IOM, in partnership with key strategic actors, seeks to provide direct support to vulnerable populations and strengthen institutional and community capacities on preparedness and response for crisis situations in Honduras, including emergencies due to disasters, large population movements to reduce the risks and vulnerabilities of affected populations (internally displaced persons, returnees, migrants and host communities) and support sustainable recovery, preparedness and reintegration at national and local levels.
Save lives and respond to needs through humanitarian assistance and protection
Upon request for international assistance, IOM will provide immediate life-saving assistance and protection to local communities, internally displaced persons (IDPs) affected by disasters anywhere in Honduras, in close collaboration with the government and partners. In 2023, IOM expects to respond to at least one single country emergency, such as a hurricane, tropical storm, or flood.
Furthermore, IOM will strengthen and diversify protection services for migrants in transit, IDP, and returnees in targeted communities, and manage the efficient distribution of humanitarian aid in shelters.
IOM will support the basic needs of affected communities and displaced persons in at least one emergency in Honduras through the distribution of multi-purpose cash assistance to populations of interest in coordination with social protection agencies and partners.
IOM will support the government in the coordination and management of their emergency shelters (collective centers) for displaced populations in at least one emergency in Honduras through the deployment of an emergency Shelter/CCCM coordination team (coordinator, information manager, CCCM technical advisor) to support coordinated interventions between all stakeholders, contribute to coordinated and inclusive needs assessments and strengthen the capacity of emergency shelter managers. Activities will include:
- Mobile teams support to the centre managers on the coordination and management of collective centres or camps.
- Provision of basic equipment for collective centres, such as stoves for cooking, chairs, tables, fans, washing machines, and garbage cans, among others.
IOM will provide protection assistance to affected populations focusing on displaced persons, vulnerable migrants, returnees, and migrants in transit, in all phases of displacement through:
- Providing Child Protection / Gender-Based Violence case management and mobilization of assistance for vulnerable individuals and groups to ensure they have meaningful access to available services and accountability and referral mechanisms. IOM will especially advocate for the provision of durable solutions for populations of interest in an early stage such as referral to livelihoods, and relocalization support, among others.
- Providing technical guidance to other IOM projects, IOM’s implementing partners and governments to integrate GBV considerations such as dignity kits, psychosocial support and the safe spaces that girls and women need to access care and protection.
- Promoting the Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) by ensuring that all IOM partners and staff are duly trained on the key concepts of PSEA, how to report incidents, responsibilities, obligations, and the victim-centred approach.
IOM will provide life-saving WASH assistance to the affected communities and displaced persons in at least one emergency in Honduras through:
- Transportation and distribution of pre-positioned differentiated hygiene kits and hygiene awareness sessions in collaboration with standby partners.
IOM will provide life-saving shelter and non-food items to affected communities and displaced persons in at least one emergency in Honduras through:
- Improving infrastructure (including basic equipment) and living conditions for IDPs, vulnerable migrants, and returnees in shelters (collective centers), contributing to the risk reduction of gender-based violence.
- Strengthening the relevant regional and national shelter and CCCM coordination structure in collaboration with COPECO and other partners by deploying (Emergency) Shelter Sector Specialists to monitor stakeholder activities, coordinate assessments, set standards, and active coordination of activities and development of durable solutions in an early stage.
- Transportation and distribution of pre-positioned emergency shelter NFIs, for 15,000 households (75,000 persons), including emergency shelter kits, solar lamps, kitchen sets and other items previously coordinated in its composition with CCCM cluster, from the IOM warehouses in Panama to displaced and affected households in collaboration with partners
- Carry out GBV risk mitigation activities established in the GBV guidelines by training non-GBV specialized staff on how to handle a GBV disclosure safely and ethically, and promoting the participation of women and girls throughout the design, implementation, and monitoring processes of shelter-related activities. This will be implemented in close coordination and consultation with the subcluster of GBV and specialists from the Resident Coordinator of the UN.
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
In collaboration with the authorities and partners, IOM will provide durable support to vulnerable households that are displaced or whose house has been damaged or destroyed by a disaster, with a particular focus on women, girls, the elderly, people living with HIV/AIDS and people with disabilities, who respond to the vulnerability criteria to carry out specific livelihood projects. This support could include legal support, and access to wash facilities and land provided by municipalities and/or the national government.
In addition, IOM will support local entities working on migration and relevant local stakeholders to increase their capacities to provide essential services to vulnerable populations and lay the foundations for durable solutions, lasting peace and sustainable development.
Under Durable Solutions, in 2023 IOM Honduras will:
- Provide technical, coordination and planning support to the Honduras Government on reconstruction, reparation, housing, land and property rights and planned relocations, land planning, to pave the path, both politically and socially, for providing durable solutions for displaced households or households at risk.
- In partnership with international and local NGOs, support community/owner-driven house repairs through a combination of technical assistance, awareness-raising/training on safe construction, construction materials, labour and conditional cash support for reconstruction.
Strengthen preparedness and reduce disaster risk
To support the government in disaster prevention, IOM will conduct hazard/risk assessments in 10 municipalities and support the development of mass evacuation plans for communities at risk of displacement, following the recommendations of COPECO and considerations for potential migrants living in these communities, following the Migrants in Countries in Crisis (MICIC) guidelines. In addition, IOM will implement community-based and migrant-inclusive DRR programmes, remittances for climate adaptation and rural development and migration-sensitive climate adaptation efforts in at least five municipalities.
In order to support the Honduras Government in disaster prevention, IOM will conduct hazard/risk assessments in ten communities and support the development of Mass Evacuation plans for communities at risk of displacement, following the recommendations of COPECO and considerations for potential migrants living in those communities following the MICIC guidelines. In addition, IOM will provide support in developing the preparedness capacities of government and non-government partners in humanitarian response and assisting vulnerable populations and provide support for populations who are likely to be severely affected by the impact of disasters and crises. IOM’s initiatives will include:
- Providing trainings on disaster risk reduction (DRR) in line with MICIC Guidelines and other internationally recognized standards, to crisis-affected communities as part of CCCM and evacuation, shelter response and recovery programmes, mainstreaming protection principles and durable solutions.
- Supporting the draft, review and update of local policies on disaster risk reduction and management and local climate change adaptation plans and strengthening the implementation capacities of local actors through the provision of training, equipment and tools.
- Conducting research and actions related to Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and contributing to the generation of relevant science-based evidence and utilization of local knowledge to inform the government’s policies and programmes, and multi-sectoral programmes (i.e. food security-WASH-climate change, DTM-community stabilization) with other development partners including UN agencies and CSO partners.
- Conducting advocacy work for policies and research related to CCA in Honduras linked to human mobility.
- Conducting consultations with communities vulnerable to climate risk to develop community action plans that identify localized climate adaptation strategies, and providing technical assistance to implement these plans.
- Supporting at-risk communities and individuals to mainstream climate-smart, green livelihood strategies, including through the set-up of community-based climate risk monitoring and early warning systems.
IOM will perform a Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative (CADRI) Assessment since IOM is the global co-chair of the CADRI inter-agency partnership that helps countries reduce disaster and climate risks through providing access to a unique pool of multidisciplinary expertise in various socio-economic sectors to achieve the 2030 Agenda and leave no one behind.
IOM will support emergency public health risk reduction and prevention measures linked to disaster response activities; building health system capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease outbreaks and health threats, including through the strengthening of disease surveillance systems and population mobility mapping (PMM) to foster a migration-sensitive approach to preparedness and risk reduction, as well as community events-based surveillance, data collection and ensuring information is integrated into national surveillance and reporting mechanisms.
Through the CCCM Cluster in Honduras, IOM is planning to:
- Strengthen the preparedness of selected (vulnerable) municipalities by profiling the emergency shelter capacity and upgrading at least 40 collective/emergency shelters, developing community evacuation plans, emergency response training of communities and improving access to data.
- Preposition and store NFIs (including tarpaulins, fasteners, kitchen sets, mats, solar lamps, tools, etc.) for at least 20,000 persons in warehouses in Panama.
- Support COPECO and the UN system with all aspects of human mobility in emergencies, including the development of policies and protocols around planned relocations, mass evacuations, and emergency shelters, contributing to the development of regional and subregional UN contingency plans with a focus on Shelter, CCCM, WASH, and Protection.
- Play an active role in coordination platforms such as the Latin American and Caribbean Network of Environmental Funds (REDLAC) and Humanitarian Country Team during emergencies.
Supporting WASH preparedness in relevant municipalities, IOM will:
- Provide hygiene kits for at least 10,000 households, storing this humanitarian aid in the warehouse in Panama.
Contribute to an Evidence Based and Efficient Crisis Response System
IOM will strengthen partnerships with COPECO and INM in order to promote the availability of timely information on internally displaced populations due to natural disasters, as well as mixed population flows. IOM will support the government's capacities to collect, process, analyse and share data for evidence-based decision-making. In addition, IOM will collect information on IDPs and mixed population flows through DTM to inform decision-making. Based on the key role data sharing plays in humanitarian emergencies, data will be promoted with local and central government institutions, Humanitarian Clusters, United Nations agencies, donors, local committees, civil society, and other key stakeholders. Findings will also inform internal IOM programs and project proposal development.
Based on the constant and high impact of natural disasters that affect the country every year, as well as the complex mixed population flows, there is a need to fill in the current information gap. Therefore, it is fundamental to strengthen the capacities of Honduran institutions to collect, process, analyse and share data on displaced populations due to natural disasters and mixed population flows. It is estimated that more than 937,000 people were internally and externally displaced during 2020 due to natural disasters, and 144,000 in 2022. Additionally, it is important to generate information on the link between internal displacement and forced migration, since one preludes the other in some cases. DTM activities will include this key area.
IOM will ensure the strengthening of DTM activities that evolves around two main outcomes:
- Building capacity of government institutions such as COPECO, INM and other relevant stakeholders to collect, process and analyze timely information on displaced populations affected by natural disasters, as well as mixed population flows.
- Developing mechanisms to share timely data collected using DTM methodologies such as multi-sectoral location assessment (MSLA) and multi-sectoral needs assessment (MSNA) on displaced populations with humanitarian actors, taking into account APP and data principles, to better prepare for and respond to emergencies related to natural disasters.
Key stakeholders that will benefit from the data sharing include UN Agencies, Humanitarian Country Team, NGOs, other government institutions, donors and international cooperation, and IOM internal programs and units, among others. Examples of data usage include emergency response plans, resource allocation for humanitarian assistance, development of project proposals, etc.
The map used here is for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.Figures are as of 31 December 2022. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.