Pakistan Crisis Response Plan 2023 - 2025

Last updated: December 23 2022
$121,700,000
Funding required
7,019,500
People Targeted

IOM Vision

IOM Pakistan strives to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity in Pakistan by supporting safe and dignified living conditions for people in situations of displacement due to disasters and conflict while supporting progress toward durable solutions and recovery by focusing on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation measures. IOM will continue to respond to crises when assistance is requested by the Government and will work with civil society actors to create conditions for economic recovery, stabilization, social cohesion, peacebuilding, and preparedness for large-scale natural hazards.


Objective
Save lives and respond to needs through humanitarian assistance and protection

$89,700,000
Funding required
5,739,500
People Targeted
18
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community, Refugee
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM will focus its humanitarian assistance on 

  • Internally displaced persons, including those temporarily displaced due to the floods, unwilling or unable to return. The majority of the temporarily displaced in acute need are located out-of-camp, whether in informal sites, host communities, rural or urban areas. Similarly, temporarily displaced persons remaining in relief camps (managed by the GoP) face barriers to return and are still in need of assistance; 
  • Migrants, including Afghan nationals in Pakistan who, due to insecurity among other causes, are not able to return or move to another location. The majority of Afghan nationals face acute protection, health, and livelihood needs. IOM will work with ACC holders and unregistered Afghans out of camps and relevant authorities; 
  • Vulnerable host communities in areas of displacement; and 
  • Temporarily displaced persons who have returned to affected areas, but are facing severe conditions such as safety, lack of shelter, damage to properties and public infrastructure, and limited access to services and livelihood opportunities. 

IOM will also maintain its capacity to respond to sudden displacements caused by violence, instability, disasters, or any other cause.

Basic needs, including food

IOM will assist highly vulnerable households in locations of displacement and in areas of origin with:

  • Provision of Multi-purpose Cash Assistance (MPCA), in line with the principles of the Cash Working Group, to vulnerable households, which can be used to cover basic needs and to reduce negative coping mechanisms.

IOM will maintain its capacities for rapid intervention through:

  • Provision of Emergency Cash, especially for those having multiple needs and to cope with unforeseen shocks. IOM will provide cash support for the most vulnerable households and potentially those newly displaced due to an emergency event.
Funding required
$4,400,000
Plan types

Camp coordination and camp management

IOM is co-leading the Shelter and NFI (S-NFI) sector. Although there is no stand-alone CCCM sector, IOM will provide CCCM technical coordination support through the established S-NFI sector coordination activities and mechanisms. IOM will actively support the coordination of the national and provincial S-NFI and CCCM response in liaison with the authorities, UN agencies, NGOs and other relevant actors to assure coherence in achieving common objectives, ensure efficient service delivery, inform decision-making, avoid gaps and overlaps in the response, as well as to coordinate the development of technical standards. IOM will:
•    Support light interventions/repairs in displacement sites and areas of return, to ensure safer and dignified living conditions (e.g. minor drainage work or light infrastructure repairs). Implementation modalities might include cash for work;
•    Coordinate technical working-group;
•    Support PDMAs and stakeholders involved in CCCM with site planning expertise and with tools related to the monitoring of the level of services within sites, as well as reports on the level of services delivered against relevant standards set by the working group, guidelines and national standards;
•    Deliver targeted CCCM trainings and/or capacity building exercises at provincial and/or district levels. General training sessions will include elements of introduction to CCCM, roles and responsibilities, participatory approach, minimum standards, services provision, camp life cycle, coordination and information management to stakeholders in order to fill the existing technical gaps.
•    Ensure protection mainstreaming across CCCM interventions, and support CCCM stakeholders to understand the different concerns faced by different groups, specifically those most vulnerable (women, girls, persons with disabilities) in camps and camp-like settings. 
 

Funding required
$12,000,000
Plan types

Direct health support

IOM will support the provision of comprehensive health care services to Afghan nationals in Pakistan, migrants in Pakistan, and flood-affected populations through: 

  • Operating mobile clinics for the provision of emergency health services following disasters;
  • Rehabilitating damaged health facilities; and
  • Contribute to referral systems for individuals requiring specialized care, including those facing protection issues or in need of MHPSS assistance.
Funding required
$3,000,000
Plan types

Protection

IOM seeks to address the needs and uphold the rights of migrants, survivors of trafficking, displaced persons, and populations affected by conflict and natural hazards, in both camps, informal sites, and out-of-camp locations by:

  • Providing specialized case management services at the individual and household levels, which include Gender Based Violence (GBV) case management services, but is not limited to that;
  • Undertaking protection risk assessments in some areas of displacement to prepare for protection monitoring and community discussions; 
  • Identification of protection risks and trends through protection monitoring, coordination with other actors, and community consultation, to strengthen evidence-based programming;
  • Raising awareness on trafficking in persons among at-risk communities and frontline service providers, such as humanitarian actors and health workers;
  • Advance the Legal Identity agenda of Afghanistan by supporting access to civil documentation for Pakistanis and Afghan nationals such as birth certification, IF card (CNIC), ACC card, marriage certificate, and house and land ownership certificates.

In addition, IOM will work closely with frontline workers and partners to reduce protection risks by:

  • Ensuring a robust approach to preventing and responding to sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA), including appropriate risk mitigation, prevention, and response measures and ensuring that all staff and partners are trained on how to respond to a disclosure of a SEA incident and how to safely respond to survivors to appropriate services and how to report through IOM’s We Are All In Platform (or other channels, if not IOM) in a confidential manner; 
  • Train staff on how to respond to disclosures of GBV incidents in a safe and ethical manner;
  • Cooperating with border authorities to reduce risks to safety during cross-border crises through preparation, training on rights and vulnerabilities, and technical scale-up;
  • Ensuring that protection is mainstreamed in all of IOM’s interventions through training of staff on protection principles, adapting interventions’ design to better include the needs of vulnerable groups (including people living with disabilities), providing the tools to better address cases and aligning with data protection principles; and
  • Addressing protection risks, including risks of GBV through awareness-raising and access to information in support of safe and dignified access to services across IOM programming.
Funding required
$22,000,000
Plan types

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in emergencies

IOM’s WASH interventions will support those affected by natural hazards, who are in displacement or who have returned, as well as local communities. IOM will focus on:

  • Selection and distribution of hygiene kits in coordination with the WASH sector and selection of WASH kits adequate to the operational context;
  • Hygiene promotion with key messages such as dangers of contaminated water sources for human consumption, use of water treatment products at the household level, boiling of untreated water for drinking, the importance of hand washing at critical times, prevention of vector-borne diseases, and proper use and maintenance of toilet facilities;
  • Rehabilitation of small and medium WASH infrastructure such as water pumps, water pipes, boreholes; and
  • Construction or rehabilitation of latrines, possibly through cash-for-work modalities.
Funding required
$6,300,000
Plan types

Shelter, settlements and non-food items

IOM’s Shelter/NFI interventions will support those affected by disasters, who are in displacement or have returned, and local communities. For shelter assistance, IOM will focus on:

  • Selection and distribution of emergency shelter kits (ropes, tarpaulins, tents, etc.);
  • Selection and distribution of shelter repair kits; and
  • Provision of cash for shelter assistance.

IOM will ensure that target populations are supported in accessing safe, dignified long-term housing solutions to address their shelter needs in a manner that supports community inclusion and promotes social cohesion. For NFI assistance, IOM will focus on:

  • Provision of Basic NFI kits to cover essential NFI needs through in-kind assistance and
  • Winterization through distributions of specific NFI winterization items.

In addition, IOM will maintain the lead of the S/NFI working group and work with local and national partners on an adequate coverage of provinces and districts for emergency preparedness and response support in terms of shelter and NFI needs. It will also coordinate working groups and develop or adapt guidelines on technical issues, such as technical standards for S-NFI kits composition and shelter rehabilitation, and guidelines for the prevention of outbreak diseases in collective living spaces such as cholera and COVID-19.

 

Funding required
$42,000,000
Plan types
Distribution of multipurpose cash assistance in Karachi to Afghan nationals in need of humanitarian assistance. © IOM Pakistan 2022.
Distribution of multipurpose cash assistance in Karachi to Afghan nationals in need of humanitarian assistance. © IOM Pakistan 2022.

Objective
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention

$14,500,000
Funding required
375,000
People Targeted
18
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community, Refugee
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM will maintain and scale up its assistance to populations in displacement and those who have returned to affected areas to address key barriers to integration (in the case of Afghan nationals and flood-affected populations) and return (for flood-affected persons deciding to return) focusing on recovery, social cohesion, disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation. In collaboration with the government and partners, IOM will: 

  • Assist persons still displaced, whether, in camps, informal sites, or other out-of-camp settings, to better assess their situation and support safe and sustainable voluntary returns, or relocation, when the climate/natural environment is conducive; 
  • Support those who have returned and communities in areas of return to access basic services, livelihoods, WASH, health, shelter, and community infrastructure; and
  • Contribute to the capacity-building of government authorities, civil society organizations and NGOs to facilitate community stabilization and social cohesion, and safely govern migration crises at borders.

Community stabilization

IOM will enhance civic engagement, promote social cohesion and extend support for displaced households and communities. IOM provides tailored support for the remote and marginalized communities along the Afghan border, including support where poverty, illiteracy and unemployment are key drivers of instability and community tensions, as well as broader support for mediation and dispute resolution mechanisms.

To achieve these objectives, IOM will:

  • Extensively engage with provincial and district government officials, religious leaders, youth, women and academia. A major component focuses on strengthening capabilities through workshops on Social Cohesion, Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolution;
  • Enhance collaboration, engagement, and capacitating of existing civil society forums which include the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Committee and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Commission on the Status of Women;
  • Provide capacity building to both print and broadcast media, particularly community radio, to strengthen their role in increasing understanding and awareness amongst communities on key topics related to civic engagement, such as – inter alia – gender mainstreaming, government return and rehabilitation plans, and governance reforms;
  • Provide small-scale livelihoods, social enterprise opportunities and market-driven skills development targeting at-risk groups, supplemented by the provision of materials and equipment for small business development through in-kind or cash-based mechanisms;
  • Support youth empowerment and development forums under which youth are provided tailored training to build their capacity, skills, and knowledge to act as proactive agents of change that can contribute to strengthening cohesion within their respective communities;
  • Based on IOM’s Community Engagement & Policing (CEP) programming, build trust and cooperation, and foster communication and interaction between communities and State authorities, primarily law enforcement actors, in order to promote a collaborative approach towards increasing security and order based on the stated needs of the community; and
  • Using quick impact project (QIP) methodology, basic infrastructure such as electricity, schools, and health facilities can be rehabilitated and services can be re-established in communities and access can be enhanced for all affected communities.
Funding required
$10,000,000
Plan types

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in transitional and post-crisis situations

In situations where the right conditions for return are met, IOM will support returns and lay foundations for early recovery, 
•    By repairing existing WASH facilities affected by the floods, including disinfecting and rehabilitating boreholes or wells.
•    IOM will conduct basic training with households to ensure operation and maintenance of water supply and sanitation infrastructure, to support sustainability of the interventions.
•    IOM will also establish Cash-for-Work activities related to WASH, such as transportation and disposal of waste.
The focus of WASH assistance to enhance access to clean and safe water is the repair of WASH infrastructure and facilities that support recovery through a quick impact project (QIP) methodology. However, depending on the locations and needs, IOM may also provide support to meet emergency needs, including temporary measures to support the immediate WASH needs of displaced population. Interventions could include capacity-building of water authorities, reparation of boreholes, maintenance of water stations, etc.
 

Funding required
$2,500,000
Plan types

Restoring housing, land and property rights

IOM will address challenges related to housing, land and property (HLP) issues, including lost or destroyed official papers, houses being occupied by another household or general need for legal assistance, with the aim to remove barriers to return for flood-affected persons who have lost their house or had their house damaged. IOM will:

  • Provide assistance to beneficiaries alongside housing-related interventions. Support includes both representation and information counselling and can be provided either through existing joint community-resource centres or through legal mobile clinics;  
  • Provide assistance to obtain civil documentation, with a focus on IDPs for which official papers were lost or destroyed during the floods;
  • Build the capacity of civil society organizations and government partners, including through the provision of policy guidance, expert advice; and technical assistance for HLP rights, including, but not limited to, restitution.
Funding required
$2,000,000
Plan types

Objective
Strengthen preparedness and reduce disaster risk

$11,000,000
Funding required
905,000
People Targeted
16
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community, Refugee
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM will support the government, including national and local authorities, and selected CSOs and community leaders through multi-sectoral, area-based recovery that will support flood-affected populations in their recovery from the floods, build resilience against future disasters through disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation measures. All activities will be centred around a community level approach, using IOM’s community-based planning (CBP) methodology where IOM and its partners work closely with community members, community leaders, and local authorities in order to plan and prioritise interventions, and in the process fostering social cohesion.

Disaster prevention

IOM will support flood-affected populations in recovering from the floods and in building resilience in case of future disasters. IOM proposes a community-driven, multi-sectoral, area-based approach which focuses on recovery and resilience building in shelter and housing (including housing, land and property (HLP)), livelihoods, access to basic services, and community-based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA). The approach is centered around a community-based planning methodology which would cover disaster risk reduction (DRR) and community-based climate adaptation (CCA) strategies as well as recovery elements such as shelter interventions, livelihoods and rehabilitation of infrastructure and services.

The overall approach will have a triple focus inclusive of recovery, DRR and “community-based adaptation” to climate change, which will provide critical recovery assistance for flood-affected communities, climate adaptive solutions and activities as well as enhancing climate resilience through community level disaster risk reduction. This will include: 

  • Supporting the GoP to improve preparedness plans and coordination with humanitarian and other actors; 
  • Support the rehabilitation or construction of climate-resilient shelters; 
  • Recovery of lost or damaged livelihoods, 
  • Restoration of community level basic services through rehabilitation of community-based infrastructure;
  • Lead key community-based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) activities by prioritization quick impact project that contribute to DRR and climate change adaptations (CCA), especially related to the WASH , Shelter and livelihoods sectors. IOM leads DRR and CCA through building the capacity of local communities with DRR committees, through climate-resistant shelter, and through livelihoods support in the agriculture sector mainly, as it is most impacted by climate change.  

In addition, to build a programme on evidence-based programming, IOM will conduct tracking of climate-induced displacement and conduct research on the impact of Climate Change on Migration in Pakistan.
 

Funding required
$5,000,000
Plan types

Emergency preparedness

IOM will keep supporting government authorities and CSOs to build their capacities for disaster preparedness and response in line with humanitarian principles, focusing these strategies on IOM’s Shelter and WASH interventions as a priority. IOM will implement the following through a community-based disaster risk management approach (CBDRR):

  • Conduct assessments such as hazard vulnerability and risk assessments;
  • Extend assessments to border management operations, establishing strengths and gaps relating to operational capacity, protection, health, and considerations for vulnerable groups to be addressed or mitigated through Humanitarian Border Management Interventions;
  • Capacity-building of stakeholders and establishment of Community Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) to mobilize first responders where aid can be delayed in case of disaster;
  • Improved access to basic services, in particular, continued rehabilitation of water treatment facilities to sustain clean water provision in hazard-prone areas;
  • Continue developing contingency planning, with all stakeholders involved and in synergy with its other programmes, to be prepared to support affected households through multi-sectoral assistance, including emergency cash and NFI, social cohesion and access to services and referral for targeted assistance while mainstreaming protection;
  • Maintain operational capacities and procedures to rapidly intervene in case of displacements due to sudden disasters such as floods and earthquakes;
  • Support government preparedness capacities, including through interventions seeking to improve temporary evacuation capacities (physical infrastructure, equipment, and ‘soft’ components), anticipatory action, etc; and
  • Continue capacity-building of government counterparts and local actors, ensuring they lead on DRR, CCA, and emergency preparedness strategies with UN/INGOs support building on lessons learnt from past disaster responses in the country where IOM intervened.
Funding required
$4,000,000
Plan types

Water, sanitation and hygiene in preparedness and risk reduction

As part of the triple recovery approach, rehabilitation of local infrastructure and services are critical. As such, IOM will:

  • Implement Quick Impact Projects (QIP) such as the rehabilitation of water stations, water pipes, water networks, and boreholes where possible, using materials linked to renewable energy and/or green technologies to ensure climate adaptation, especially the installation of solar systems;
  • Conduct vulnerability and capacity assessments of water and sanitation systems and practices to assess the ability to meet essential needs in the event of a disaster and enhance access to climate-resilient WASH infrastructure and services such as adapting technologies to account for climate risks, exploring innovative, climate-smart technologies such as solar water pumps, exploring wastewater reuse/recycling, nutrient recovery, and energy production; and
  • Generally focus on infrastructure that provides access to clean and safe water as well as on setting up early warning systems and different trainings on topics such as Mass Evacuations in Natural Disasters (MEND) and Migrants in Countries in Crisis Initiatives (MICIC).
Funding required
$2,000,000
Plan types

Objective
Contribute to an Evidence Based and Efficient Crisis Response System

$6,500,000
Funding required
At risk communities
People Targeted
80
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community, Refugee
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM will maintain its capacities to collect humanitarian data, track temporary displaced, and migrant movements and produce high-quality reports benefitting humanitarian and non-humanitarian actors in Pakistan.  Data collected by IOM and related products will improve capacities of UN agencies, NGOs, sectors, technical working groups and government entities in providing better targeted, evidence-based response to IDPs and returnees in Pakistan.When possible, it will also scale-up its capacities. IOM will also 
•    Support research and assessments on needs in communities with high concentration of Afghan nationals and in communities with high number of displaced due to floods.
•    Collect information on vulnerabilities of affected groups and migration movements with neighbouring countries. 
 

Displacement tracking

IOM remains one of the main providers of reliable data on displacement in Pakistan. IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) tools and processes allow IOM and partners to track locations of temporarily displaced persons and those who have returned to their areas of origin, and assess their situation and needs in areas of displacement among others, providing the necessary information for emergency response, recovery and crisis prevention programming. IOM will continue to:

Funding required
$6,500,000
Plan types
Operational presence in

Pakistan

710
National staff and affiliated work force
7
IOM field office

 

Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.

With thanks to our current donors