Ukraine Crisis Response Plan 2021 - 2023

Ukraine Crisis Response Plan 2021 - 2023

Last updated: December 15 2021
$81,170,000
Funding required
3,400,000
People in need
1,001,000
People Targeted

IOM Vision

The Strategic Approach of IOM Ukraine for 2020-2023 focuses on three priorities for ensuring an efficient crisis response, recovery, and long-term development while contributing to efforts to leave no one behind and to reach those furthest behind first. These priorities include: i) sustainable recovery of conflict-affected communities through multi-sectoral integrated programming; ii) strengthening communities’ resilience through inclusive dialogue initiatives; and iii) further advancing Ukrainian society through long-term and people-centred sustainable development initiatives. The Crisis Response Plan reflects these priorities throughout the proposed activities, which aim to respond to the needs of conflict-affected communities as well as to the drivers and impacts of crises and displacement in recovery, taking into consideration the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

UPDATE: The IOM Ukraine Crisis Response Plan is currently under revision. Please see the IOM Flash Appeal for Ukraine and Neighbouring Countries - Revised for the most up-to-date appeal.


Objective
Save lives and respond to needs through humanitarian assistance and protection

$27,270,000
Funding required
500,000
People Targeted
80
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Conflict-affected population residing in Eastern Conflict Area (ECA), prioritizing: elderly 60+; single-headed households (HH)/single-parent households with a focus on female HH; households with three or more children; low-income households; households including members with disabilities; households including members with chronic diseases; households whose houses were destroyed as a result of wildfires and armed actions; households with members of pre-pensionable age out of employment and households with family members who have experienced physical violence, exploitation, abuse, including suspected/confirmed cases of human trafficking; and COVID-19-affected communities at large.; social institutions and medical facilities located in ECA.

Shelter, settlements and non-food items

The impact of the conflict on individual households and social infrastructure and the recurrence of natural disasters are impacting communities’ capacity to uphold essential shelter and NFI standards at the household level, as much as within social/medical institutions. In line with the Shelter/NFI Cluster’s recommendations, IOM will:

  • Support access to basic household winterization items, to include, amongst others, winter-specific NFI kits, electric heaters and solid fuel, procured locally where possible;
  • Assist households affected by natural disasters in rehabilitating damaged houses, by providing construction kits and tools and cash assistance for rehabilitation services and technical support through information, education, and communication (IEC) materials and in-person guidance from engineers and/or architects; 
  • Conduct winterization rehabilitation works and provide in-kind assistance to social institutions and medical facilities with inpatients/residents to meet the basic needs of their patients/residents.
Funding required
$6,830,000
Plan types

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in emergencies

The protracted conflict has damaged critical WASH infrastructure and limited communities’ access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene services. The lack of maintenance has compromised the functionality of WASH facilities in many social and medical institutions. IOM will therefore:

  • In line with WASH Cluster recommendations, distribute hygiene kits  and culturally-appropriate items ( for example sanitary pads and underwear) among vulnerable households and medical/social institutions. Other items may also be included in accordance with community needs (such as diapers for children and adults).
  • Provide essential equipment for the rehabilitation, management and operation and maintenance of water supply networks damaged during the conflict, in coordination with main water suppliers. Moreover, IOM will ensure effective use of equipment by providing technical oversight of the rehabilitation.
  • Conduct rehabilitation works, such as replacement and/or repair of water supply elements, sewerage, and wastewater management systems, rehabilitation of sanitary structures with the installation of appropriate plumbing equipment, as well as repair or substitution of water containers and boilers in social institutions and key community sites.
  • Encourage behaviour change through awareness raising campaign(s) on improved hygiene behaviour and community engagement initiatives (in line with WASH cluster and World Health Organization recommendations). All distribution and hygiene promotion activities will follow national/country guidelines on COVID-19 preventive measures.
Funding required
$6,890,000
Plan types

Basic needs, including food

Many vulnerable households living in conflict-affected areas face food insecurity due to extremely high unemployment rates and insufficient social support mechanisms. For most of them, meagre retirement or long service pensions are the main, if not the only, source of household income. In line with the cash working group and the FSL Cluster recommendations, IOM will:

  • Support conflict-affected communities with multi-purpose cash transfers to address their basic needs and enable communities to access to essential services; 
  • Provide self-sustenance grants for the most vulnerable households to improve their food security and reduce overall dependency on aid.
Funding required
$7,750,000
Plan types

Protection

Global evidence demonstrates that vulnerabilities among various population groups are likely to increase during crisis time (such as the ongoing pandemic and conflict in Eastern Ukraine), and in the past Ukraine has witnessed this in relation to vulnerability to human trafficking, gender-based violence (GBV) and exploitation. The following activities will be conducted in consultation and collaboration with communities and ensuring meaningful participation of vulnerable groups especially women and girls, children, persons with disabilities, or any other group that might be more vulnerable:

  • Contribute to the mainstreaming of protection, accountability to affected populations, and do no harm principles across IOM interventions through training of IOM staff and enhancement of communicating with communities initiatives;
  • Implement an information campaign and distribute materials to address vaccination hesitancy to improve access to the COVID-19 vaccines and other vaccines for children against preventable diseases such as diphtheria, polio, tetanus, and so on;
  • Strengthen the access of vulnerable and marginalised communities to existing services.
Funding required
$1,000,000
Plan types

Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian response

In line with the IOM Manual on Community-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies and Displacement IOM will:

  • Run a MHPSS hotline ensuring seven days per week operations to provide remote counselling services and proceed with referrals if needed or upon request;
  • Strengthen existing referral mechanisms, ensuring coordination with protection/GBV and other relevant actors, to maximize available support capacities and heighten service standards. IOM will guarantee that international standards and human rights are respected when referring persons to mental health services and will therefore conduct e.g., the WHO Quality Rights Assessment before referring individuals to specialized medical institutions, particularly when referring to psychiatric clinics;
  • Establish multidisciplinary psychosocial mobile teams (PMTs) to assist individuals and communities in remote locations, by providing community-based socio-relational activities (such as sport and play, cultural and art-based activities). Members of the PMTs will be trained on how to respectfully and supportively engage with conflict-affected population and provide risk reporting and/or referral information in an ethical, safe, and confidential manner;
  • Launch awareness-raising campaigns on MHPSS to overcome the associated stigma and reach remote communities.
Funding required
$1,500,000
Plan types

Movement assistance

In order to meet various movement assistance needs of conflict-affected population residing in remote areas, IOM plans to provide movement assistance logistical support, including:

  • Enhance meaningful access to basic goods and services by contracting companies to provide movement assistance in a safe, dignified and voluntary manner;
  • Provide cash support to cover transportation costs for those seeking health care services and administrative services that were reallocated to other towns due to the decentralization reform.
Funding required
$200,000
Plan types

Humanitarian assistance to survivors of human rights violations

To address the needs of survivors of human rights violations, IOM will:

  • Continue providing direct assistance to survivors of human rights violations and abuses committed in the context of the ongoing armed conflict (GBV survivors, victims of human trafficking, exploitation, and abuse).
Funding required
$300,000
Plan types

Direct health support

To address urgent health needs, IOM will: 

  • Provide exit/entry check points (EECP) personnel with key training on infection prevention and control (IPC), detection, notification, management and referral of ill travellers, psychological first aid and other aspects highlighted through an ad hoc needs assessment conducted in coordination with the relevant state authorities;
  • Equip health care facilities (HCFs) and social institutions (SIs) and EECPs with stocks of COVID-19 PPE kits to avoid undue risks to staff and interruptions in the provision of essential health services;
  • Enhance capacity within HCFs located in NGCA to manage the COVID-19 pandemic by purchasing and delivering necessary equipment and consumables; 
  • Ensure target HCFs in NGCA are renovated and fully functional;
  • Support priority HCFs close to the Line of Contact in the GCA with medical equipment in coordination with the health cluster and to complement WHO interventions. Hospitals will be provided with necessary equipment, consumables for the proper implementation of preventive measures, and ensuring a full functioning in-patient department, for example, infectious diseases or intensive care. In addition, IOM will support hospitals with the necessary cleaning and disinfection equipment; along with medical waste management; for example, with the organization of properly managed sterilization rooms/departments (CSSDs). 
  • Support priority hospitals both on the GCA and the NGCA with beds and mattresses. Medical beds will be procured and delivered to the hospitals and units with the greatest needs, while mattresses will be procured to support hygiene and reduced infection risk in hospitals identified as priority.
Funding required
$2,800,000
Plan types

Objective
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention

$44,600,000
Funding required
700,000
People Targeted
50
Entities Targeted
Former combatant / fighter, Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Conflict-affected communities; communities that are exposed to regular natural hazards; communities in regions neighbouring Crimea; IDPs and their new communities; IDPs who returned to the NGCA; former combatants, their family members and communities; survivors of human rights violations and abuses committed in the context of the ongoing armed conflict; labour migrants, returnees and their dependents during COVID-19 pandemic; communities of return; other population groups including IDPs with diminished livelihoods; teenagers and young adults (14-35 years), prioritising IDPs, minority groups, persons with disabilities, orphans, from rural areas, from low-income families, skilled but unexperienced; government and local authorities; civil society organization (CSOs); and international stakeholders.

Restoring housing, land and property rights

As a result of protracted and/or multiple displacements, compounded by inefficient social services, returnee and displaced households often face challenges related to housing, land, and property (HLP), especially in relation to restitution and compensation. IOM will continue to:

  • Provide representation and legal counselling to returnee and displaced households through existing joint community-resource centres or other fora with a particular focus on HLP-related issues;
  • Provide individualized assistance, including through referrals to legal support, policy guidance, expert advice, and technical assistance for HLP rights;
  • Build the capacities of communities and CSOs, through the development of a community toolbox for the implementation of the HLP redress mechanism.
Funding required
$1,000,000
Plan types

Reparations

Government and community-level knowledge and capacities pertaining to reparations and related mechanisms continue to be relatively limited and not based on a strong underlying legal framework. IOM will continue to:

  • Support the government and local/international stakeholders to promote context-sensitive and gender-sensitive programmes and the transparent delivery of individual or collective reparations measures;
  • Support the local framework of administrative, legal, and logistical assistance for individuals applying for the governmental compensatory mechanism;
  • Raise awareness on reparation measures through targeted information campaigns, and community initiatives including truth-finding activities and inclusive dialogue sessions; 
  • Support Ukraine’s transitional justice agenda to strengthen the governmental property redress mechanism(s) benefitting returnees and IDPs at the household level;
  • Support local authorities in developing online reporting and monitoring tools, raising awareness on human rights and risk of abuses, and rehabilitating government/local administration managed shelters for GBV and conflict-related sexual violence survivors.
Funding required
$2,000,000
Plan types

Durable solutions

The lack of housing and long-term community support are frequently highlighted by IDP and returnee communities as the main barriers to safe and sustainable reintegration (through the National Monitoring System (NMS) survey and various field assessments carried out by IOM). In alignment with IOM’s Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations framework, IOM will continue to:

  • Provide a sustainable (environmentally, financially, socially), safe, and integrated mix of affordable and social housing solutions for IDPs, returnees, and their communities in seeking to move toward an adequate standard of living;
  • Boost local micro, small and medium enterprises generating employment for IDPs, returnees, and local community members benefitting from housing interventions in order to ensure sustainable livelihoods;
  • Introduce and promote sustainable housing management solutions in affected municipalities, by promoting inclusive and participatory governance among targeted communities.
Funding required
$20,000,000
Plan types

Mental health and psychosocial support: dialogue and social cohesion towards recovery and crisis prevention

Multiple exposures to distressing events due to conflict, overall human insecurity, and the COVID-19 pandemic are weakening the social fabric in already fragile communities. Building upon the platforms and referral mechanisms developed through its humanitarian response, IOM will continue to:

  • Build support capacities of youth to engage in MHPSS-related activities for elderly people living alone;
  • Provide MHPSS services through individual and group consultations, including, amongst others, art therapy, and the organization and facilitation of community-based sociorelational activities such as sports events or art-based and cultural activities, facilitated by setting up PMTs, supporting local MHPSS workers and MHPSS centers;
  • Enhance the resilience of the conflict-affected population through family-oriented MHPSS, including family retreats;
  • Conduct public information campaigns against mental health stigma.
Funding required
$3,000,000
Plan types

Health system strengthening

The ongoing crisis has further weakened the health system, resulting in limited capacity of the health system to address the needs of displaced communities. The main public health challenge in Ukraine is reducing non-communicable diseases (NCDs): heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease. NCDs are estimated to account for 86% of the country’s annual deaths. IOM will continue to:

  • Rehabilitate primary/secondary healthcare facilities to increase access to health care by individuals with restricted mobility;
  • Provide targeted health facilities with equipment for cardiology, ultrasound, mammography, haemodialysis, and so on;
  • Build the capacities of health professionals on infection prevention and control (IPC) best practices, referral mechanisms for MHPSS and GBV as well as between primary and secondary level health care including for COVID-19 cases, health promotion, and good health seeking behaviours;
  • Support health system leadership to respond to emerging challenges through capacity building on IPC, MHPSS, and similar in coordination with the Ministry of Health and in cooperation with skilled Ukrainian diaspora.
Funding required
$1,600,000
Plan types

Community stabilization

Key drivers of instability include economic insecurity, lack of inclusive governance, and social polarization induced by the protracted conflict and COVID-19-related uncertainties. To contribute to addressing these challenges, IOM will continue to:

  • “Engage, Connect and Empower” Youth to become leaders of change within their communities;
  • Measure the level and value of youth engagement with a help of youth engage indicators such as the Youth Engagement Index;
  • Provide evidence-base for the relevant government officials involved in the development of youth policies, through the youth research and surveys of youth and youth workers;
  • Increase access to livelihood and job opportunities through tailored grants (cash and in-kind) for home-based, small and medium-size businesses (targeting IDPs, returnees, and so on.);
  • Set up spaces to support distance learning and young start-ups (business incubators);
  • Provide technical support to key community and critical infrastructure to enhance its capacities to provide essential community services;
  • Strengthen local governance and increase trust through capacity building activities and technical support;
  • Enhance acceptance and tolerance and combat stigmatization through environmental protection as a unifying vector;
  • Conduct a survey among (potential) labour migrants from the conflict-affected areas to better understand drivers for migration, assess intention to migrate/return/stay, remittances dependence, savings/investment objectives of (potential) migrants;
  • Proceed with capacity building activities for local authorities to work with potential and returning migrants (linking to local job market opportunities etc.); and
  • Develop investment stimulating schemes for migrants and their households.
Funding required
$7,000,000
Plan types

Peacebuilding and peace preservation

To contribute towards the Government of Ukraine’s broad spectrum of peacebuilding efforts, IOM will work with government and community counterparts to:

  • Build the capacities of key relevant peace stakeholders (government officials and CSOs) through technical support on conflict resolution, human security, dialogue, advocacy, integration and social cohesion;
  • Provide evidence-base for the relevant government officials involved in the veterans’ reintegration processes, through the nationwide survey on socio-economic needs of veterans’ households;
  • Facilitate community-based conflict management (accounting for the role of women and women’s participation) and social cohesion activities with the goal of contributing to addressing the main obstacles to the social and economic integration of fragile groups;
  • Conduct tailored initiatives to enhance integration and reintegration processes and reconciliation of conflict-affected populations, in particular IDPs and former combatants/veterans, while improving their access to good governance, education, health (including MHPSS), justice, security, livelihoods, to safe water, sanitation and hygiene services.
Funding required
$7,000,000
Plan types

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in transitional and post-crisis situations

The protracted conflict has damaged critical WASH infrastructure and limited communities’ access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene services. The lack of maintenance has compromised the functionality of WASH facilities in many social and medical institutions, which in turn weakens the ability of communities to respond to their needs and endure future shocks. IOM will therefore continue to:

  • Support large WASH infrastructure upgrades to increase and stabilize safe, and sufficient long-term water supply to crisis-affected areas;
  • Strengthen WASH management systems through capacity building and establishment of WASH committees to ensure local ownership and long-term operation and maintenance of WASH infrastructure.
Funding required
$3,000,000
Plan types

Objective
Strengthen preparedness and reduce disaster risk

$7,100,000
Funding required
100,000
People Targeted
50
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Conflict-affected communities; communities affected or exposed to natural hazards and environmental degradation; and government authorities, local authorities, and civil society organization (CSOs).

Disaster prevention

The 2020 wildfires in eastern Ukraine, the annual floods in the west, the increased risk of droughts, together with the impact of the conflict, have highlighted the need to strengthen effective disaster prevention capacities, particularly at the local level. IOM will continue to:

  • Support local communities in hazard-prone areas in developing disaster preparedness and response plans, including community-based early warning mechanisms;
  • Support regional administrations in developing evidence-based disaster management plans, including multi-hazard risk assessments;
  • Conduct localized awareness-raising campaigns on disaster prevention, risk reduction, and emergency preparedness.
Funding required
$2,000,000
Plan types

Health components of preparedness and risk reduction

The lack of public funding, compounded by increased urban/rural divide further deepened by the impact of the conflict and the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the isolation of certain rural communities, with extremely limited access to basic health services. IOM will continue to:

  • Strengthen the logistical and technical capacities of the health facilities, staff, and community health workers in rural/isolated areas by conducting trainings on IPC, providing assets based on the needs of each health facility, digitalizing health records, and so forth;
  • Promote, support, and facilitate the inclusion of migrants in the national vaccination plan and campaign against COVID-19 through advocacy, dialogue with relevant governmental agencies, and similar activities;
  • Rehabilitate/modernize points of entry at all five EECPs offering easier access for elderly people, persons with disabilities and adults with children and ensuring dignified conditions for travelers waiting for entry/exit processing.
Funding required
$2,300,000
Plan types

Water, sanitation and hygiene in preparedness and risk reduction

The recurrent manmade and natural hazards consistently have a severe impact on WASH management systems. To address this, IOM will continue to:

  • Support relevant line agencies in establishing WASH indicators for periodic monitoring in line with IOM's WASH monitoring and evaluation framework, and the development of early warning and response mechanisms;
  • Provide back-up/emergency WASH infrastructure in water-scarce areas: reservoirs, deeper wells, mobile water storage facilities;
  • Provide IPC equipment (autoclaves, washing machines, dryers, bins, cleaning trolleys, etc.) to ensure improved hygiene standards to reduce risks of contamination and the transmission of communicable diseases at social and medical facilities;
  • Contribute to the strengthening of medical waste management and monitoring of waste management flow;
  • Establish strategically located contingency stocks of hygiene kits (including menstrual hygiene management (MHM) products) for distribution to beneficiaries, potable water (water tanks, bottled water, the mobile water storage facilities), and other relevant WASH items;
  • Provide, improve or upgrade WASH services and supplies at the EECPs along the Line of Contact (LoC) to ensure their capacity to implement IPC measures.
Funding required
$2,300,000
Plan types

System strengthening for mental health and psychosocial support

While MHPSS becomes an increasingly relevant service sought by those emotionally affected by the conflict, the COVID-19 pandemic and natural disasters, the country’s capacity to offer such services remains limited and specialized assistance is scarcely available, especially in remote locations. To address this IOM will continue to:

  • Build the capacities of national government entities and local authorities relevant to MHPSS-related processes, through technical assistance and exchange trips;
  • Support state actors to develop context-related MHPSS guidelines to ensure best practices and overall quality and standardization;
  • Strengthen the capacities of MHPSS professionals and other sector stakeholders, including family doctors through trainings conducted by local and international experts; and
  • Study the feasibility of and develop preventive strategies related to MHPSS in coordination with relevant government counterparts.
Funding required
$500,000
Plan types

Objective
Contribute to an Evidence Based and Efficient Crisis Response System

$2,200,000
Funding required
1,000
People Targeted
25
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Conflict-affected communities; communities affected or exposed to natural hazards; government authorities, local authorities, civil society organizations (CSOs); and humanitarian, development and peacebuilding actors.

Displacement tracking

To inform evidence-based programming by the government and humanitarian, development and peacebuilding actors, and through the collecting of sex-age-disability disaggregated data, IOM will:

  • Conduct National Monitoring System (NMS) on the Situation of Internally Displaced Persons surveys on the mobility and needs of displaced and mobile communities;
  • Pilot the localization of the NMS involving local youth as enumerators;
  • Pilot a baseline methodology to produce estimation of IDPs presence ;
  • Conduct stability index surveys adapted to the context and developed based on the country’s specificities to assess the level of stability in specific areas;
  • Support data collection, analysis, and mapping at the EECPs, within the POE global data collection exercise;
  • Conduct rapid and thematic assessments in response to changes in the operational environment, including the impact of COVID-19 on displaced populations and their mobility;
  • Support data exchange, validation, analysis events, and data sharing events.
Funding required
$2,000,000
Plan types

First line of defence

IOM has signed an MoU with the United Nations Division of Healthcare Management and Occupational Safety and Health (DHMOSH) to provide critical health services to eligible United Nations personnel, dependents, and other persons in need of care referred by the United Nations, as part of the ‘First Line of Defence (FLoD)’ for the COVID-19 response. IOM will provide the following services to the FLoD and IOM programme beneficiaries:

  • Conduct online consultations and remote monitoring for COVID-19 cases as well as non-COVID-19 chronic medical conditions;
  • Provide escalation of care, including home visits, for COVID-19 cases and non-COVID-19 high-risk group patients, along with the distribution of home care kits;
  • Implement in-clinic services such as general practice/primary care services, medical prescribing, MHPSS, basic radiology, and referrals to specialist consultations;
  • Provide COVID-19 vaccination activities for United Nations staff and dependents;
  • Undertake health promotion and education.
Funding required
$200,000
Plan types
Operational presence in

Ukraine

32
International staff and affiliated work force
346
National staff and affiliated work force
6
IOM field office

 

Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.

With thanks to our current donors