Lebanon Crisis Response Plan 2024

Last updated: January 19 2024
Funding required
People Targeted

IOM Vision

IOM aims to support and protect the most vulnerable individuals across Lebanon, including migrants, refugees, and local community members, against mounting humanitarian needs and socioeconomic hardship caused by multidimensional crises. To address the mobility dynamics of the multi-faceted crisis across the humanitarian-development-peace nexus, IOM will provide lifesaving support, build economic and community resilience against the loss of job opportunities and growing tensions, and seek to prevent and discourage unsafe and irregular migration. 

Key Operating Modalities
Participation and empowerment Integrated Programming Collaboration and partnership Localization Cash-based interventions
Cross-cutting priorities
Data and evidence Protection Mainstreaming Gender Equality Prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse Disaster Risk Climate Change

Objective 1 - Saving lives and protecting people on the move
Saving lives and protecting people on the move

Funding required
People Targeted
Entities Targeted
International migrant, Local population / community, Refugee
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Under this objective, IOM will provide humanitarian and protection assistance to the most vulnerable groups, including migrants, refugees, and Lebanese citizens, including health assistance, cash-based support (multi-purpose cash assistance and cash for winterization, protection, accommodation and health care), and case management and protection services for people in need, including for victims of exploitation and abuse. In doing so, IOM will work with a range of entities including primary health-care centres, hospitals, local municipalities, government ministries and agencies, and local  non-governmental organizations (NGOs). IOM will also conduct data collection activities, with a focus on migrants and irregular migration trends, to inform humanitarian programming in Lebanon. 

Basic needs, including food and multi-purpose cash assistance

IOM will provide basic assistance to severely vulnerable households, including migrants, refugees, and Lebanese. Activities will include: 

  • Providing winterization cash support.
  • Providing non-food items and in-kind assistance for displaced populations. 
  • Providing multipurpose cash assistance. 
Funding required
Plan types

Direct health support

IOM will support primary and secondary healthcare services, to improve access to health for vulnerable groups, particularly migrants. Activities will include: 

  • Delivering primary healthcare services including maternal and child health services, management of non-communicable diseases, nutrition and vaccination, through subsidized consultation fees, laboratory tests and diagnostic imaging.  
  • Covering secondary healthcare hospitalization fees of migrants. 
  • Providing transportation services for beneficiaries in remote areas to improve access to Primary Healthcare Centres (PHCCs), National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) centres and healthcare services. 
  • Supporting hospitalization and quarantine of tuberculosis (TB) cases. 
  • Providing diagnostics and medical support for suspected TB/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cases through support to the respective National Programmes.
  • Extending reach for TB and HIV programs through a network of field coordinators and community health workers who also provide awareness and health promotion on TB and other communicable diseases.
Funding required
Plan types


IOM will deliver protection assistance to vulnerable migrants, host populations, and refugees, reached through partner referrals and community outreach. Assistance will include those who have been subject to violence, exploitation, and abuse, including people facing GBV risks and GBV survivors, victims of human trafficking (VoT), as well as other vulnerable profiles. IOM will carry out GBV risk mitigation in line with IOM's Institutional Framework for Addressing GBV in Crises. IOM will also target returning migrants, including irregular migrants intercepted at sea and shipwreck survivors, and families of victims. People targeted will receive case management support and services either directly by IOM or via partners. Protection services will be tailored according to the needs identified. 

Activities will include the following by IOM and implementing partners: 

  • Providing appropriate case management and counselling to migrants in vulnerable situations in Lebanon, including migrants who have been subjected to violence, exploitation, and abuse as well as survivors of trafficking. 
  • Building capacity including via trainings in psychological first aid (PFA) for all humanitarian workers.
  • Providing individual and group counselling sessions as well as art, informal learning and recreational activities for crisis-affected people.
  • Providing follow-up care, including basic assistance, cash for protection, accommodation, health-care services, and legal assistance. 
  • Strengthening referral systems and the capacity of local service providers to ensure services are available, accessible and of quality. 
Funding required
Plan types

Humanitarian border management and services for citizens abroad

IOM provides capacity development to support the Lebanese government, the General Security Directorate (GSFD) and Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) Navy in border management, responding to irregular migration, and addressing transnational crimes, particularly trafficking in persons and the smuggling of migrants. IOM also works with the Ministry of Health to strengthen disease control and prevention at key points of entry. 

Activities will include: 

  • Strengthening national humanitarian border management and search and rescue capacities to help address transnational organized crime, including the smuggling of migrants, and ensure that migrants facing risks to life or safety at sea are rescued and offered protection and assistance. This support includes provision of equipment, technical assistance, and support to small-scale infrastructure.  

Funding required
Plan types

Emergency preparedness

IOM will support national search and rescue services and front-line responders. In addition, annual wildfires in Lebanon cause temporary displacement and significant damage to public infrastructure and private homes, as well as casualties. IOM will strengthen preparedness to respond to forest fires, particularly in the country’s northern region where local capacity is lacking and unable to respond effectively. Activities will include:  

  • Providing technical assistance, training, and equipment to strengthen search and rescue capacity. 
  • Supporting the Civil Defence to strengthen preparedness for multiple hazards, notably wildfires.
Funding required
Plan types

Displacement tracking

IOM Lebanon will conduct a series of research and data activities to improve knowledge of migration trends in Lebanon and monitor population changes more effectively over specified periods. Activities will include: 

  • Conducting Migrant Presence Monitoring (MPM).  
  • Contributing to Multisector Needs Assessments (MSNA).  
  • Conducting research on irregular migration drivers and trends to inform IOM programming.   
  • Conducting regular protection monitoring among migrant communities in Lebanon, in cooperation with the Migrant Sector NGO partners.
Funding required
Plan types
Cash for work beneficiaries in Qaroun, Bekaa. © IOM Lebanon 2023
Cash for work beneficiaries in Qaroun, Bekaa. © IOM Lebanon 2023

Objective 2 - Driving solutions to displacement
Driving solutions to displacement

Funding required
People Targeted
Entities Targeted
International migrant, Local population / community, Refugee
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Under this objective, IOM will target communities experiencing inter-communal tension and/or prone to irregular migration, with a focus on North Lebanon, Akkar, and the Beqaa Valley. IOM will deliver locally-centred interventions to promote community resilience and social cohesion, with a focus on livelihoods and cash for work activities, local governance, and improvement of local services and public infrastructure, as well as strengthen emergency response capacity in relation to disease surveillance, search and rescue, and disasters. In doing so, IOM will work with a range of entities including municipalities, local businesses, schools, clubs, government ministries, Social Development Centres, and primary health-care centres.

Community stabilization

IOM will implement projects to support local communities experiencing tensions and/or prone to irregular migration. This will be through community-based planning that promotes local collaboration and trust, while also enhancing community life, e.g., through improved public infrastructure, local services, or livelihood activities. In complement to providing direct mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) to migrants, IOM will intergate mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) throughout community stabilization activities to support social cohesion and strengthen resilience of individuals, families and communities. Activities will include:  

  • Initiating community-based planning activities within areas facing tension, by establishing/reviving local committees that promote cross-communal collaboration in pursuit of mutual agendas.  
  • Implementing community support projects to improve local facilities, public infrastructure, and services.  
  • Following inclusive programming, such as community dialogues, to ensure typically marginalized groups, such as women and youth, are represented.  
  • Providing capacity and coordination support to local authorities to build greater trust with local communities. 
  • Piloting a Matching Grant Mechanism, a community fundraising tool designed to promote horizontal and vertical trust.
Funding required
Plan types

Livelihoods and economic recovery

IOM aims to support and protect people’s livelihoods to reduce the socioeconomic drivers of irregular migration among Lebanese and Syrian refugee communities. IOM activities will provide vulnerable Syrian refugees and Lebanese with access to temporary employment and longer-term income-generating opportunities, in addition to improving employability and job retention. The activities will target vulnerable populations in Akkar, North Lebanon and the Bekaa. Activities will include:

  • Providing aspiring business owners with microfinancing grants and trainings to support business development.  
  • Providing grants to small and medium enterprises to boost local businesses and job creation.  
  • Providing vocational training designed to improve employability by enhancing technical and soft skills.  
  • Implementing cash-for-work activities, such as public work projects and infrastructure maintenance.  
Funding required
Plan types

Health system strengthening

IOM will continue efforts to strengthen the health system in Lebanon through the following activities: 

  • Providing support to the National Tuberculosis Programmes (NTP) by integrating TB services into public facilities and primary health care. 
  • Providing support to the National Referral Lab on TB. 
  • Using a community-based approach to find active TB cases.  
  • Developing a large-scale TB screening in prisons with the NTP.
  • Supporting thematic NGOs and community-based organizations (CBOs) related to the National AIDS Programme (NAP). 
  • Advocating and supporting the NAP and the NTP in transforming digital health information systems.  
  • Engaging with MoPH in a potential insurance scheme for migrants living in Lebanon. 
  • Providing migrants with follow-up care, accommodation, health-care services, psychosocial support (e.g. therapy, support groups), and legal assistance. 

As part of border health interventions, IOM will coordinate with the MoPH to develop public health emergency contingency plans to respond to suspected communicable diseases at the borders, in an overall objective to improve preparedness and risk reduction at the borders, in line with the 2005 International Health Regulations. In addition, IOM will enhance the resilience of Primary Healthcare Centres (PHCCs) to climate change and disease outbreaks such as cholera. Activities will include: 

  • Training of health and non-health staff at borders on border health and International Health Regulations (2005). 
  • Developing standard operating procedures and contingency plans at borders for public health threats. 
  • Procuring supplies, equipment, and diagnostic tests.  
  • Cultural sensitization training for primary health-care staff. 
  • Supporting the MoPH to develop the public health emergency response plan. 
  • Conducting symptom screening and awareness sessions for migrants at borders. 
  • Supporting a network of volunteers all over Lebanon in outreach activities to migrants and vulnerable communities, to raise awareness about different public health topics including but not limited to cholera, COVID-19, tuberculosis, and HIV. 
  • Supporting outbreak preparedness, building a stockpile of kits to distribute in emergencies. 
  • Enhancing the capacity of the PHCCs to respond to environmental crises, particularly those stemming from climate change. 
Funding required
Plan types

Adaptation and disaster risk reduction

IOM will strengthen relevant stakeholders’ capacity to reduce disaster risk through a multi-hazard approach that will identify hazards by improving relevant local and national capacities to respond to these dangers. Activities will include: 

  • Implementing training and education events. 
  • Conducting community-based vulnerability and capacity assessments and mapping. 
  • Providing infrastructure and equipment. 
Funding required
Plan types
Operational presence in


International staff and affiliated work force
National staff and affiliated work force
IOM field office

The map used here is for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Figures are as of 31 December 2023. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.