Madagascar Crisis Response Plan 2022

Last updated: March 28 2022
$15,900,000
Funding required
1,590,000
People in need
60,000
People Targeted

IOM Vision

IOM Madagascar strives to ensure that migration within, from and to Madagascar is a choice and not a necessity. The Organization works closely with the government to provide direct assistance to migrants, address issues forcing populations to migrate as well as reduce tensions arising in communities of destination. 


Objective
Save lives and respond to needs through humanitarian assistance and protection

$5,950,000
Funding required
22,900
People Targeted
10
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM will work together with the Malagasy government in the areas of Protection, Movement Assistance, and WASH, shelter and CCCM targeting the following groups and entities:

  • Internally displaced persons (IDPs) forcibly displaced because of disasters (including food insecurity);
  • Victims of trafficking and human smuggling and other vulnerable international migrants;
  • Stranded and returned migrant workers in vulnerable situations;
  • Governmental stakeholders in need of training to better assist different groups of vulnerable migrants;
  • General population which would benefit from awareness-raising activities.

 

Funding confirmed 11%
89% Funding gap

Protection

IOM Madagascar’s protection activities will seek to address the protection needs of crisis affected/at-risk populations, including vulnerable migrants, IDPs, victims of trafficking (VoT) and migrant smuggling by:

  • Building the capacity of relevant actors to screen, identify and refer victims of trafficking among the crisis-affected population.
  • Providing emergency protection assistance and referrals as needed to IDPs and vulnerable migrants that require first care, psychological support and social care;
  • Providing emergency assistance to VoT and vulnerable migrants and returnees in need in terms of transportation, shelter, as well as other basic needs such as clothing, meals and hygiene kits;
  • Supporting VoT and vulnerable migrant returnees in need with economic reintegration and empowerment through the provision of life-skills training and training in the management of income-generating activities;
  • Raising awareness for VoT, returnees, including those in camps or displaced from their communities of origin due to drought, cyclone or economic hardship, as well as the general public, about the dangers of trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling by installing roll-ups, projecting videos, displaying posters and spreading flyers in international airports and ports;
  • Creating hotlines for reporting of trafficking in persons, migrant smuggling, exploitation and GBV cases, managed by national counterparts (such as BNLTEH), which will be indicated in the awareness-raising materials;  
  • Building the capacities of law enforcement authorities, prosecutors, and judges on migrant smuggling, trafficking in persons and gender-based violence (GBV), and equipping them with analytical, rapid information sharing, interagency coordination and international cooperation tools for prevention of migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons;
  • Provide capacity building to humanitarian actors, such as local and international partners, and members of the Cluster System (Protection, Emergency Shelter, Health, Education, Food Security & Livelihoods, Nutrition, WASH, Communication and Community Engagement, Coordination & Common Services) on counter-trafficking and smuggling as well as emergency assistance.
Funding required
$2,500,000
Plan types

Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian response

IOM Madagascar will provide mental health and psychological support services to crisis affected populations, including through:

  • Provision of mental health and psychological support services to crisis affected individuals, including through group and individual therapy sessions with psychologists provided directly or via referral. 

  • Provision of MHPSS at community-/family level, including sociorelational activities, such as sport and play activities, creative and art-based activities, cultural activities and events, and so on.

Funding required
$300,000
Plan types

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in emergencies

IOM will deliver life-saving humanitarian WASH services to affected populations including through:

  • Conducting community dialogues and needs assessments to identify WASH needs; 
  • Providing WASH services to address identified needs, including, but not limited to the provision of safe water through water trucking, wells and/or boreholes, installation of latrines and hygiene promotion to prevent the spreading of diseases and upholding public health.
Funding required
$400,000
Plan types

Camp coordination and camp management

IOM will deliver life-saving humanitarian CCCM services to affected populations including through:

  • Providing camp management services at identified camp or camp-like settings, including collective centres;
  • Undertaking registration of displaced populations at displacement areas (camp or camp-like setting) to facilitate humanitarian actors to deliver assistance. The registration will also gather information on the vulnerability of IDPs;
  • Providing technical support and capacity building of local authorities on the management of displaced population and out of camp CCCM.
Funding required
$250,000
Funding confirmed
$590,591
Last updated: 02 Oct 2022
Plan types
100%
Funding confirmed
0%
Funding gap

Shelter, settlements and non-food items

IOM will support the immediate needs of the displaced populations through the provision of shelter assistance, but also address the needs towards transitional shelter solutions. Activities will include:

  • Undertaking of technical evaluations of structural damages of residential infrastructure, to assess the buildings: (1) in condition to receive the returns of the displaced population; (2) in need of minor rehabilitation before receiving returning households, and; (3) not in a condition to receive returning households in a safe manner and recommended for rebuilding or heavy works.
  • Construction of communal emergency shelters (hangars) as temporary shelter solutions to displaced populations who must vacate collective centres (schools, churches) while family transitional shelter solutions are under construction;
  • Provision of transitional shelter assistance to populations whose houses have been destroyed or damaged by the cyclone as a combination of cash and in-kind assistance and including potential site planning of relocation areas for the transitional shelters;
  • Provision of rental subsidy to the populations whose house have been destroyed. The subsidy will be provided for a duration of six months while they secure land and construct durable housing.
Funding required
$2,500,000
Funding confirmed
$109,409
Last updated: 02 Oct 2022
Plan types
4%
Funding confirmed
96%
Funding gap
Women return to Madagascar after being stranded in Saudi Arabia for close to nine months. © IOM 2020 / Daniel Silva Y Poveda
Women return to Madagascar after being stranded in Saudi Arabia for close to nine months. © IOM 2020 / Daniel Silva Y Poveda

Objective
Address the drivers and longer term impacts of crises and displacement through investments in recovery and crisis prevention

$6,800,000
Funding required
35,000
People Targeted
8
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM will support the Malagasy government by implementing activities in the areas of resilience including peacebuilding and peace preservation, and community stabilization, targeting:

  • Local communities in the regions characterized by migrant outflows, as well as in the regions of destination;
  • Internal migrants and internally displaced persons (IDPs);
  • Security and defence forces working in the regions affected by insecurity.

Peacebuilding and peace preservation

IOM Madagascar will implement peacebuilding activities to prevent and resolve tension and insecurity both by addressing these as drivers of displacement and by supporting sustainable peace between migrants and destination communities. Key interventions in this area will include:

  • Creating new and reinforcing existing women committees, consisting of migrant and local women, and building their capacities in conflict management, leadership, gender equality, advocacy, and environmental protection issues;
  • Providing support to law enforcement agencies by filling gaps in terms of infrastructure, equipment (transport, radios, office equipment, etc.) and building capacities in human rights and community policing to reinforce the protection of zones highly affected by criminal activities;
  • Promoting a relationship of trust and collaboration between local communities and law enforcement institutions in the regions affected by insecurity by conducting cultural and sports events and peace rituals.
Funding required
$1,800,000
Plan types

Community stabilization

To improve stability within communities most vulnerable to drought-induced migration, IOM will provide them with access to community-stabilization initiatives that promote and enable local adaptation and resilience by:

  • Addressing tensions over resources in the regions of Madagascar affected by migration influx through environment-related social cohesion activities and income-generating activities involving members of migrant and local communities;
  • Conducting community-based dialogues and planning processes in the communities most vulnerable to drought-induced migration to identify locally appropriate and viable local adaptation and resilience activities that can prevent, mitigate, and reduce the drivers of displacement and forced migration from these communities, such as construction or rehabilitation of key infrastructure;
  • Implementing the identified community stabilization activities with a focus on economic resilience and adaptation;
  • Building capacities of local authorities to support the provision of essential services and increase trust of their constituents.
Funding required
$5,000,000
Plan types

Objective
Strengthen preparedness and reduce disaster risk

$1,950,000
Funding required
2,000
People Targeted
9
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM will work in the areas of health components of preparedness and risk reduction, points of entry, and emergency preparedness, targeting:

  • International travellers and cross-border migrants;
  • The general population, which would benefit from the activities in preparation and response to epidemics, including COVID-19, plague and others;
  • Internal migrants and IDPs;
  • Victims of trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling;
  • Health and border management stakeholders.

Health components of preparedness and risk reduction

IOM will continue to assist the Government of Madagascar to prepare for seasonal outbreaks of plague, and contribute to efforts to control its spread along internal mobility corridors by:

  • Deploying population mobility mapping (PMM) tools at critical locations such as ports, airports, and bus stations in order to improve the understanding of human mobility dynamics in Madagascar and identifying priority communities and locations that may be vulnerable to public health risks, including plague outbreaks, to inform ongoing preparedness and response;
  • Deploying health screening points (HSP) at identified strategic locations, and providing training to health workers, law enforcement and other stakeholders on HSP management;
  • Developing and rolling out general and targeted awareness campaigns and community engagement activities to sensitize the population regarding preventive behaviours including health screening measures.
Funding required
$350,000
Plan types

Points of entry

IOM will build upon its efforts to promote the implementation of International Health Regulations (IHR) standards and improve the capacity of personnel at points of entry (PoE), while addressing existing challenges, by:

  • Supporting the revision, development and/or implementation of public health emergency response plans and standard operating procedures (SOP) for coordination and operations at points of entry (PoE) during public health and other emergencies, and supporting training and conducting simulation exercises on plans and procedures for border management stakeholders;
  • Supporting the government to implement IHR standards at PoEs, to prevent, detect and manage public health threats, including COVID-19, by supplying materials, equipment and technological systems and ensuring safe and adequate water supply based on the identified needs at the PoE;
  • Building the capacities of POE personnel and stakeholders to better respond to cross-border movements of crisis affected populations, including during health emergencies, including the provision of technology, equipment and materials, training on assessments, data collection and analysis, and capacity building on the screening, identification and referral of victims of trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling to state and non-state providers of medical, psychosocial care, shelter, food, clothing, and legal assistance.
Funding required
$1,300,000
Plan types

Emergency preparedness

To support preparedness efforts on future forced displacement caused by disasters such as drought and cyclones, IOM will support national and regional stakeholders with the skills, tools, and expertise to manage episodes of forced displacement in line with humanitarian response standards and principles by:

  • Training national and regional stakeholders on camp coordination and camp management (CCCM) including Sphere standards and principles, protection and GBV;
  • Supporting regional stakeholders in the setting up, management, and coordination of temporary displacement sites that enable provision of assistance services to internally displaced persons that meets humanitarian standards and principles;
  • Supporting a multi-stakeholder lessons-learned review on the practice of setting up, management, and coordination of displacement sites;
  • Providing on the job technical assistance to government and partners during displacement.
Funding required
$300,000
Plan types

Objective
Contribute to an Evidence Based and Efficient Crisis Response System

$1,200,000
Funding required
100
People Targeted
18
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

IOM will conduct Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities, including population mobility monitoring for health crises, internal mobility monitoring for crisis-affected populations, and regular rapid multi-sector assessments of locations where large numbers of IDPs or internal migrants are relocating, providing mobility-related data to:

  • Government counterparts;
  • UN agencies;
  • NGOs providing humanitarian and development support.

Displacement tracking

IOM will equip national and regional stakeholders with skills, tools, and expertise to collect primary sex-age-disability disaggregated data, monitor early warning signs of migration, track mobility and obtain key information on vulnerabilities and needs of internally displaced persons and other vulnerable populations in Madagascar by:

  • Contextualizing and rolling out DTM tools in the regions affected by migration flows;
  • Providing training to national and regional stakeholders on DTM tools management and national appropriation;
  • Conducting regular DTM data collection exercises and reporting to humanitarian and development stakeholders.
Funding required
$1,200,000
Plan types
Operational presence in

Madagascar

6
International staff and affiliated work force
14
National staff and affiliated work force
3
IOM field office

 

Figures are as of 31 December 2020. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.

With thanks to our current donors