South Sudan Crisis Response Plan 2020 - 2021

South Sudan Crisis Response Plan 2020 - 2021

Last updated: January 28 2021
Funding required
People in need
People Targeted

IOM Vision

IOM, in partnership with key stakeholders and communities, will continue to support vulnerable people across South Sudan with essential life-saving assistance, whilst creating conducive environments for sustainable returns and recovery. IOM will adopt a community-driven approach to all programming, to facilitate transformative changes that address vulnerability and risks. Tackling these challenges means not only making a positive and lasting impact on the lives of South Sudanese affected by crises, but also supporting the Government in fulfilling the promises of the Revitalized Peace Agreement, creating a base of support for its continued efforts to address potential drivers for future crises.

Save lives and respond to needs through humanitarian assistance and protection

Funding required
People Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM foresees that humanitarian support will be needed for three population groups: (1) IDPs who remain displaced, for whom IOM will target both protracted and newly displaced populations based on context specific vulnerability analyses and emergency gaps analysis; (2) IDPs and other migrants who have returned, who can face challenges in accessing services, livelihood opportunities, and housing, land, and property; and (3) vulnerable host communities in areas in which services are limited. IOM is committed to the centrality of protection and implementing needs-based programming guided by protection  vulnerability analyses, targeting the most vulnerable populations including ensuring the specific needs of women, girls, and traditionally underserved groups are addressed, particularly in ensuring  the risks and barriers they face in accessing service and assistance are addressed.

Camp coordination and camp management

IOM will continue to provide Cluster Coordination, whilst performing essential camp management functions, including site care and maintenance, coordination of humanitarian services, and capacity-building of community leadership structures and governance activities, whilst strengthening communication and community engagement and access to complaints and feedback mechanisms. In 2021, CCCM efforts will be divided into three primary intervention areas: 

  • Maintaining a static presence as the CM agency in Bentiu PoC, Naivasha IDP Camp (formerly the Wau PoCAA) and Collective Centers, as well as continuing to provide site care and maintenance inside Malakal PoC; 
  • Responding to emerging displacements through mobile responses, as well as expanding mobile response interventions in hard-to-reach areas of the country, encompassing  site assessments, coordination of humanitarian partners, building the capacity of the community for self-management, and strengthening community governance structures; and
  • Supporting durable solutions efforts in areas of return and within host communities in coordination with humanitarian partners.
Funding required
Plan types


IOM will continue to mainstream protection, including GBV risk mitigation, across programming, and maintain close coordination with key protection partners and relevant Clusters and technical working groups as well as undertake protection standalone activities. Key activities will include:

  • Protection Monitoring in areas of displacement and return to identify human rights violations and protection risks, which can act as early warning mechanisms to support preparedness and response.
  • Strengthen Community-based protection efforts by working with communities to strengthen their self-protection capacities or develop new strategies.
  • Provision of Protection thematic guidance and capacity building of protection actors through training on  Protection and GBV Mainstreaming; disability inclusion; child safeguarding; ethical and safe responses; and collection, analysis and use of data, and production of protection analysis reports to guide priorities.; 
  • Provision of legal aid to GBV survivors, victims of trafficking, and those facing HLP issues..
  • Build capacities of organizations for persons with disabilities or other rights groups to advocate for the rights of marginalized groups such as persons with disabilities.
Funding required
Plan types

Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian response

In line with the IOM Manual on Community-Based MHPSS in Emergencies and Displacement, will continue offering focused non-specialised services, with the aim that:

  • Conflict-affected populations, including in PoC sites, collective centres, host communities, and hard-to-reach areas, have strengthened access to targeted MHPSS support through the provision of enhanced protection focused response services, such as Psychological First Aid (PFA), individual and family counselling, peer support groups, and referral to specialized MHPSS or social services. 
  • Families and communities receive support via recreational, cultural and social activities complimented by non-formal learning and small-scale income generating activities.
  • MHPSS services are provided at centres, in clinics, through home visits, and through regional toll-free hotlines.
  • MHPSS and health and GBV responses work more closely together and offer a holistic service to persons affected by physical health and/ or mental health problems.
Funding required
Plan types

Health support

IOM will continue its static, mobile, rapid response team, and comprehensive HIV care and treatment strategy, with a focus on integrated emergency lifesaving primary health care, routine immunization, and surveillance and response to disease outbreaks for  IDPs, returnees, and host communities:

  • Provide general outpatient clinical and trauma care, sexual and reproductive health, clinical management of rape, and child health services through existing network of static health facilities and outreach/mobile clinics. 
  • Provide integrated TB and HIV care and treatment through health care providers working at static clinics.
  • Deploy Health Rapid Response Teams in response to disease outbreaks and emergencies and deliver critical lifesaving health care services to locations where acute needs are most severe.
  • Ensure the provision of routine immunization services within health facilities and through outreach services for communities otherwise not reached with health services.
  • Severely, acutely sick patients who require in-patient care and treatment, including severely malnourished children, are referred to appropriate higher-level health services.
Funding required
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Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in emergencies

As one of the largest WASH actors in South Sudan, IOM will continue to ensure provision of WASH services in existing areas of operations, whilst mobilizing its EPnR teams in order to rapidly restore service provision in response to crises:

  • Ensure provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene services to IDPs in POCs and collective centres. 
  • Mobilize WASH Emergency & Preparedness Teams across the country in order to rapidly restore service provision, to include borehole rehabilitation/repair, shock chlorination, hygiene promotion and sensitization, as well as the distribution of water purification products and WASH NFIs, whilst ensuring GBV-related risks and concerns are taken into consideration in all programming.
  • Ensure health facilities and school in areas of return have minimum standards for WASH services and facilities, including latrines, water quality and quantity, drainage and waste management
  • Support cash-for-work for community members engaged in rehabilitation of WASH facilities, and promote community engagement and ownership.
Funding required
Plan types

Shelter, settlements and non-food items

IOM will continue to provide emergency shelter and NFI support across South Sudan, with the most appropriate modalities determined through comprehensive needs and market assessments, with special consideration to persons with special needs and other vulnerable groups throughout the project cycle:

  • Support crisis and flood-affected populations through timely and quality provision of in-kind NFI support and distribution of emergency shelter materials. 
  • Facilitate cash-based interventions (CBI) where markets are functional and accessible, through multi-purposes cash assistance and conditional grants. 
  • Strengthen S-NFI cluster coordination and enhance support to S-NFI cluster partners through role as the S-NFI Cluster Lead Agency, ensuring an effective and coordinated response, both in serving beneficiaries and providing technical support to partner organizations.
Funding required
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Humanitarian assistance to survivors of human rights violations

IOM will provide assistance to survivors of human rights violations, including those arising from the conflict.

  • Ensure that survivors receive effective support, such as access to justice. 
  • Support the rights of survivors of GBV, including conflict-related sexual violence survivors, alongside access to multisectoral services and the provision of support for sustained livelihoods, to strengthen their longer-term resilience.
  • Strengthen direct GBV response services, including case management, mental health and psychosocial support, and legal counselling services for GBV survivors, including victims of trafficking. 
  • Provide direct services to victims of all forms of trafficking.
  • Provide case management and referral to specialized services.
Funding required
Plan types
The Shelter / NFI team fixes the homes of vulnerable people in Naivasha IDP camp, formerly known as the Wau POC site © IOM 2020 / Peter Caton
The Shelter / NFI team fixes the homes of vulnerable people in Naivasha IDP camp, formerly known as the Wau POC site © IOM 2020 / Peter Caton

Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention

Funding required
People Targeted
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM foresees that humanitarian support will be needed for three population groups: (1) IDPs who remain displaced, for whom IOM will target both protracted and newly displaced populations based on context specific vulnerability analyses and emergency gaps analysis; (2) IDPs and other migrants who have returned, who can face challenges in accessing services, livelihood opportunities, and housing, land, and property; and (3) vulnerable host communities in areas in which services are limited. Key beneficiaries will include vulnerable community members such as women and children as well as community leaders, civil society, local authorities, and relevant ministries. IOM is committed to implementing needs-based programming to reaching those that are most vulnerable, and targeting of beneficiaries will take into account protection concerns based on context-specific vulnerability analyses. IOM will address the conflict drivers and harmful gender norms that undermine resilience strengthening efforts and the transition to recovery and development.

Health system strengthening

IOM will scale up efforts to strengthen resilience of healthcare systems, community health resilience, referral networks, and the Ministry of Health and NNGOs to assume an increasing role in health service delivery:

  • Strengthen resilience of healthcare systems and referral networks through outreach and static service delivery, capacity building of NNGOs, and support to pharmaceutical supply chain management. 
  • Strengthen capacity of MOH to deliver routine immunization services by expanding EPI services to underserved and hard-to-reach areas, engagement of MOH vaccinators, and capacity building.
  • Strengthen community health resilience through health education and promotion activities and implementation of preventive health services.
  • Provide technical assistance to enhance MOH coordination and leadership capacity on border health systems and responses to public health threats.  
  • Develop capacities of county health departments and NNGOs to assume responsibility for direct service provision in IOM locations of engagement.
  • Engage South Sudan diaspora community in provision of direct health services and on-the-job training of MOH staff on selected priority medical interventions, including emergency maternal, child and neonatal care.
  • Pilot an innovative solution to establish community referral systems from patients’ houses to the nearest clinic in pilot villages, through the provision of Community Referral Kits encompassing a stretcher, torch, head lamp, gumboots and rain coat.
  • Improve access to quality services for GBV survivors, including addressing capacity to provide compassionate care and addressing harmful norms/attitudes among health staff and systems, which stigmatise and affect female and male survivors from accessing care. 
Funding required
Plan types

Peacebuilding and peace preservation

IOM will support peace and social cohesion through targeted activities to address drivers of conflict that are blocking returns and recovery, as well as integrating community-level peace and cohesion activities throughout all interventions. Conflict issues blocking or arising from returns and reintegration of displaced persons will be regularly identified through analyses, partners and local stakeholders.

  • Provide community dialogues, reconciliation and social cohesion activities, including between pastoralists and farmers in areas affected by cattle raiding violence to improve relationships between divided communities. 
  • Strengthen community-level conflict resolution and prevention mechanisms, including the establishment of early warning systems. 
  • Provide support for the establishment of community-based water management and pasture management groups. 
  • Violence and tensions will be reduced and social cohesion strengthened at community levels through ‘peace dividend’ projects.
  • Develop and disseminate strategic messages on tolerance, peace, non-violence and interdependence in cooperation with communities utilizing various media and social communication platforms.
  • Capitalize on the positive opportunities provided by the COVID-19 pandemic to promote peaceful co-existence, social cohesion and combat stigmatization, engendering the cooperation needed to limit and respond effectively to the spread of the disease.
  • Building on mental health and psychosocial support provided to individuals and families, reinforce community level healing processes, which is critical in the implementation and delivery of other outcome areas, such as livelihoods and governance.
Funding required
Plan types

Restoring housing, land and property rights

IOM will continue advancing  national land legislation in conjunction with national ministries and parliamentarians, while simultaneously serving individual HLP needs at the grassroots level:

  • Expand HLP rights-based education to individuals across the country, including comprehensive training in collaborative/alternative dispute resolution (CDR/ADR) methodologies, to provide community members with tools to settle disputes in a transparent, equitable and accessible manner, without reliance on overburdened and inaccessible court systems.   
  • Provide widespread education and training to ensure all parties are aware of their land rights as guaranteed by the national law, and strengthen access to land rights for women and vulnerable people, including providing legal counselling and services to women and addressing harmful gender norms and HLP practices among traditional and formal HLP institutions.
  • Enhance capacities of national and sub-national land authorities on land records management, document verification and issuance, the application of relevant laws and statutes, as well as administrative, practices, and national and traditional laws and statutes governing HLP in South Sudan.
  • Facilitate access to legal aid to affected populations pursuing claims on HLP.
  • Advance HLP considerations through mainstreamed programming across all IOM interventions, ensuring all interventions adhere to established HLP due diligence guidelines, grounded in “Do No Harm” principles.
Funding required
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Community stabilization

IOM will continue to design and deliver locally-driven, development-principled initiatives that facilitate transformative change that addresses the drivers of vulnerability and risk, and mitigate further displacement, with a focus on access and provision of essential services; economic recovery; and local governance and social cohesion.

  • Strengthen governance structures at the local level, particularly the role of Boma and Payam Development Committees in local development and resilience planning for their communities, as well as serving as an interface between communities and the County Government, whilst strengthening the meaningful participation of women and traditionally underserved groups within such bodies.
  • Strengthen the capacity of community leaders, civil society and local authorities to respond pro-actively and pre-emptively to emergent conflicts through coordinated and holistic approaches, including promoting women’s role in peacebuilding and addressing harmful social and gender norms that promote and sustain inter-communal conflicts.
  • Improve access to services and public infrastructures, such as safe water and sanitation infrastructure, as well as hand hygiene infrastructures, and recreational spaces and ensure that women’s meaningful participation in leadership and decision-making is promoted through participatory development planning. 
  • Provide youth (particularly those may be otherwise be involved in livestock-related conflict and urban criminality such as youth gangs) with a sense of inclusion and belonging through livelihoods, educational and vocational training support, alongside the provision of mental health and psychosocial support and addressing harmful socials and gender norms which undermine security and peacebuilding efforts.
Funding required
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Durable solutions

In line with IOM’s framework, The Progressive Resolution Of Displacement Situations, the Mission will deliver  multi-tiered initiatives that reinforce the agency of individuals, households and communities combined with systemic support to create environments conducive to the resolution of displacement and sustainable returns and recovery. 

  • Map infrastructure and service gaps, including water, education, health, and expand to issues of social cohesion and other factors influencing sustainability of returns.
  • Strengthen basic service provision (including health, mental health and psychosocial support, GBV response, WASH and waste management) through support to local government and community groups and strengthening relationships and referral mechanisms between levels of government and with community committees.
  • Support communities and local governance systems to address land and property issues.
  • Provide Functional Adult Literacy (FAL) training to empower vulnerable communities with writing, reading, numeracy and life skills for immediate application in managing their small businesses, conflict management, active participation in decision making, becoming competitive in the ‘job market’ and enhancing self-confidence.
  • Support rehabilitation and construction of accessible and inclusive common market spaces.
  • Strengthen accessibility to micro-credit, with a particular focus on vulnerable groups, such as women and youth.
  • Promote returnees’ participation in community and peacebuilding processes on an equal basis with host communities.
  • Strengthen mechanisms for access to justice including informal justice mechanisms and their capacities to apply human rights in decision making.
Funding required
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Mental health and psychosocial support: dialogue and social cohesion towards recovery and crisis prevention

In line with IOM's Manual on Community-based Mental health and Psychosocial Support in Displacement and Emergencies, IOM will integrate MHPSS with conflict transformation and mediation activities, as well as within wider livelihood efforts.

  • Provision of MHPSS activities at the individual, family and community levels that contribute to wider efforts to mend social fabrics and strengthen social cohesion. 
  • Promote positive coping strategies at individual, family and community levels to reduce emotional distress and use of violence among youth at risk.
  • Provide trainings and other support to facilitate the integration of MHPSS in conflict transformation and mediation as well as in livelihoods and development programmes.
Funding required
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Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in transitional and post-crisis situations

IOM will continue to respond to water, sanitation and hygiene needs, whilst supporting GBV prevention, whilst moving towards approaches that strengthen the sustainability of efforts, through improved WASH-GBV linkages, as well as a shift towards WASH market-based programming, in support of markets and livelihoods

  • Support manual and mechanical drilling of boreholes, as well as with setting up solar-powered water yards, in locations agreed as safe and access by women and girls and ensure accessibility for people with disabilities. 
  • Strengthen self-sufficient WASH management mechanisms and governance systems to enable communities to better respond to their needs and endure future shocks, and improve response capacity by promoting the participation of women in key positions regarding the management of the WASH services
  • Strengthen market-based programming through supporting entrepreneurship and small-scale enterprise development, by working through or supporting local markets and engaging groups of business women and men to define business plans for the operation and maintenance (O&M) of communal water and sanitation facilities in public places.
  • Contribute to changing harmful social norms that exclude women and girls from decision-making and non-traditional roles in WASH, including engaging men and boys in positive behaviour change. 
  • Foster open defecation free communities by supporting community-led total sanitation and systemic hygiene promotion and behaviour change activities at the community level, including in schools.
Funding required
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Address the socio-economic impacts of health crises

In line with the UN COVID-19 Socio-Economic Response Plan for South Sudan, IOM will deliver activities that respond to  the short and medium-term socioeconomic impact of COVID-19, through the provision of targeted socio-economic assistance that encompasses efforts to strengthen social cohesion at the community level, the latter to tackle the risks of exacerbating divides as a risk of COVID-19 and other health crises.

  • Undertake Community Based Planning to assess relevant livelihood initiatives and status of access to services, including water, education, and health, and help provide access to income-generating activities through cash-based assistance and livelihood support projects in selected high-risk communities
  • Strengthen access to and provision of key services, to allow for sustainable returns, build trust across conflict lines, facilitate resumption of livelihoods and provide protection to vulnerable groups to reduce the socio-economic impact and inter-group hostilities resulting from COVID-19 and related migration movements
  • Support rehabilitation, construction and equipping of community-identified infrastructure, ensuring universal design accessibility and adopting renewable and sustainable energy sources whenever possible.
  • Engage with communities to counter misinformation, hate speech and xenophobia linked to the spread of the virus
  • Strengthen peacebuilding and social cohesion efforts and address drivers of conflict that are blocking returns and recovery, as well as integrating community-level peace and cohesion activities within wider COVID-19 responses.
Funding required
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Strengthen preparedness and reduce disaster risk

Funding required
People Targeted
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

The Nile Basin is highly prone to water-induced hazards such as floods, flash floods, river bank erosion, and land degradation, with Jonglei, Upper Nile, Warrap and the Equatorias representing severe flood-prone areas. Flooding not only leads to recurrent displacement, but destroys crops, damages private and public property and development infrastructure, cripples resilience, and intensifies food insecurity. IOM seeks to build the capacity of relevant ministries, NNGOs, and communities to prevent, mitigate, anticipate and respond effectively to a crisis, whilst strengthening the resilience of communities, systems and infrastructures, to save lives and reduce suffering in South Sudan. IOM will also continue to work closely with the Ministry of Health (MOH) to strengthen health systems to better prevent, detect and respond to complex communicable disease outbreaks, such as COVID-19, Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) and other health threats, as well as building capacity of health and social workers.

Health components of preparedness and risk reduction

As co-lead for the COVID POE TWG, co-chair of the Emergency Responders Mechanism, a member of the Health Strategic Advisory Group, GAVI/MOH Immunization Committee, and several technical working groups, IOM will continue to scale up efforts to ensure that health systems are strengthened to better prevent, detect and respond to complex communicable disease outbreaks and health threats, including through early warning alert response systems.

  • Conduct regular surveillance through IOM clinics, and support Ministry of Health facilities to prevent, early detect, report and respond to any epidemic-prone infectious diseases.
  • Train staff in Early Warning, Alert and Response System (EWARS).
  • Strengthen the boma health committee in high priority hot spot areas.
  • Conduct facility and community level health promotion, risk communication and social mobilization activities with focus on epidemic prone diseases. 
  • Support MOH preparedness and response efforts through supporting the drafting and reviewing of SOPs, protocols and guidelines, particularly those related to port health efforts. 
  • Support the Directorate of International Coordination Office of the MOH to support its capacity to coordinate and lead the National Action Plan for Health Security with special focus on the preparedness and response capacity at Points of Entry and cross-border coordination.
  • Support development of cross border coordination platforms with neighbouring countries.
  • Support MOH in direct delivery of COVID-19 vaccines to prioritized groups in IOM catchment areas.
Funding required
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System strengthening for mental health and psychosocial support

As coordinator of the MHPSS TWG at the national level, IOM will strengthen efforts at the community level, including capacity building of key actors, and integration of MHPSS considerations within wider humanitarian-development-peace efforts. 

  • Engage in MHPSS mainstreaming and capacity building of local stakeholders, humanitarian actors, health partners, and Government Ministries, such as social workers of the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare.
  • Scale up engagement of academic partners within capacity building efforts, including mentorships to students or young professionals, and capacity building of students and lecturers. 
  • Engage respective community leadership in trainings and awareness-raising on psychosocial needs and existing MHPSS services to facilitate  handover of some of IOM’s Recreational and Counselling Centres to the community.
  • Coordinate the MHPSS TWG at national and subnational levels, strengthening MHPSS as a cross-cutting topic among protection, education and health sectors, including enhancing MHPSS data collection and service mapping, harmonized capacity building, and development of a National Mental Health Strategy.
Funding required
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Water, sanitation and hygiene in preparedness and risk reduction

IOM will ensure that vulnerable communities benefit from WASH interventions that are scalable, sustainable, adaptable and resilient, using context-appropriate technologies and ensuring capacity building for sustained management. IOM will:

  • Explore cost-effective means of ensuring adequate service provision, through communities' operation and management of water supply hybrid solar systems and market-based programming.
  • Scale-up the commissioning of biogas chambers to treat sludge from latrines and produce clean cooking energy, in both camp-like and host community settings.
  • Undertake assessment for co-digestion of faecal sludge with food waste in a bid to further reduce the waste and the carbon footprint of waste management in camp-like settings.
  • Installation of flood-resistant hand pumps and sanitation structures, and hand pump toolkit and training support for Boma level mechanics and WASH Committees.
Funding required
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Disaster prevention

IOM’s programmes will focus on disaster risk reduction and preparedness, to enhance community resilience such that their knowledge and coping mechanisms are increased to meet the challenges of climate shocks; and enhance effectiveness of disaster risk mitigation measures to mitigate displacement and food insecurity; and inform and influence policymakers and humanitarian community on disaster risk reduction.

  • Support the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management on the development of a comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Policy.
  • Promoting Boma Disaster Risk Management Committee (BDRMC) as grassroots institutional mechanisms for preparing community to meet emergencies and mobilizing them for risk reduction to plan and delegate responsibilities in advance of crises, including the promotion of community resources and multi-hazard disaster mapping, and ensure the meaningful participation of all sectors of the community within such structures, including women, persons with disabilities, IDPs, and returnees;
  • Strengthen community resilience through community-based climate change adaptation programming in flood-affected areas of South Sudan.
  • Support Participatory, Risk, Vulnerability, Capacity, Assessment (PRVCA) and Development planning at the micro level, with an emphasis of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into development planning.
  • Promote the development and utilization of national early warning systems for crises including flooding, famine, locusts, and droughts.
  • Work to strengthen community referral mechanisms for GBV response and awareness raising, in preparedness for crisis.
Funding required
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Emergency preparedness

Through the provision of tailored capacity building and technical assistance, IOM will build the capacity of relevant stakeholders, including national and local authorities, NGOs, and community leaders on disaster risk management, preparedness and response, based on comprehensive and context specific needs assessments.

  • Support Conflict Sensitivity, Needs Analyses, Gender Analyses, and Protection Assessments, to update Emergency Response Plans.
  • Participate in Joint Inter-Agency Rapid Needs Assessments in hard-to-reach, underserved and new displacement areas through mobile response capacity to inform inter-agency Emergency Preparedness and Contingency Plans.
  • Equip key stakeholders at the community level with the capacity to develop emergency preparedness and response plans to face future displacement whether due to conflict or natural disaster
  • Strengthen capacity for ad-hoc assessments and data collection activities using the Emergency Event Tracking Tool to inform partners at the onset of the emergency and support them with planning.
  • Strengthen site planning and emergency multi-sectoral coordination in response to displacement, including enhancing Emergency Preparedness and Response Capacity of CCCM Partners through Capacity and skills building trainings and strengthened CCCM Coordination and site level support. 
  • Update Contingency and Humanitarian Response Plans for PoC sites, formal camps (former PoC) and Collective Sites in response to changing dynamics and onset emergencies including flooding, and pandemics.
Funding required
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Points of entry

As co-lead of the POE Technical Working Group, IOM has strong experience in providing technical support and collaborating with key frontline government and non-governmental partners to enhance  border health and mobility management capacities. In line with National Contingency Plans, IOM will continue to support prevention and response efforts of the MOH at PoE, through coordinated multi-sectoral responses. 

  • Screen incoming travellers, collect relevant information to enable contact tracing, and provide age- and gender-appropriate messages on how to minimize risk of infection and where to seek medical assistance should symptoms develop.
  • Undertake participatory mobility mapping and flow monitoring to better understand the mobility dynamics in the region, including at transit hubs, convergence points and major destination points. 
  • Provide WASH/IPC support at PoEs, including construction, operation and maintenance of WASH facilities, and provision of IPC materials to minimize the risk of infection.
  • Strengthen risk communication and community engagement interventions at POEs, nearby Health Facilities and adjacent communities.
  • Strengthen capacity of Ministry of Interior and other related ministries on border health and mobility management through capacity building of security and immigration actors, border police, and supporting improvements to border infrastructure and strengthening of whole-of-government responses
  • Provision of technical support and collaboration towards the establishment of Port Health and capacity building efforts, as required.
Funding required
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Contribute to an Evidence Based and Efficient Crisis Response System

Funding required
People Targeted
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

While over 1.6 million people have already returned to their homes, many face situations of vulnerability and insecurity that hinder the sustainability of durable solutions, while the same number remains internally displaced. More than half a million were newly displaced in 2020 as a result of flooding but also ongoing subnational and localised conflict. IOM’s DTM is an integrated information management system that provides granular, accurate and regularly updated information on the number and geographic distribution of IDPs and returnees, trends in mixed migration flows, gaps in infrastructure and services, and the evolving needs of crisis-affected populations, to strengthen joint needs analysis, strategic response planning, and effective and well-coordinated humanitarian and development activities.

South Sudan is one of the most complex humanitarian operating environments in the world, with persistent insecurity, poor infrastructure and seasonal hazards. Accessing remote locations in South Sudan with lifesaving humanitarian cargo constitutes a significant ongoing challenge as localized conflict and a highly undeveloped road network drastically slows movements. Access issues are particularly pronounced during the rainy season, when road or water transport is not an option and all supplies must be moved by air. It is therefore critical to continue support for pre-positioning of relief items in the field through management of WASH and S-NFI pipelines to meet needs of populations in a timely manner, particularly in response to new and recurring shocks, as well as the provision of the Common Transport Service, a free-for-user service that transports key humanitarian supplies on behalf of humanitarian actors. It is also critical to enable humanitarian agencies to rapidly establish or re-establish presence in areas in which people have been heavily affected by the ongoing conflict and subsequent outcomes through establishment of further humanitarian hubs in key strategic deep field locations.

Displacement tracking

Leveraging a countrywide network of over 6,500 key informants and close to 700 local enumerators, IOM will continue to provide granular, accurate and regularly updated information on the number and geographic distribution of IDPs and returnees, trends in mixed migration flows and the evolving needs of crisis-affected populations. IOM will:

  • Maintain countrywide coverage through Mobility Tracking to provide regular updates on the numbers, locations and priority needs of IDPs and returnees, as well as comparative trends analysis.
  • Provide infrastructure, facilities and service mapping to gather in-depth information on local livelihood practices, service functionality and infrastructural gaps to inform the design and implementation of transition, recovery, and resilience interventions.
  • Provide multi-sectoral needs analysis undertaken through key informant interviews and household surveys, in coordination with humanitarian partners and relevant authorities.
  • Conduct Flow Monitoring at strategic mobility hubs, border points and displacement sites across the country to provide timely information on displacement, mixed migration and return routes, and improve knowledge of migrant profiles, motivations and intentions.
  • Expand Event Tracking of new displacement incidents to contribute to early warning efforts and inform conflict prevention and rapid response efforts.
  • Strengthen evidence-based decision and accountability of humanitarian assistance through biometric data management.
Funding required
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Support services for response actors

Through its long standing logistics capacity, IOM will continue to provide cost-effective, strategic and timely support for frontline actors across South Sudan. 

  • Through management of the S-NFI Common Pipeline and a proportion of the WASH Common Pipeline, facilitate procurement, prepositioning, and management of emergency humanitarian supplies for frontline actors responding to crises
  • Ensure humanitarian partners receive timely delivery of humanitarian supplies through the IOM operated Common Transport Service, a free-for-user service that transports key humanitarian supplies on behalf of humanitarian actors.
  • Strengthen reach of humanitarian and development actors through the establishment of additional humanitarian hubs, enabling partners to set-up a permanent presence in key strategic locations with a long-term perspective, including deep in the field.. 
  • Through the Rapid Response Fund, continue to provide a flexible funding mechanism that enables the immediate disbursement of grants to international and national NGOs (I/NNGOs) responding to the needs of disaster-affected population across South Sudan and in the Abyei Administrative Area, under three-month emergency response projects.
Funding required
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Operational presence in

South Sudan

International staff and affiliated work force
National staff and affiliated work force
IOM field office


Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.