IOM intends to provide multisectoral humanitarian assistance to conflict and disaster-affected populations in the Central African Republic (CAR) and support communities transitioning out of conflict to help generate early peace dividends and social cohesion while promoting durable solutions tailored to the local needs and priorities of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and communities.
- IDPs (recently displaced and at high risk of protracted displacement);
- Vulnerable host communities in areas of displacement and communities of return where services are inadequate or overstretched;
- Returning IDPs, survivors of human rights violations including gender-based violence;
- Local actors providing humanitarian services (300 local actors trained);
- Humanitarian organizations.
IOM will provide camp coordination and camp management support to the Government as a CCCM cluster co-lead in Central African Republic (CAR). Based on identified needs, IOM will propose emergency responses to improve the living conditions of displaced populations affected by conflict/natural disasters in camps, camp-like settings, and host communities. IOM's initiatives will include:
- Reinforcing camp coordination and camp management mechanisms in existing camps or in out of camps areas;
- Building capacities of all actors on CCCM and advocating for well-planned and dignified camp consolidation and closure process, and respect of the IDPs' freedom of movement;
- Using DTM approaches, identifying and profiling IOM beneficiaries in displacement sites and host communities to facilitate correct targeting and identify specific needs and vulnerabilities of displaced people;
- Coordinating as co-lead the CCCM/shelter/NFI cluster and strengthening the capacities of camp management actors.
IOM intends to respond to the priority needs of people affected by recent humanitarian shocks. IOM will ensure sufficient stock of emergency kits in the field (including emergency shelter, non-food items, hygiene kits) to immediately respond to any type of emergency and population movement and to contribute to ensuring the human dignity of people affected by prolonged displacement. IOM's initiatives will include:
- Providing NFI and emergency shelter kits to vulnerable families affected by recent shocks (IDPs - in sites and host communities, returnees, and vulnerable host community households) living in critical or substandard shelters in informal sites and areas of return, through in-kind or cash assistance;
- Improving living conditions in camps/camp like settings and host communities through distribution of emergency shelter kits, non-food items and hygiene kits to IDPs and returnees;
- Developing information, education, and communication (IEC) materials which help to communicate technical messages to beneficiaries for the shelter kits;
- Improving the living conditions of vulnerable households (returnees) through the rehabilitation of and substandard housing to support conditions of safety, privacy and dignity.
- Ensuring sufficient stock of emergency kits in the field (NFI, shelter and hygiene kits) to be able to respond to the needs rapidly following a shock (conflict related or disasters related to natural hazards);
Throughout the implementation of the shelter interventions protection will be mainstreamed and mitigation measures to prevent GBV will be put in place.
Interventions will focus on providing protection services to create a safe environment preventing negative coping mechanisms and to uphold the rights of affected populations while displaced or to access durable solutions. IOM's initiatives will include:
- Providing direct assistance to victims/survivors of violence (gender-based violence, trafficking in persons, and so on) including people living with disabilities including through cash-based interventions;
- Raising awareness on gender-based violence and diverse forms of exploitation among at-risk population;
- Building counter-trafficking, gender-based violence, protection and protection mainstreaming capacity among humanitarian actors and authorities;
- Ensuring that protection is mainstreamed in all of IOM’s interventions through training of staff on protection’s principles, adapting interventions’ design to better include the needs of vulnerable groups;
- Ensuring a robust approach to responding to and preventing sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA) by organizing training/awareness raising sessions.
IOM aims to contribute to the improvement of the well-being and resilience of displaced households by:
- Improving household access to essential needs, increasing access to productive assets, income, and livelihoods, reducing erosive coping strategies used by households through the distribution of unconditional multipurpose cash transfers following the guidelines and standards on 2022 CAR minimum expenditure basket (MEB) established by the cash working group.
IOM aims to contribute to the improvement of the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of the affected population and survivors of human rights violations, including GBV, by:
- Providing individual or group psychoeducation sessions;
- Providing individual counselling sessions;
- Supporting the implementation of income generating activities;
- Implementing socio-relational mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) activities such as sport tournaments, art-based activities, and so forth, tailored to each community context;
- Organizing awareness raising sessions for the affected population on mental health and coping mechanisms;
- Training local authorities and community leaders on psychological first aid (PFA);
- Building the capacity of medical local actors in detecting signs of distress and taking care of severely distressed individuals, for instance through PFA and referrals to MHPSS services;
- Supporting awareness raising activities on prevention and mitigation of COVID-19 and COVID-19 induced stress.
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
- IDPs and returning IDPs;
- Host communities, notably in areas of return and agropastoral communities;
- Survivors of human rights violations including gender-based violence;
- Government authorities, community leaders, civil society organizations and NGOs;
- Youth with conflict carrying capacities;
- Former combatants.
As displaced populations continue to return to their places of origin despite the post-electoral crisis, there is an urgent and significant need to support recovery efforts and build community resilience to address the factors that triggered the forced displacement. In line with the principles of the IOM Progressive Resolution of Displacement Framework (PRDS), IOM will operate in areas of return deemed poised for longer-term sustainable recovery aiming to improve access to basic social services, restore infrastructure, promote socio-economic recovery, including through support to social cohesion, local governance restoration, and through renewing access to livelihoods and to greater economic opportunities. IOM is an active partner of the Durable Solution Working Group in CAR and contributes to enrich the discussions within the sectors. IOM's initiatives will include:
- Conducting DTM durable solutions assessments to identify challenges related to the integration of returnees, identify host community needs and priority areas of sustainable assistance in vulnerable areas of return;
- Constructing sustainable shelters and distributing NFI kits;
- Improving livelihoods of returnee communities through cash for work activities and unconditional multipurpose cash transfers, restoring infrastructures, and promoting social cohesion;
- Improving access to protection services.
Interventions will focus on providing MHPSS activities and social cohesion activities to allow for recovery within the community and build resilience to shocks, including:
- Organizing community-based sociorelational MHPSS activities to promote social cohesion and recovery. Those activities could involve art, sport, cultural activities, depending on the needs and selections of community members;
- Organizing awareness raising and community dialogue activities to prevent community-level conflict related to human mobility, especially in the border regions.
IOM will continue to consolidate its community stabilization activities and will focus on engaging in new locations to support the fragile peace process and address drivers of instability. This will involve the strengthening of local peace building capacities and the constructive and professional engagement of young people who consider violence (enrolment into armed groups) as the only alternative to survival, creating positive change in the socio–economic status of their respective communities. This will ensure that the target population (youth, local authorities, women, traditional and religious groups, and so forth) can contribute to the peace process through their participation in prioritized community projects. This will include:
- Enhancing the quality of skills training and contributing to improving skills training centers of local enterprises;
- Supporting the enrolment of youth into skills training programs and develop new economic opportunities/skill sets in line with community needs;
- Reinforcing coordination between the state, local enterprises and skills training centers to ensure that skills set matches the needs on the job market;
- Contributing to building the capacity of local authorities in social cohesion and peaceful coexistence, conflict prevention and conflict resolution with the aim of building/increasing the confidence between the local authorities and their respective communities;
- Contributing to the construction/rehabilitation of prioritized community infrastructures through community participation.
Community violence reduction (CVR) initiatives will complement community stabilization (CS) activities as they aim to improve security and contribute to the protection of civilians at the local level, through the economic and social reinsertion of individuals associated with armed groups, non–eligible to the national DDR programme, and community members, with a specific focus on youth with conflict carrying capacities and women. CVR and CS activities constitute an essential grassroot community engagement tool to prevent and reduce inter and intra–communal and agro-pastoral conflicts/violence in key hotspots, revitalize local economies, and promote peaceful coexistence and social cohesion, thereby contributing to the protection of civilians and the creation of a secure environment. IOM will continue to promote a common approach and strategy (in terms of harmonizing and consolidating programme activities) for community stabilization and violence reduction projects in CAR. This is to ensure that project methodologies and procedures are followed for all programme activities regardless of the areas of intervention. This will include improving the security situation in targeted areas through:
- Resocialization of direct beneficiaries (youth at risk and former elements of armed groups non eligible in the national DDR programme);
- Economic reintegration of direct beneficiaries through viable, market verified income generating activities;
- Promotion of reconciliation, social cohesion, peaceful resolution of conflicts at community level;
- Promoting peaceful transhumance by strengthening conflict prevention mechanisms in localities where transhumance hot spots are located;
- Building the capacity of relevant local structures for sustainable engagements of communities;
- Revitalizing transhumance early warning mechanisms and improving the collection and management of information on pastoralism and transhumance;
- Promoting social cohesion and reviving the economy of agropastoral communities;
- Raising awareness and engaging the population in the fight against GBV;
- Continuing to support and strengthening the capacities of local and territorial authorities to identify community priorities in agropastoral contexts in order to contribute to local peace and development plans reducing the risks of potential conflicts.
Government entities and humanitarian organizations, members of the humanitarian fora in Central African Republic, as well as durable solutions and development actors.
- IDPs and returning IDPs;
- Agropastoral communities.
The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is an information management system to monitor population displacement and identify their needs in order to inform decision makers and support the delivery of an appropriate response. DTM has been active in CAR for over eight years and provides a reliable and regularly updated evidence base used by humanitarian actors to inform programming and response. Thanks to its strong presence and it recognized experience in displacement tracking in the country, DTM is a valuable asset to inform the humanitarian community about new displacement dynamics and trends. IOM's initiatives will include:
- Expanding mobility tracking (MT) assessments: mobility tracking will aim to regularly provide in defined locations an estimate of the number and profile of IDPs and returnees as well as an overview of their needs and living conditions in order to support, among others, advocacy, humanitarian response and early recovery and crisis prevention programs;
- Scaling-up the emergency tracking tool (ETT): through its emergency tracking, DTM will provide humanitarian and governmental actors timely data on the number and needs of individuals displaced due to recent shocks (such as drought, flood, conflicts);
- Conducting return intention surveys (RIS): these households surveys will be carried out in sites and communities hosting IDPs. The objective of these surveys is to understand the future intentions of displaced households and the extent to which they plan on returning to return to their places of origin or leave the site for a more durable solution. The information gathered during these surveys will allow relevant actors (humanitarian community/durable solution actors) to propose interventions more in line with the needs and future intentions of displaced people.
- Implementing the transhumance tracking tool (TTT) to monitor cross-border transhumance flows in the western region on the borders with Cameroon and the northern region on the border with Chad, with the goal of providing evidence-based information and trends on transhumance. The TTT is made up of several sub-tools and activities:
- Carrying out iterative mapping of transhumance corridors, livestock markets, water points and other agropastoral infrastructure;
- Collecting data along transhumance routes in order to provide information on the size of herds and types of animals which make up herds, the number and profile of herders accompanying cattle, as well as the provenance and origin, duration of journey and the destination of the herds in order to provide an estimate of the extent of transhumant movement on the corridors and to provide a clearer understanding of transhumance routes in CAR.
- Developing and implementing an early warning mechanism to identify and monitor transhumance movements of herders and their flocks in targeted areas, within which potential conflict "hotspots" or threat of natural disaster are located and inform the humanitarian community where to orient their preparedness and response actions. In addition, the early warning mechanism will also identify, in targeted areas, transhumance-related and agropastoral conflicts that have arisen, information which will then be shared with authorities and other stakeholders in order to carry out an intervention to resolve the dispute and mitigate the impact of the conflict.
Central African Republic
Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.