Thailand and Thai Border Authorities at Myanmar-Thailand Points of Entry (POEs). IOM Thailand will work with border authorities to increase migrant protection capacities of border officials while also enhancing border security to combat transnational organized crime.

Health components of preparedness and risk reduction

Myanmar: IOM will contribute to preparedness measures related to public health threats in communities, at borders and along vulnerable mobility corridors by: 

  • Supporting existing disease surveillance systems, including community event-based surveillance, particularly in border communities, migrant-dense areas and displacement sites;
  • Assessing ad hoc and local-level arrangements implemented by CSO staff, volunteers and other actors to prepare for, identify and respond to public health risks, to identify good practices and areas for further capacity building and support;
  • Working with CSOs to identify/assess any vaccine hesitancy or health misinformation from communities to reinforce RCCE efforts (education/outreach);
  • Coordinating with relevant partners and stakeholders to ensure migration and mobility are adequately considered in preparedness planning, and public health/hygiene messaging contributes to countering misinformation and anti-migrant sentiments;
  • Strengthening data collection on public health risks and mobility dynamics to  inform preparedness and response plans, using IOM’s population mobility mapping (PMM) tool.

Thailand: IOM will support preparedness efforts related to public health threats by:

  • Expanding existing mobility monitoring mechanism to include assessment of potential public health threats, including COVID-19, using the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)’s existing network and methodology.
Funding required
$1,050,000
Plan types

Points of entry

Thailand: IOM’s work at POEs will facilitate the use of a human-rights based approach to migration management at the Thai-Myanmar border areas to ensure migrant protection and effective migration management in the event of increased and sustained cross-border between Thailand and Myanmar.

Activities will be in line with IHR (2005) and will include:

  • Capacity building on human-rights based approaches to migration management to increase understanding of migrant vulnerabilities, humanitarian needs and strengthen vulnerability screening and referrals on POEs;
  • Assessing POEs regarding capacity, and gaps, and to determine if POEs are able to effectively re-open in the context of COVID-19 and in the event of large scale mixed-flow movement at the border;
  • Providing information, education and communication (IEC) materials and sanitation items to migrants and border officials at the border as part of infection prevention and control and humanitarian support.
Funding required
$1,200,000
Plan types

Objective
Contribute to an Evidence Based and Efficient Crisis Response System

$3,000,000
Funding required
At risk communities
People Targeted
35
Entities Targeted
Description of People and Entities Targeted

To support data collection and sharing for evidence based crisis response, IOM will:

  • Expand existing mobility monitoring efforts through DTM for the benefit of humanitarian and development partners in Myanmar and Thailand, providing regularly updated information to support evidence-based, mobility-sensitive and migrant-inclusive preparedness and response planning.

Displacement tracking

Myanmar: IOM contributes to informed and timely response and recovery through mobility tracking systems at community, regional and national levels. IOM will aim to sustain regular data collection to capture information on mobility trends and needs in relation to mobility, including new internal displacements and returns (internally and internationally). Activities will include:

  • Monitoring mobility trends and assessing the multi-sectoral needs of mobile and displaced populations through regular data collection to ensure these are reflected in the overall response; 
  • Strengthening capacities of partners to support and expand coverage of data collection activities;
  • Enhancing relevant data collection tools and methods, and facilitating data exchange to support response planning;
  • Maintaining and strengthening coordination with relevant partners to ensure coherence across broader population movement and displacement tracking efforts. 

Thailand: To support evidence-based planning and response, IOM will:

  • Continue and further expand its mobility monitoring in all border provinces between Thailand and Myanmar to gather information that can be used for preparedness and response planning, using the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)’s existing network and methodology.
Funding required
$3,000,000
Plan types
Operational presence in

Myanmar, Thailand

 

Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.

With thanks to our current donors