In 2023, IOM seeks to respond to the critical needs of conflict-affected populations including internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities through the provision of multisectoral humanitarian assistance. IOM also aims to address complex conflict dynamics by creating the necessary conditions for peaceful coexistence through a holistic and multifaceted response at the local, provincial and national levels. Further, IOM will continue to support the government in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and other epidemics while contributing to strengthening the public health system.
IOM will assist IDPs residing in sites, collective centers as well as in host communities, and the host populations, with a focus on vulnerable groups, with Shelters and Non-food items, services in Water, hygiene and sanitation, Camp coordination camp management, Mental health and psychosocial support and protection activities, particularly as the deteriorating security situation caused by the M23 crisis has continued to cause large-scale displacement and increased humanitarian needs in Eastern DRC. To address needs of the most vulnerable populations and affected communities, IOM will work in close coordination with the humanitarian community through the cluster system and Humanitarian country team, as well as with civil society organizations, NGOs, sister UN agencies and Government counterparts at national and provincial level.
As the co-lead agency of the CCCM cluster and one of the very few actors covering CCCM and site management in the country, IOM will continue to strengthen its interventions in CCCM to ensure that protection and basic services to displaced populations are provided within displacement sites and host communities in Eastern DRC and other affected provinces and that living conditions in sites follow minimum standards. IOM will ensure that the provision of humanitarian assistance is coordinated through the CCCM Cluster, and that sectoral gaps and protection risks are identified in a community-based manner and shared with humanitarian partners for referral, addressing of needs, and/or advocacy. The basis of every humanitarian intervention being a verification of the population in need, including the different needs of different groups of the population, IOM will continue to ensure that data of the population living in sites under IOM's management are regularly updated and that specific needs and vulnerabilities are registered, and site profiles shared with partners for targeted interventions, in line with IOM Data Protection Principles. CCCM interventions will include:
- Ensuring camp management services, and their coordination, are available for displaced populations residing in camps and camps-like settings.
- Ensuring information management on IDPs and sites, including mapping of displacement sites, carrying out registration exercises and monitoring and updating data on new arrivals and departures of IDPs, vulnerability assessments, and intention surveys for durable solutions in coordination with the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Unit.
- Facilitating the establishment of site governance structures, strengthening capacities of IDP committees, and ensuring meaningful participation and representation of women and other groups.
- Supporting respective governmental partners to strengthen their role as camp administrators.
- Implementing site planning/layout or site restructuring to ensure safe and dignified living solutions are in place and set up new sites for protection and assistance to most vulnerable IDPs in spontaneous displacement situations or to decongest collective centres, notably schools, as needed and diligently assessed to be a last resort and not to cause further harm.
- Implementing site planning/layout or site restructuring to ensure safe and dignified living solutions are in place and set up new sites for protection and assistance to most vulnerable IDPs in spontaneous displacement situations or to decongest collective centres, notably schools, as needed and diligently assessed to be a last resort and not to cause further harm. Advocating for land allocation and supporting the joint identification and assessment of suitable land to develop these new sites, while ensuring the newly established sites have exit strategies in place.
- Providing transportation assistance to displaced populations currently hosted in collective centres (schools, churches) to transfer them to existing or new displacement sites.
- Advocating for and coordinating efforts for informed and voluntary return, relocation and/or local integration for displaced populations (durable solutions) and accompanying IDPs towards achieving durable solutions.
- Strengthening capacities in CCCM for communities, humanitarian partners and governmental entities.
- Ensuring the cluster co-coordination role through co-facilitation of the Cluster with UNHCR, advocacy and coordination of actors and activities, including through coaching and capacity building, at national and provincial levels.
IOM DRC will continue implementing context-specific shelter interventions in displacement sites, host communities and areas of return/resettlement to support a minimum standard of dignified and safe living conditions, minimize health-related risks, and reduce protection risks, including gender-based violence (GBV). Based on community-based needs assessments, in 2023, IOM will continue targeting the most vulnerable IDPs residing in sites and in host communities in eastern DRC and affected provinces to provide them with emergency and transitional shelter solutions and non-food items (NFI) kits through various modalities, including in-kind and/or cash-based assistance. IOM will:
IOM DRC will expand its WASH interventions to continue improving access to quality and safe WASH services for conflict-affected populations, as well as tackling the risk of outbreaks and water-borne diseases and improving hygiene practices in displacement sites, host communities and in areas of return as well as in communities affected by epidemics in eastern DRC and other affected provinces. Interventions that will integrate protection and gender-based violence (GBV) mitigation measures and promote accessibility, will include:
- Ensure construction and/or rehabilitation of handwashing stations, showers, and latrines separated by gender, and equipped with locks and lights to reduce risks of GBV; as well as decommissioning of emergency sanitation facilities.
- Build and/or rehabilitate water systems or networks notably with solar energy for water distribution; including boreholes, the construction/rehabilitation of water networks from water sources and mobilize water trucking, as necessary;
- Ensure engagement and participation of the affected populations throughout the planning, construction, as well as maintenance of infrastructures, especially through community-based WASH committees in displacement sites;
- Carry-out hygiene promotion activities in displacement sites based on a thorough understanding of hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practices of IDPs and host communities to minimize risks of waterborne diseases;
- Provide WASH support in schools, in health facilities and at health screening points (point of entry-PoE, point of control-PoC);
- Provide hygiene kits to displaced populations as well as Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) Kits to displaced women and girls of menstruating age (between the ages of 12 and 49);
- Strengthen the capacity of IOM personnel, partners, and committees, to ensure effective operation and quality of WASH infrastructures.
IOM will provide community-based mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) services to conflict-affected communities with a focus on services which ensure a strengthened protection environment. All activities will be in line with the IASC MHPSS Guidelines in Emergency Settings (2007) and the IOM Manual on Community-Based MHPSS in Emergencies and Displacement (2021). Interventions will include:
In a context of extreme violence with frequent human rights violations, IOM will contribute to the overall protection response through various activities. IOM will:
- Promote protection and improve the well-being of crisis-affected vulnerable communities in sites by ensuring that people in need have access to quality protection services in a dignified manner, supporting the establishment or strengthening of protection committees in coordination with the Protection Cluster and assisting the protection committees with appropriate tools and capacity-building initiatives to enhance community-based protection structures.
- Ensure the mitigation of protection/gender-based violence (GBV) risks through the provision of trainings/capacity building on protection and GBV, safety audits, and assessments, ensuring that protection, disability inclusion, GBV prevention and response and protection against sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA) are mainstreamed throughout IOM’s response. Particular attention will be given to effective participation and empowerment of the community, ensuring that Complaint and Feedback Mechanisms (CFM) and other reporting mechanisms related to PSEA and the Child Safeguarding Policy are in place to prevent misconduct and guarantee accountability to the affected population, in line with the IOM AAP Framework.
- PSEA will remain a key priority for the mission with a dedicated staff joining in early 2023 who will coordinate the training of all IOM staff and partners, lead sensitization campaigns among communities and contribute to inter-agency efforts.
- Provide support to women and girls, including through addressing GBV, in line with IOM’s Institutional Framework to address GBV in crisis and distribute dignity kits to the most vulnerable women and girls.
- Combat trafficking in persons (TiP) in crises, through the support of the National Agency for the Fight and Prevention of Human Trafficking for the development of a national strategy against TIP for conflict-affected communities, the mapping of services available, awareness-raising among communities at-risk and capacity-building of key government and non-government stakeholders.
IOM will reinforce its border management programming by assessing capacity and supporting measures for border officials on humanitarian border management. IOM will:
- Strengthen capacities of border officials on humanitarian border management, human trafficking, counter smuggling of migrants in crisis scenarios, international protection standards, child protection, and GBV prevention;
- Reinforce awareness and adherence to refugee law including the 1969 Organization of African Unity (OAU) on refugees by ensuring appropriate application in contexts of complex and mixed movements and backed by technical guidance on inspection, screening, and referrals;
- Support the establishment of communication channels and entry points for cooperative agreements between States, ie. Angola, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda), to maintain open borders and facilitate the movement of humanitarian goods and personnel;
- Operationalize the curriculum on gender, human rights and border management already developed by IOM (through capacity building of law enforcement, and migration officials).
Address the drivers and longer-term impacts of crises and displacement, supporting durable solutions and investing in crisis prevention
Conflict displaced populations and/or communities affected by natural hazards, including IDPs, returnees, and host communities. IOM will also target former combatants and their dependents, as well as communities of return to address their needs and support community-based reintegration and reconciliation. People living in mining sites, with a focus on vulnerable populations such as youths and women, will be also targeted through programmes focussing on promoting local security, responsible minerals trade and good governance.
To address underlying causes of conflict, IOM will work in close coordination with the national and provincial governments, civil society organization, Congolese national police, MONUSCO, and other relevant government entities such as PDDRCS.
IOM's community stabilization programme will continue to employ a coordinated and holistic approach including democratic dialogue, strengthening state authority, return, reintegration, and economic recovery, as well as responsible minerals trade.
In complement to the peacebuilding and peace preservation programming, this programme will be implemented in line with the strategy of the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Recovery, Community and Stabilization Programme (P-DDRCS) of the DRC government.
Strategic components of the programme include:
IOM will continue to support the achievement of durable solutions for IDPs and conflict-affected communities through the provision of immediate and longer-term support, in line with relevant frameworks on displacement, durable solutions, and the humanitarian-development peace nexus approach in the DRC. IOM will implement interventions in line with its Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations (PRDS) framework for a broader and more inclusive approach. Interventions will be built upon the PRDS pillars: (1) protection, safety, and security; (2) an adequate standard of living (access to adequate food, water, sanitation and hygiene, housing, health services and education); (3) access to sustainable livelihoods; and (4) inclusive governance. These initiatives will include:
IOM will develop a MHPSS strategy to complement the transition and recovery programme in post-crisis communities. Initiatives will include:
In complement to its community stabilization projects and based on the lessons learned from IOM’s durable solutions approach, IOM will strengthen and expand its Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration, Reconciliation and Resettlement (DD/RRR) programming. The programming will use a community-based approach in line with the national and provincial operational strategies of the DRC Government’s Disarmament, Demobilization, and Recovery, Community and Stabilization Programme (P-DDRCS). This will include the following programmatic elements as part of the peacebuilding and peace preservation programme:
- Supporting community-based planning to ensure locally driven, and owned, (re)integration of former combatants based on the local governance processes under the community stabilization programming;
- Implementing rehabilitation/construction of priority community infrastructures through a cash-for-work approach for early economic recovery and as symbolic reparations for conflict-affected communities;
- Providing community-based and community-centred socio-economic (re)integration support to ex-combatants and their dependents;
- Supporting voluntary repatriation and resettlement of foreign ex-combatants and their dependents;
- Supporting provincial, national and regional coordination mechanisms to facilitate effective planning, implementation and monitoring of community-based reintegration of ex-combatants and their dependents;
- Based on the lessons learned of durable solutions programming, employ the DTM durable solutions index for data-driven programming according to local needs and priorities.
IOM will support the implementation of the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) to prevent or mitigate the impact of outbreaks and public health hazards, rapidly detect and report outbreaks when they occur, and employ an interconnected global network that can respond effectively to limit the spread of infectious disease outbreaks in humans and animals, mitigate human suffering and the loss of human life, and reduce economic impact. This will include efforts to:
To mitigate the impact of climate, natural hazards, and public health events with international concern, IOM will support the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Interior, and Civil protection as well as national NGOs and civil society organizations to strengthen preparedness and disaster risk reduction. Initiatives will target health officials working at points of entry and health facilities at borders and along major mobility routes, leaders of communities affected by disaster, public health outbreaks, and climate risk.
IOM will support the Ministry of Health to develop emergency preparedness plans, including identifying emergency public health risk reduction and prevention measures, and foster a migration-sensitive approach to preparedness and risk reduction in line with and based on the IOM Health Border and Mobility Management (HBMM) Framework. The intervention will include:
IOM provides support in participating in the development of the preparedness capacity of government and non-government partners in humanitarian response and assisting vulnerable populations who are likely to be severely affected by the impact of disasters and crises. IOM’s initiatives will include:
IOM will collect, analyse, and disseminate data on all displaced populations in DRC in 2023 and share the updates with partners from the Government, the national and international NGOs, development, and health actors as well as the humanitarian community.
In 2023, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) will continue tracking and monitoring populations’ movements across DRC. The DTM response will focus on providing mobility tracking, event tracking, site assessment, flow monitoring and registration activities to support IOM’s internal emergency intervention as well as in response to partner requests for data, especially for humanitarian and early recovery planning and programming, positioning DTM in DRC as the main or only provider/source of mobility and displacement data in the country. Information products including beneficiary lists, maps, population data and information on needs and gaps in service provision, in accordance with IOM’s data protection principles will be shared timely with humanitarian actors via the DTM mailing list and the Information Management Working Group, as well as uploaded on the DTM webpage. IOM aims to continue expanding different components of its DTM, focusing on mobility tracking, registration of IDPs including biometrically when required, surveys and assessments, including on intentions vis-a-vis durable solutions and vulnerability assessments, in close coordination with the CCCM Cluster, flow monitoring, and emergency tracking. Interventions will include:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The map used here is for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.Figures are as of 31 December 2022. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.