The South Pacific Islands Crisis Response Plan 2020 - 2022 indicates the total funding requirements for IOM’s programming across the humanitarian, development and peace spectrum for the Republic of Fiji, the Solomon Islands, the Kingdom of Tonga, and Vanuatu. In partnership with the governments of Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu, IOM will comprehensively address vulnerabilities and drivers of displacement before, during and after crises by:
- Supporting national and local authorities to effectively prevent, respond to and manage displacement situations;
- Enhancing resilience in at-risk communities to prepare for climate change and disaster-related human mobility;
- Providing comprehensive, targeted and life-saving humanitarian assistance to affected populations in times of disaster and ensure the continuation of essential services;
- Supporting progress towards the achievement of durable solutions for communities displaced by disasters and the long-term impacts of climate change
This approach recognizes that meeting immediate needs during crises and addressing the systemic causes of vulnerability contributes to reducing the impact of recurrent stresses and is essential for sustainable development. The strategic goals outlined in the plan will be achieved by implementing programmes in-line with IOM’s global principles and objectives.
Given the frequency of disasters caused by natural hazards in the Pacific region, IOM anticipates:
- Providing NFI and Shelter support to 5,000 internally displaced persons and disaster-affected communities;
- Supporting three National Disaster Management Offices (NDMOs) and eight humanitarian organizations.
In partnership with national NGOs, and in collaboration with the National Disaster Management Officers (NDMOs) and regional /national shelter cluster, IOM will address the shelter needs of internally displaced persons and disaster-affected communities, through:
- Conducting comprehensive needs assessments, with special consideration to persons with special needs and other vulnerable groups;
- Distributing NFIs and emergency shelter materials procured locally.
In partnership with the national Logistics and Coordination Cluster, and in collaboration with NDMOs, and the NEMO, IOM will support addressing the needs of internally displaced persons and disaster-affected communities, where possible utilizing traditional knowledge and culture, through;
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
The durable solutions programmes will be developed to support 2,261 people who remained displaced across Sanma, Penama and Shevinces in Vanuatu; and 2,000 women participating in peacebuilding programmes in the Solomon Islands.
IOM will collaborate with national and local authorities to develop and support progress towards the achievement of durable solutions for the approximate 2,261 people who remain displaced in Vanuatu as a result of the Ambae eruption. Through utilizing a rights-based, participatory and inclusive approach, IOM will achieve this by sustainably supporting:
- Reintegration of the target population to their place of origin;
- Local integration of the target population in areas where there are internally displaced persons;
- Integration of the target population to another part of the country.
Drawing upon its experience supporting community-led conflict mitigation approaches within different conflict situations, IOM will work with communities to address underlying drivers of conflict and to strengthen community capacity to promote peaceful resolutions and respond to threats that might lead to relapse into conflict or violence including. Activities will include:
Beneficiaries targeted under this objective are 12,000 community members (200 people per community) that reside in areas prone to disaster displacement and respective National Disaster Management Offices (NDMOs).
IOM plans to build the functional Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) capacity of government partners and target communities. CBDRM planning provides a holistic approach, encompassing the whole cycle of Disaster Risk Management. As such, IOM aims to achieve this through:
- Mapping and assessing high-displacement risks areas;
- Improving the capacity of targeted disaster-prone communities in applying Disaster Risk Management strategies;
- Ensuring vulnerable communities in disaster-prone areas have better-quality information about potential hazards;
- Fortifying and expanding early warning system and emergency communication infrastructure.
IOM plans to carry out the following activities:
- Developing and updating key guidance documents concerning the preparation, management and coordination of evacuation centres and displacement sites in respect to COVID-19;
- Upgrading critical evacuation centres and other sites of displacement to improve site safety and hygiene This includes the development of tools and guidance for site planning, including for contingency spaces, and quarantine areas;
- Prioritizing the engagement with IDPs and host communities in assessing risks, monitoring and reporting mechanisms, planning and implementing mitigation measures; including capacity-building of leaders and set-up of new volunteer networks.
IOM, in partnership with the National Disaster Management Offices (NDMOs), will support evacuation management by:
In addition, through the regional Evacuation Centre Management and Displacement (ECMD) cluster under the humanitarian architecture of the Pacific Humanitarian Team (PHT), IOM will support emergency preparedness by governments and cluster partners in the region by:
Climate change and disaster related programmes and policies need to be underpinned by data, evidence, and research – applying mixed-methods and participatory methodologies. Ensuring that national ownership of data and research is in place, that collection and management of evidence is robust and well-integrated in the region, and that analysis and utilization capabilities are adequate, is critical to ensuring the preparation of PICs is informed and effective. IOM anticipates to:
IOM plans to build capacity of NDMOs, NEMO, and national NGO counterparts on data collection, data analysis and data management, including through training on use of IOM’s DTM to support data-driven crisis response interventions, such as:
Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Tonga
Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.