IOM Pakistan strives to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity in Pakistan by supporting safe and dignified living conditions for people in situations of displacement due to disasters and conflict while supporting progress toward durable solutions and recovery by focusing on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation measures. IOM will continue to respond to crises when assistance is requested by the Government and will work with civil society actors to create conditions for economic recovery, stabilization, social cohesion, peacebuilding, and preparedness for large-scale natural hazards.
IOM will focus its humanitarian assistance on
IOM will also maintain its capacity to respond to sudden displacements caused by violence, instability, disasters, or any other cause.
IOM will assist highly vulnerable households in locations of displacement and in areas of origin with:
IOM will maintain its capacities for rapid intervention through:
IOM is co-leading the Shelter and NFI (S-NFI) sector. Although there is no stand-alone CCCM sector, IOM will provide CCCM technical coordination support through the established S-NFI sector coordination activities and mechanisms. IOM will actively support the coordination of the national and provincial S-NFI and CCCM response in liaison with the authorities, UN agencies, NGOs and other relevant actors to assure coherence in achieving common objectives, ensure efficient service delivery, inform decision-making, avoid gaps and overlaps in the response, as well as to coordinate the development of technical standards. IOM will:
• Support light interventions/repairs in displacement sites and areas of return, to ensure safer and dignified living conditions (e.g. minor drainage work or light infrastructure repairs). Implementation modalities might include cash for work;
• Coordinate technical working-group;
• Support PDMAs and stakeholders involved in CCCM with site planning expertise and with tools related to the monitoring of the level of services within sites, as well as reports on the level of services delivered against relevant standards set by the working group, guidelines and national standards;
• Deliver targeted CCCM trainings and/or capacity building exercises at provincial and/or district levels. General training sessions will include elements of introduction to CCCM, roles and responsibilities, participatory approach, minimum standards, services provision, camp life cycle, coordination and information management to stakeholders in order to fill the existing technical gaps.
• Ensure protection mainstreaming across CCCM interventions, and support CCCM stakeholders to understand the different concerns faced by different groups, specifically those most vulnerable (women, girls, persons with disabilities) in camps and camp-like settings.
IOM will support the provision of comprehensive health care services to Afghan nationals in Pakistan, migrants in Pakistan, and flood-affected populations through:
IOM seeks to address the needs and uphold the rights of migrants, survivors of trafficking, displaced persons, and populations affected by conflict and natural hazards, in both camps, informal sites, and out-of-camp locations by:
In addition, IOM will work closely with frontline workers and partners to reduce protection risks by:
IOM’s WASH interventions will support those affected by natural hazards, who are in displacement or who have returned, as well as local communities. IOM will focus on:
IOM’s Shelter/NFI interventions will support those affected by disasters, who are in displacement or have returned, and local communities. For shelter assistance, IOM will focus on:
IOM will ensure that target populations are supported in accessing safe, dignified long-term housing solutions to address their shelter needs in a manner that supports community inclusion and promotes social cohesion. For NFI assistance, IOM will focus on:
In addition, IOM will maintain the lead of the S/NFI working group and work with local and national partners on an adequate coverage of provinces and districts for emergency preparedness and response support in terms of shelter and NFI needs. It will also coordinate working groups and develop or adapt guidelines on technical issues, such as technical standards for S-NFI kits composition and shelter rehabilitation, and guidelines for the prevention of outbreak diseases in collective living spaces such as cholera and COVID-19.
Address the drivers and longer-term impacts of crises and displacement, supporting durable solutions and investing in crisis prevention
IOM will maintain and scale up its assistance to populations in displacement and those who have returned to affected areas to address key barriers to integration (in the case of Afghan nationals and flood-affected populations) and return (for flood-affected persons deciding to return) focusing on recovery, social cohesion, disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation. In collaboration with the government and partners, IOM will:
- Assist persons still displaced, whether, in camps, informal sites, or other out-of-camp settings, to better assess their situation and support safe and sustainable voluntary returns, or relocation, when the climate/natural environment is conducive;
- Support those who have returned and communities in areas of return to access basic services, livelihoods, WASH, health, shelter, and community infrastructure; and
- Contribute to the capacity-building of government authorities, civil society organizations and NGOs to facilitate community stabilization and social cohesion, and safely govern migration crises at borders.
IOM will enhance civic engagement, promote social cohesion and extend support for displaced households and communities. IOM provides tailored support for the remote and marginalized communities along the Afghan border, including support where poverty, illiteracy and unemployment are key drivers of instability and community tensions, as well as broader support for mediation and dispute resolution mechanisms.
To achieve these objectives, IOM will:
In situations where the right conditions for return are met, IOM will support returns and lay foundations for early recovery,
• By repairing existing WASH facilities affected by the floods, including disinfecting and rehabilitating boreholes or wells.
• IOM will conduct basic training with households to ensure operation and maintenance of water supply and sanitation infrastructure, to support sustainability of the interventions.
• IOM will also establish Cash-for-Work activities related to WASH, such as transportation and disposal of waste.
The focus of WASH assistance to enhance access to clean and safe water is the repair of WASH infrastructure and facilities that support recovery through a quick impact project (QIP) methodology. However, depending on the locations and needs, IOM may also provide support to meet emergency needs, including temporary measures to support the immediate WASH needs of displaced population. Interventions could include capacity-building of water authorities, reparation of boreholes, maintenance of water stations, etc.
IOM will address challenges related to housing, land and property (HLP) issues, including lost or destroyed official papers, houses being occupied by another household or general need for legal assistance, with the aim to remove barriers to return for flood-affected persons who have lost their house or had their house damaged. IOM will:
IOM will support the government, including national and local authorities, and selected CSOs and community leaders through multi-sectoral, area-based recovery that will support flood-affected populations in their recovery from the floods, build resilience against future disasters through disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation measures. All activities will be centred around a community level approach, using IOM’s community-based planning (CBP) methodology where IOM and its partners work closely with community members, community leaders, and local authorities in order to plan and prioritise interventions, and in the process fostering social cohesion.
IOM will support flood-affected populations in recovering from the floods and in building resilience in case of future disasters. IOM proposes a community-driven, multi-sectoral, area-based approach which focuses on recovery and resilience building in shelter and housing (including housing, land and property (HLP)), livelihoods, access to basic services, and community-based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA). The approach is centered around a community-based planning methodology which would cover disaster risk reduction (DRR) and community-based climate adaptation (CCA) strategies as well as recovery elements such as shelter interventions, livelihoods and rehabilitation of infrastructure and services.
The overall approach will have a triple focus inclusive of recovery, DRR and “community-based adaptation” to climate change, which will provide critical recovery assistance for flood-affected communities, climate adaptive solutions and activities as well as enhancing climate resilience through community level disaster risk reduction. This will include:
- Supporting the GoP to improve preparedness plans and coordination with humanitarian and other actors;
- Support the rehabilitation or construction of climate-resilient shelters;
- Recovery of lost or damaged livelihoods,
- Restoration of community level basic services through rehabilitation of community-based infrastructure;
- Lead key community-based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) activities by prioritization quick impact project that contribute to DRR and climate change adaptations (CCA), especially related to the WASH , Shelter and livelihoods sectors. IOM leads DRR and CCA through building the capacity of local communities with DRR committees, through climate-resistant shelter, and through livelihoods support in the agriculture sector mainly, as it is most impacted by climate change.
In addition, to build a programme on evidence-based programming, IOM will conduct tracking of climate-induced displacement and conduct research on the impact of Climate Change on Migration in Pakistan.
IOM will keep supporting government authorities and CSOs to build their capacities for disaster preparedness and response in line with humanitarian principles, focusing these strategies on IOM’s Shelter and WASH interventions as a priority. IOM will implement the following through a community-based disaster risk management approach (CBDRR):
As part of the triple recovery approach, rehabilitation of local infrastructure and services are critical. As such, IOM will:
IOM will maintain its capacities to collect humanitarian data, track temporary displaced, and migrant movements and produce high-quality reports benefitting humanitarian and non-humanitarian actors in Pakistan. Data collected by IOM and related products will improve capacities of UN agencies, NGOs, sectors, technical working groups and government entities in providing better targeted, evidence-based response to IDPs and returnees in Pakistan.When possible, it will also scale-up its capacities. IOM will also
• Support research and assessments on needs in communities with high concentration of Afghan nationals and in communities with high number of displaced due to floods.
• Collect information on vulnerabilities of affected groups and migration movements with neighbouring countries.
IOM remains one of the main providers of reliable data on displacement in Pakistan. IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) tools and processes allow IOM and partners to track locations of temporarily displaced persons and those who have returned to their areas of origin, and assess their situation and needs in areas of displacement among others, providing the necessary information for emergency response, recovery and crisis prevention programming. IOM will continue to:
The map used here is for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.Figures are as of 31 December 2022. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.