Building on IOM's expertise providing life-saving assistance to those most affected by conflict, and recognizing the dynamic context within Syria, IOM will address humanitarian and protection needs and support efforts towards resolving displacement. IOM mainstreams protection, accountability to affected populations, protection from sexual exploitation and abuse and risk mitigation while strengthening the capacity of NGO partners.
Target beneficiaries, including internally displaced persons and affected communities, will be selected based on assessed vulnerabilities. Vulnerability criteria will ensure that assistance reaches individuals and households with particular vulnerabilities, including newly displaced, female- and child-headed households, and those with disabilities. Planning, prioritization and targeting with be based on the Humanitarian Needs Overview, and the sectoral and inter-sectoral severity ranking.
In order to meet the shelter and non-food item needs of the affected population, IOM plans to:
- Distribute emergency non-food items to newly displaced and the most vulnerable households;
- Repair and rehabilitate housing units and upgrade collective centres;
- Procure and distribute family tents for the newly displaced and the most vulnerable households;
- Provide tent insulation activities (winterization response);
- Conduct basic IDP site upgrade works.
As part of IOM's Camp Coordination and Camp Management activities, IOM plans to:
- Set-up a new planned IDP camp;
- Manage three reception centres for newly displaced persons and one planned camp;
- Provide site management support services;
- Provide site monitoring activities;
- Organize IDP site care and maintenance support for camp committees.
In order to address the water, sanitation and hygiene needs of the displaced population, IOM plans to:
- Provide emergency WASH activities in IDP sites (including the provision and maintenance of latrines, water trucking etc.);
- Carry out basic infrastructure improvements in IDP sites to improve sanitation and reduce flood risks.
In order to address the significant protection needs of the affected population IOM plans to:
- Provide integrated protection services;
- Support community centres, including through outreach teams;
- Provide dignity kits to newly displaced persons;
- Operate mobile protection teams targeting informal IDP sites;
- Provide training on housing, land and property issues, and legal awareness-raising clinics.
In order to address the immediate food needs of the affected population, IOM plans to:
- Provide monthly food baskets to the most vulnerable households;
- Provide ready-to-eat rations for newly displaced households.
In order to support the collective humanitarian response, IOM will provide information management services benefiting the humanitarian community, and will support the Whole-of-Syria Protection on the Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (PSEA) initiative. In particular, IOM will support the entire Syrian humanitarian response (across all response hubs) to coordinate the implementation of international commitments on PSEA. This will include:
- Support to inter-agency PSEA networks in all hubs;
- Training and awareness-raising amongst humanitarian workers and decision-makers on PSEA and SEA investigations;
- The continued roll-out of inter-agency community-based complaints mechanisms (CBCMs).
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
Internally displaced persons and affected communities will be selected based on assessed vulnerabilities. Vulnerability criteria will ensure that assistance reaches individuals and households with particular vulnerabilities, including newly displaced, female- and child-headed households, and those with disabilities. Planning, prioritization and targeting with be based on the Humanitarian Needs Overview, and the sectoral and inter-sectoral severity ranking.
In order to promote durable solutions for the affected Syrian population, IOM plans to:
- Support early recovery and livelihood through business development support to small and medium enterprises, vocational and agricultural trainings;
- Increasing income generation for vulnerable households through cash for work opportunities;
- Enhance community participation and social cohesion through cash-for-work and improved basic services.
These interventions fall under IOM's Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations Framework (PRDS), particularly the pillar of "Access to sustainable livelihoods and employment".
Syrian Arab Republic
Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.