IOM in the North Pacific strives to save lives by building the resilience of the region to the increasing hazards and vulnerabilities facing Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS). IOM seeks to work closely with populations of concern, government, and civil society to mitigate risks to safety, security, human rights, and the well-being of Micronesian people while supporting progress towards strengthened disaster prevention and emergency preparedness.
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
IOM will support communities impacted by disasters, with a particular focus on outer island communities that are particularly vulnerable to internal displacement within the region, and the Governments of the Republic of Palau, Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, including national, state, and local authorities, to be more resilient to hazard events and better prepare and respond as outlined in respective Frameworks and Plans.
IOM will focus on community stabilization in order to support stability and security, and reduce further forced migration, through culturally appropriate and socially inclusive reconstruction assistance following disasters and emergencies. Communities directly impacted by Typhoon Wutip and those in need of immediate support will be targeted. Planned interventions include:
- Increasing access to a dignified living space by rebuilding damaged and destroyed housing to support households to live in conditions of safety and privacy;
- Facilitating the safe relocation of affected populations as necessary and the protection of housing, land, and property (HLP) rights, including the facilitation of vulnerable groups in related decision-making processes;
- Ensuring more resilient infrastructure with build-back-better techniques including rainwater harvesting system upgrades;
- Rehabilitation of emergency evacuation shelters to be more resilient to hazard events and public utilities to sustain long-term economic development;
- Rehabilitation of health infrastructure including hospitals, dispensaries, and community health clinics to support community needs and decentralisation of care;
- Community Working Groups with on-the-job learning to local labourers;
- Cash-Based Interventions (CBI) to empower outer island communities in the decision-making process, tailoring materials to their shelter needs.
IOM will support COVID-19 preparedness activities, as well as addressing the socio-economic impacts of the crisis. Food insecurity, water insecurity, and inadequate health facilities are chronic vulnerabilities facing the communities and have been exacerbated during the pandemic. In response IOM will:
- Work to strengthen resilience and mitigate the impacts through health system strengthening, improvements to WASH, food security programs, and RCCE activities;
- Ensure widespread vaccine coverage including to the remote outer islands will require substantial coordinated efforts, including through procurement, logistics, and public awareness campaigns.
IOM will support communities impacted by disasters, with a particular focus on outer island communities that are particularly vulnerable to internal displacement within the region, and the Governments of the Republic of Palau, Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, including national, state, and local authorities, to: (i) build capacity to better prepare for, respond and be more resilient to hazard events and disasters; ii) include and mainstream disaster preparedness, response, and risk reduction.
IOM will empower communities and governments of the North Pacific, including national, state, and local authorities, to lead disaster prevention activities. This will be done through:
- Building technical expertise in governments and community service organizations in preparedness and implementation including strengthening disaster risk reduction plans, policies, strategies, and curricula while also leading comprehensive tabletop exercises and simulations;
- Improving water security in outer islands and atolls, including increasing rainwater harvesting and storage capacities with the implementation of a comprehensive Operations and Maintenance (O&M) program including training, cleaning, surveillance, and repair;
- Strengthening food security in outer islands and atolls, including agroforestry, trainings, tools, and community events to rehabilitate agriculture areas and improve soil productivity;
- Creating sustainable food production opportunities, including a focus on coastal fisheries value chains;
- Supporting the establishment/strengthening of an early warning alert response system;
- Organizing a Government stakeholder mentorship programme to strengthen capacities to perform an equitable provision of essential services and integration of build-back-better measures.
IOM will support communities, community service organizations, UN partners, and governments of the North Pacific, including national, state, and local authorities, in emergency preparedness through capacity building and technical expertise by:
- Equipping communities with the skills to actively mitigate the impact of hazards including material resources for shelter, communication and WASH;
- Strengthening information management for a more effective response;
- Upgrading emergency communication equipment and hardware skillsets;
- Mobilizing resources, prepositioning and warehousing;
- Developing logistics for rapid delivery of emergency supplies and damage assessments;
- Prior to a likely disaster, updating and testing response structures for increased coordination capabilities.
Micronesia (Federated States of), Marshall Islands, Palau
Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.