IOM Chad is actively working on creating space to implement transitional programs across various emergency situations in the country. The Country Office is sharpening its focus on the humanitarian-development-peace nexus. Specifically, IOM Chad works in support of displaced communities in remote and border regions to provide life-saving humanitarian assistance and to support the Government of Chad in identifying opportunities to address short-term displacement while progressively resolving protracted displacement situations. To this end, IOM is increasingly orienting its programming towards community stabilization, peacebuilding, and integrated holistic community development, particularly along the borders with Libya, the Central African Republic, and in the Lake Chad Basin area in order to address displacement drivers and ensure an integrated response. In parallel, IOM continues to develop its response to short-term displacement situations, notably due to natural hazard, through lifesaving assistance as well as mitigation and disaster risk reduction activities. IOM's initiatives aim to not only respond to lifesaving needs but also enable beneficiaries, communities and authorities to proactively and sustainably plan, design and participate in programmes to allow a seamless transition and limit dependence on humanitarian aid.
IOM's shelter interventions will include:
- Provision of SNFI Cluster-approved shelter kits to newly-displaced persons and persons in protracted displacement situations in the Lac Province, according to needs and context assessments.
IOM's mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) interventions will include:
- Conduct training for community leaders and first responders on the provision of Psychological First Aid (PFA).
- Create “safe spaces” for community members to gather and discuss and/or meet with the service providers for example through creation/support centres, specifically in border areas along the borders with the Central African Republic, Niger, Libya, Cameroon, and the Lac region, based on identified context and established practices as identified through needs/context assessments prior to project implementation.
- Provide training on mechanisms to respond and prevent GBV for government, local authorities, community members and organizations; including referrals to existing referral mechanisms.
- All MHPSS activities will be in line with the IOM Manual on Community-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies and Displacement.
IOM's health support initiatives will include:
- Supporting COVID-19 related efforts at points of entry (POE), including building and maintaining isolation facilities, providing protective equipment, conducting risk communication, assisting migrants in quarantine with WASH and hygiene services, and building capacities of POE government response teams including on protection questions such as victim of trafficking (VoT) referral mechanisms and GBV.
- Prevention and control of epidemic-prone diseases, especially in IDP sites; if necessary, this support can be extended to other infectious diseases beyond COVID.
IOM will provide humanitarian assistance to stranded migrants and stranded returnees in the north of Chad through:
- Provision of shelter for stranded returnees (e.g. communal shelters, respecting gender separation) through transit centre management and, if required, safe houses for women and girls.
- WASH, provision of clean water and toilets.
- Provision of basic NFI, blankets, buckets, mosquito nets, clothes, and soap.
- Provision of food during the quarantine/period of the stay.
- Coordination with health authorities on health screening and monitoring during quarantine periods.
- Onward transportation, based on the principles of informed consent. Migrants have access to information about assistance options and transport is provided through public transport, given the geographic location of the migrant referral points in northern Chad and the absence of sufficient infrastructure. IOM works in close collaboration with local health providers for pre-departure visual medical checks and local authorities for possible referrals of specific protection cases.
- COVID-19 based support to points of entry (POEs), and management of isolation facilities for stranded migrants.
IOM's protection initiatives will include:
- Providing training on mechanisms to respond to, mitigate risks of and prevent GBV for government, local authorities, community members, and organizations in coordination with other involved partners, building on established referral mechanisms.
- Conducting participatory community assessment on the perception of needs of women and girls within the community to sustainably address questions of GBV within the community and provide targeted support to survivors.
- Conducting protection assessments and analyses to address protection risks and develop programming based on evidence, focused on community-developed response mechanisms adapted to the local context and local best practices.
- Addressing trafficking in persons by supporting good governance of migration, providing access to the justice system and assistance to the government for border control, while conducting awareness and sensitisation, and covering protection needs of people in need.
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
Persons in protracted displacement situations in the Lac Province and South of Chad.
IOM will support communities in addressing the root causes of instability by:
- Providing access to community decision-making structures for all community members (including women, youth, migrants, mobile populations, traditional and administrative authorities).
- Providing alternative means of livelihood and participating in decision-making processes in Chad’s border regions, building on Do No Harm principles.
- Enhancing institutional capacities to secure and manage Chadian borders by strengthening the engagement with communities and developing more coherent approaches to border management.
- Supporting communities and authorities to provide identity documents management access as the basis for civic engagement in the country.
- Supporting community-based natural resource management mechanisms focused on safe and dignified labour conditions, equitable access and linkages with the national natural resource management structures by supporting local mediation and peacebuilding efforts for communities in the centre-north, where appropriate.
- Organising social cohesion activities for communities in the south along the transhumance corridor, to work with local governance structures in communities where transhumance movements may trigger tensions with resident communities. Communities will further benefit from monitoring through the transhumance tracking tool.
IOM's food security programme in southern Chad will:
- Support provision of cash to supplement food distribution through cash-for-work rotations for approximately 5,000 remaining cash for work beneficiaries through an ongoing project launched in 2018.
Note: This activity is already fully funded.
IOM's peacebuilding and peace preservation initiatives will include:
- Supporting communities in centre and northern Chad to address displacement drivers by providing alternative means of livelihood for youth, supporting youth engagement in community processes, and enhancing access to information. This project is funded by the Peacebuilding Fund and is implemented jointly with WFP. The project works with youth associations to build capacities for economic livelihood and conflict resolution in Borkou, Batha, and Barh El Gazal. The project is being implemented from 2020-2022.
- Through an innovative community-based project, funded by the Peacebuilding Fund and implemented jointly by IOM and Humanity and Inclusion in Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti, the project aims to support community-based natural resource management by engaging with the committee of traditional authorities, youth and women to develop strategies for sustainable, peaceful and conscientious natural resource management. The project is being implemented from 2021-2023.
People at risk of being displaced or affected by disasters, notably for risks related to natural hazards, and local authorities.
IOM's emergency preparedness initiatives will include:
- Supporting the establishment of community contingency planning, ensuring the equal participation of women, persons with a disability, and the elderly.
IOM will support local authorities and the Directorate for Civil Protection to reduce the risk of natural disasters through:
- Small-scale infrastructural mitigation works.
- Mapping of potential risks and safe areas along identified hazardous zones (i.e. prone to the risk of flooding and wildfires).
- Building capacity of knowledge management within the government response mechanisms.
- Supporting communities to understand risks and preventative practices.
- Developing an Early Warning System on meteorological hazards.
Humanitarian and nexus/development actors active in the wider response in the Lac Province.
IOM's displacement tracking initiatives will include:
- Displacement tracking in the Lake Province (e.g. rounds of data collection using a mobility tracking methodology to estimate displacement volumes and needs).
- Emergency Tracking Tools for sudden displacements country-wide (e.g. rapid data collection triggered by sudden displacement and generating short situational snapshots).
- Return intention surveys among IDPs in the Lac province (e.g. individual surveys among IDPs and returnees collecting information on return intentions).
- Flow Monitoring of people on the move in the Northern Provinces (i.e. border with Libya) (e.g. daily data collection on migration flows and profiles in key transit areas).
- Stability Index to identify areas where recovery is feasible in the Lake Chad Basin area (e.g. data collection in the main displacement-affected areas on transition and development indicators to identify levels of stability).
- Reports and research for the direct benefit of the government and the humanitarian community, such as needs assessments or alert systems on which to base humanitarian responses.
- Using the Transhumance Tracking Tool (TTT) in order to reduce tensions linked to resource management and conflict surrounding transhumance movements in the south, IOM plans further interventions to collect data on transhumance and agro-pastoral conflicts.
Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.