IOM, together with key stakeholders, including governmental and non-governmental actors, is committed to addressing immediate and long-term mobility-related challenges in Haiti by enhancing the capacities of national institutions to better manage their borders and regional migration dynamics, addressing the root causes of irregular migration, reducing forced movement and the vulnerability of affected and at-risk population, building resilience to identified risks and mainstreaming migration into the development agenda through policy and legislation.
(1) Protracted IDPs and those at risk of protracted displacement; (2) IDPs affected by natural hazards; (3) vulnerable host communities in areas of displacement and communities of return where services are inadequate or overstretched; (4) IDP returnees, facing severe conditions or affected by the growing gang activity of urban areas of Haiti; and (5) international vulnerable migrants in need of humanitarian assistance and access to basic services (health, psychological support, etc).
As co-lead of the shelter and displacement cluster, together with the Unit for the Construction of Housing and Public Buildings (UCLBP) and the Haitian DGPC, IOM will continue to support the reconstruction and rehabilitation of areas affected by the 14 August earthquake. IOM activities will include:
- Provide non-food items (NFI) including fixing kits, kitchen items, jerry cans, solar lamps to IDPs affected by the earthquake and gang violence;
- Conduct structural evaluations and support the reconstruction and rehabilitation of houses in collaboration with the GoH;
- Strengthen shelter and NFI cluster coordination and enhance support to cluster partners, ensuring an effective and coordinated response, both in serving beneficiaries and providing technical support to partner organizations;
- Conduct technically informed “Build Back Safer” communications campaigns to increase awareness of and demand for safer construction techniques, through highly visual, engaging and culturally relevant messaging;
- Conduct rapid on-site trainings to facilitate safe and durable community led-reconstruction techniques.
As co-lead of the camp coordination and camp management (CCCM) working group along with the UCLBP, IOM aims at providing efficient and timely support to the GoH in the coordination and management of IDPs sites, both resulting from the ongoing gang-clashes in metropolitan areas of Port-au-Prince, and those affected by disasters such as the 14 August earthquake in southern Haiti. Specifically, IOM will:
- Ensure the participation and representation of displaced communities through the support and set up of committees and groups, as well as providing access to information and feedback mechanism channels in camps and camp-like settings;
- Ensure a safe and dignified physical environment (through site maintenance and improvement activities) as well as advocate for sustainable and durable solutions for displaced populations;
- Assist and facilitate the relocation of displaced households, with special attention to the most vulnerable, through the provision of financial support for rental payments;
- Enable all vulnerable people in targeted sites to benefit from protection services, depending on their specific needs, such as psychosocial support and orientation and referral services to support reintegration into their neighbourhood of origin.
IOM provides life-saving primary health services, referral and health facility support, complementing mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) in the most vulnerable areas such as the border, in informal displacement sites, and in areas of return, by:
- Improving access to health-care services to vulnerable populations in isolated or underserved areas of return and informal IDP sites through the provision of primary health care consultations, access to medicines, referrals to and from higher levels of care, as well as provision of medical insurances and basic hygiene kits;
- Awareness raising on COVID-19 preventive measures and support to GoH vaccination plans through provision of logistics and transportation as well as conducting health promotion outreach activities in the most vulnerable and hard to reach areas;
- Providing medicines, medical supplies, and equipment to enhance the capacity of health staff to safely respond to incidents of gender-based violence (GBV) and make necessary and timely referrals to appropriate available services.
IOM will provide mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) with a focus on services which ensure a strengthened protective environment amongst the most vulnerable groups. All MHPSS activities will be in line with IOM's Manual on Community-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies and Displacement and will respect COVID-19 preventive measures (use of mask, hydro-alcoholic gel available, personal protective equipment (PPE), as appropriate). Interventions will include:
- Facilitating referrals and access to available services for repatriated migrants, internally displaced persons following gang-clashes in displaced sites in Port-au-Prince and those affected by the August 14 earthquake;
- Making IOM's 8840 hotline available to all people in need, providing remote psychosocial counselling and referrals to specialized and other MHPSS services, if required;
- Providing training and equipping MHPSS staff, including those operating the IOM 8840 hotline, to be able to safely and ethically respond to potential GBV cases and make necessary referrals to appropriate available services. Training will focus on data protection, and how to manage incident disclosure in case beneficiaries use IOM channels to disclose protection incidents;
- Providing focused MHPSS services (individual and group counselling).
IOM will provide relief and assistance to the most vulnerable migrants and displaced people, including individuals with chronic diseases and disabilities, the elderly, and pregnant women as part of IOM’s comprehensive protection assistance. Initiatives will include:
- Providing basic on and post-arrival protection assistance for repatriated migrants to reach their communities of origin;
- Facilitating access to documentation for Haitians living in migration-prone areas and vulnerable migrants;
- Providing specialized case management services at individual and household levels, including shelter, management, orientation, and referral of special cases such as GBV survivors, VoTs, people at risk of GBV and human trafficking and people in need of MHPSS;
- Providing training on detection and prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA), reporting and referral mechanism, and conducting awareness-raising activities on SEA and reporting mechanisms with the affected population;
- Raising awareness on trafficking in persons in the humanitarian context among at-risk communities and frontline service providers;
- Ensuring a robust approach to prevent and respond to SEA, including the reinforcement of the capacity of relevant actors to address and manage such cases and conducting awareness-raising activities on the subject;
- Enhancing the coordination among stakeholders through concrete actions to promote human rights;
- Ensuring that protection is mainstreamed in all of IOM’s interventions through training of staff on protection principles and the Institutional Framework for Addressing Gender-Based Violence in Crises (GBViC) (risk identification and mitigation), adapting interventions’ designs to better include the needs of vulnerable groups and mitigate the barriers and risks they face in accessing services;
- Building institutional and community capacity for the establishment of complaint mechanisms.
IOM will assist returnees, repatriated migrants with upon arrival assistance as well as IDPs, including persons with disabilities, currently in emergency shelters and in need of safe, voluntary and dignified movement assistance to leave the sites. Initiatives will include:
- Providing post-arrival assistance to Haitians repatriated by air, sea and land;
- Providing transportation and movement assistance to Haitians repatriated to reach their communities of origin to facilitate family reunification;
- Coordinating pre-departure and transit assistance, including medical fit to travel certifications with IOM country offices and partners in neighbouring countries, and providing reception assistance upon arrival;
- Providing counselling and MHPSS services to targeted beneficiaries upon arrival.
IOM will provide emergency assistance to returnees repatriated to Haiti by air, land, and sea, as well as to the most vulnerable people affected by the earthquake and those affected by gang violence. Activities will include:
- Providing emergency assistance to individuals affected by gang violence and earthquake through cash-based interventions to improve their basic needs integrated into various areas of IOM programming, such as CCCM, S-NFI, and protection;
- Providing rapid earning opportunities through cash for work and cash for repair programmes to unskilled and semi-skilled individuals, to promote the rehabilitation of houses and basic community infrastructures;
- Providing food and water to Haitian returnees repatriated by air and land or intercepted at sea.
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention
(1) Protracted IDPs requiring better/increased support for a safe and sustainable voluntary return; (2) deportees and communities in areas of return in need of basic services, livelihoods, safety and security; and (3) government authorities, civil society organizations and NGOs requiring capacity building and greater stability for the resumption of services.
IOM's initiatives to support the most vulnerable and foster community stabilization will include:
- Supporting relevant public institutions through measures to improve community safety and capacitating state and local governance, and promoting non-violent political processes, and social policy development;
- Promoting the inclusive access to and the provision of essential services to Haitians living in conflict-affected areas;
- Developing partnerships with the National Institute of Professional Training (INFP, in French) and the private sector for the development of tailored vocational training to foster the integration of vulnerable communities and migrant returnees;
- Increasing access to livelihoods in earthquake-affected areas in southern Haiti through cash-for-work programs such as rubble-removal, reconstruction, and so on.
IOM will contribute to the strengthening of Haitian health systems through:
- Supporting health facilities in crisis-affected areas and areas of return through rehabilitation and upgrades in health infrastructure, as well as the provision of critical operational medical supplies and equipment (i.e. personal protective equipment, telecommunication for referrals, and so on);
- Improving capacities of health facilities supported by IOM and partners, by working with the Ministry of Health to establish and implement standard operating procedures (SOP) for the screening and referral of migrants in need of health support, including GBV and COVID-19 assistance;
- Continuing to support the capacity of the Government of Haiti to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and, in close coordination with the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Ministry of Public Health (MSPP), provide technical and logistical support during the COVID vaccination campaign, as well as to ensure access to migrants.
IOM will contribute to peacebuilding efforts in the country by strengthening communities’ capacity to promote the peaceful resolution of conflicts and responding to threats that might lead to relapse into conflict or violence. Interventions will include:
- Implementing activities that promote peace within vulnerable communities in metropolitan areas affected by gang violence;
- Fostering political and economic transformation intended to reduce or mitigate conflict drivers through the creation of spaces for dialogue around migration and security between the Government of Haiti and neighbouring countries;
- Creating strong partnerships between the government, other UN agencies and humanitarian partners in the field of migration and security;
- Improving access to justice and peacebuilding capacities of local institutions and associations to mitigate risks of conflict;
- Prevent and respond to GBV and related issues at the border through capacity building activities for relevant authorities, the conduction of awareness campaigns and the reinforcement of partner’s capacity to assist vulnerable migrants in need.
Following IOM’s Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations (PRDS) Framework, IOM's durable solution programming will support the most vulnerable IDPs through:
- Supporting government and local authorities with capacity building interventions aimed at covering gaps in available basic social services for vulnerable returnees;
- Identifying of key economic sectors (e.g. agriculture, textile, fisheries, and so on) in migration-prone areas for the development and implementation of short-term training programs and income-generating activities that prevent vulnerable groups to resort to migration as a coping strategy;
- Promoting the engagement of the private sector in activities aiming at creating durable solutions for vulnerable IDPs through the establishment of cash-for-training/cash-for-work programs;
- Ensuring legal and physical access of displaced populations to local economic opportunities, enabling self-reliance and reducing dependency on aid.
(1) The Government of Haiti, including national and local authorities; (2) community leaders to better equip them to deal with disaster management to mitigate risks Haiti is facing, as well as (3) governmental and (4) non-governmental actors in their efforts to include and mainstream risk reduction and preparedness, and (5) communities living in disaster-prone areas.
Despite the efforts made to date by the sector, the most urgent shelter-NFI needs in a disaster situation remain partially unaddressed and the most vulnerable Haitian populations are still exposed to high risks. IOM’s initiatives to support the most vulnerable will include:
- Building community capacity for emergency alert systems and mapping, multisectoral assessment and management of evacuation shelters;
- Reinforcing the capacity of the General Directorate of Civil Protection (DGPC) to prepare and respond to a crisis through capacity building activities on warehousing management and distribution of NFIs;
- Pre-positioning of NFI contingency stock across IOM’s warehouses;
- Rehabilitating and building new evacuation shelters according to SPHERE standards;
- Building institutional and community capacity for the establishment of complaint mechanisms.
IOM’s disaster prevention activities will support the most vulnerable in order to prevent new risks and mitigate the impact of existing ones by:
- Mapping, conducting multisectoral and structural evaluations of public and private buildings used as emergency shelters, including those affected by the 14 August earthquake;
- Raising awareness among on safer construction systems such as Build Back Safer (BBS) principles;
- Conducting multi-hazard risk assessments, promoting community engagement and enhancing the local response through participative awareness-raising activities;
- Developing early warning mechanisms and risk information systems in consultation with affected populations and considering the needs of the most vulnerable;
- Developing and disseminating information, education and communication (IEC) materials to enhance the impact and increase the communication channels with the affected population;
- Training of relevant government institutions to develop national contingency plan;.
- Developing mitigation plan measures linked to climate change and displacement.
Activities to strengthen MHPSS systems include:
- Improving access to mental health services through the establishment of SOPs for mental health cases and clear referral pathways to specialized care;
- Strengthening the capacity of civil society and government partners in the field of MHPSS on psychological first aid (PFA) and basic MHPSS skills, as well as referral systems.
IOM's DTM data will benefit (1) relevant governmental authorities; (2) United Nations agencies; and (3) partners in the field, by providing information on the most vulnerable members of target Haitian communities, including INGOs, local NGOs, CSOs and so on.
In a context of high political instability and increasing social and economic insecurity, IOM aims to support the Government of Haiti in monitoring the migration flow (by land, sea and air) to ensure information gathering in order to profile and assess the needs of vulnerable migrants. In order to do so, IOM will:
- Continue with the deployment of Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) capacity at official and unofficial points of entry (PoE), and in remaining IDP sites and vulnerable neighbourhoods affected by the growing violence, where displacement situations have been occurring since September 2020. DTM data will allow the identification of protection and preparedness needs as part of an Atlantic basin pre-evacuation portal;
- Monitoring mobility trends and assessing the multi-sectoral needs of mobile and displaced populations through regular data collection (using the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)’s existing network and methodology) to ensure these are reflected in the overall response;
- Train governmental partners in data gathering to support the collection of information from vulnerable areas affected by the increasing violence, where access is not ensured for IOM staff;
- Produce regular information products (reports) on comprehensive, multi-sectoral data which highlights emergency and immediate needs to be addressed, as well as the need for reintegration opportunities;
- Determine and quantify the drivers for migration and displacement of the Haitian population through in-depth representative surveys.
IOM will continue to effectively manage and maintain NFI stockpiles, through a strong supply chain mechanism to provide goods and supplies to the most vulnerable people affected by natural hazards. Activities will include:
- Ensuring the prepositioning and replenishment of contingency non-food items (NFI) stockpiles in four IOM warehouses for the prompt delivery of goods in different areas of the country;
- Maintaining and strengthening the NFI pipeline to support the capacities of the GoH and the humanitarian community in the timely delivery of life-saving commodities and supplies to the affected people;
- Organizing transportation of goods by helicopter or boat to ensure timely transportation of NFIs from Port-au-Prince, where the largest NFI stock is held, to difficult-to-reach areas.
Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.