Mozambique Crisis Response Plan 2023

Last updated: June 19 2023
$127,200,000
Funding required
1,060,000
People Targeted

IOM Vision

IOM collaborates closely with the Government of Mozambique and communities to address the drivers of conflict and displacement, strengthen the resilience of displaced persons and other affected populations, supporting progress towards durable solutions while ensuring critical humanitarian needs are met and rapid response capacities in the event of new disasters and crises are maintained. This simultaneous rather than sequential approach strengthens coherence between humanitarian, development and peace actions, and enables IOM to reduce overall vulnerability, strengthen risk management capacities and respond to critical needs while building resilience, addressing the root causes of the crisis, and supporting sustainable solutions.   

Objective 1 - Saving lives and protecting people on the move
Objective
Saving lives and protecting people on the move

$46,000,000
Funding required
800,000
People Targeted
4
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

 Target populations include internally displaced populations in host communities, temporary and relocation sites; host communities affected by insecurity and migrants  and people at risk of displacement due to conflict and natural hazards. Individuals with specific vulnerabilities, such as people living with disabilities and people at risk of GBV, are prioritized. Humanitarian assistance will be provided in-kind and through cash and vouchers, when applicable, to empower affected populations and stimulate local markets.

Funding confirmed 46%
54% Funding gap

Camp coordination and camp management

While conflict and cyclones continued to drive internal displacement in 2022, resulting in secondary displacement and increasing pressure on existing sites, there was a renewed focus on principled approaches and durable solutions with small-scale self-organised returns. With a continued need for camps, IOM aims to reach 478,296 individuals with camp coordination and camp management services through CCCM cluster coordination as well as direct management of IDP sites. 

In 2023, IOM will: 

  • Ensure core coordination mechanisms are in place and continue to adequately support the coordination of service providers, advocacy and information management; 
  • Continue the deployment of CCCM mobile and static teams and provide coordination support;
  • Facilitate CCCM operational planning and response by providing technical support and capacity-building interventions on site planning as well as CCCM core training to officials from the INGD;
  • Implement site development, care and maintenance with accessibility adaptations;
  • Conduct CCCM community engagement interventions, support/set up inclusive and representative governance structures, including women and people with disabilities committees, to enhance meaningful community engagement and ownership, and implement community engagement activities in displacement sites including complaint and feedback mechanisms, information campaigns and intention surveys;
  • Implement activities that promote the meaningful participation of women and girls in sites;
  • Develop and set minimum standards for camps and camp-like settings;
  • Act as the provider of last resort; 
  • Provide technical, coordination, and training support on GBV mainstreaming to IOM operations and CCCM clusters partners in the field; and
  • Support dialogue with affected populations, humanitarian agencies, local authorities and relevant government agencies on coordinated voluntary returns, reintegration and resettlement as part of durable solutions. 
Funding required
$5,572,210
Funding confirmed
$1,146,160
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
20%
Funding confirmed
80%
Funding gap

Direct health support

Health facilities in crisis-affected areas in Northern and Central Mozambique are under pressure due to increased demand for services and lack of resources and capacity to cope with the increased catchment population due to displacement. Especially in the areas receiving people displaced due to insecurity in Cabo Delgado, district health services have limited capacity and logistical resources to fully integrate newly displaced and resettled communities into their regular outreach services schedule. In addition, ongoing outbreaks including cholera and polio demonstrate the need to strengthen access to health services, both preventative and curative, including access to vaccinations (e.g. C19, polio, cholera)  through tailored approaches that target vulnerable migrants and internally displaced people, as they are on the move and can face additional barriers to access services, both preventative and curative. 

IOM will continue to:

  • Deploy and/or support integrated mobile brigades to deliver comprehensive primary health-care services and provide referrals to secondary care;
  • Conduct community-based outreach to identify individuals in need of health support and maintain/establish referral mechanisms;
  • Strengthen disease surveillance and prevention of outbreaks in the community through the training of existing community health structures in symptom screening, notification and referrals;
  • Raise awareness on COVID-19 prevention, good hygiene practices, tuberculosis (TB), HIV, sexual and reproductive health and rights and access to services;
  • Provide technical support, including: essential medicines, medical supplies and preposition equipment, in coordination with government and cluster partners; tailored health services, particularly around sexual and reproductive health and rights; HIV and TB prevention and treatment availability and accessibility; and
  • Support vaccination campaigns (cholera, measles, C-19, polio, others) by addressing rumours and misinformation about vaccinations, promoting acceptability and uptake among IDPs and migrants, and supporting the identification of vulnerable populations, IDPs and migrant communities to support microplanning and vaccine delivery.   
Funding required
$3,000,000
Funding confirmed
$437,523
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
14%
Funding confirmed
86%
Funding gap

Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian response

IOM will continue to assist people living in crisis-affected communities with the provision of MHPSS services. The individuals affected by distressing events such as multiple displacements, violence, and limited access to services will be targeted with MHPSS services integrated with protection interventions. This will include:

  • Conduct rapid assessment and mapping of services to identify the main protection and mental health needs and gaps in communities, which will be useful for all MHPSS Technical Working Group (TWG) members;
  • Continue co-chairing the MHPSS TWG together with UNICEF;
  • Deploy and train protection and MHPSS actors to conduct community-based activities and identify and refer persons in need of specialised MHPSS and protection services;
  • Implement community-based MHPSS and protection activities (e.g. creative and arts-based, play and sports activities, community outreach, awareness raising;
  • Provide counselling (individual, family and group counselling) and psychosocial support to crisis-affected persons;
  • Refer individuals affected by crises to specialized services such as specialized mental health services and protection;
  • Conduct capacity-development sessions on psychological first aid (PFA), psychosocial considerations in service provision, and a right-based approach in the provision of specialized mental health services;
  • Support government mobile brigades to provide MHPSS services for the hard-to-reach communities; and
  • Organize community outreach activities on root causes of community suffering   (mental health, effects of displacement on well-being of individuals and effects of violence on well-being, and violence against persons with special needs (e.g., persons with disabilities, including albinism, older adults).

All MHPSS activities will be designed and implemented in line with the IOM Manual on Community-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies and Displacement and coordinated with partners.

Funding required
$2,940,195
Funding confirmed
$859,106
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
29%
Funding confirmed
71%
Funding gap

Protection

IOM promotes access to protection services for affected populations in sites and urban settlements. Therefore, IOM ensures that any response is delivered according to needs, prioritizes safety and dignity, is grounded on participation and empowerment of local communities and ultimately holds humanitarian actors accountable vis–à-vis affected individuals and communities. Through its integrated approach targeting priority displacement sites and areas receiving new arrivals, IOM’s multi-sectorial approach will include protection, and MHPSS to respond to the needs of affected households and the most vulnerable individuals. This will include:

  • Deployment of integrated Protection-MHPSS teams to deliver services;   
  • Support vulnerable individuals with life-saving protection assistance including Individual Protection Assistance (in-kind) and referrals;  
  • Capacity strengthening through the deployment of emergency protection teams and provision of support to community-based protection structures through capacity-development, technical, material and transportation assistance;
  • Organization of awareness-raising activities on gender-based violence, grave violations and other forms of violence towards children, trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation and abuse and referral and reporting mechanisms concerning these issues to mitigate the GBV risks and to avoid doing harm in line with IOM’s Institutional Framework for Addressing Gender-Based Violence in Crises avoid doing harm in line with IOM’s;
  • Information dissemination activities, including door-to-door outreach and group sessions on existing services, referral mechanisms, and reporting structures; and
  • Strengthening the capacity of existing Reference Groups on Child Protection, Combating Trafficking in Persons and Irregular Migration and supporting the establishment of new ones.
Funding required
$2,940,195
Funding confirmed
$936,614
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
31%
Funding confirmed
69%
Funding gap

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in emergencies

IOM’s WASH interventions will aim at improving access to sufficient and safe water and sanitation services for insecurity-affected populations, as well as improving hygiene practices in displacement sites and host communities in northern Mozambique. IOM also strives to increase longer-term sustainability and to ensure reliable access to life-saving water and sanitation through rehabilitation and construction of water and sanitation facilities, hygiene promotion and water management capacity development in vulnerable communities. This will include:

  • Supporting access to safe water through rehabilitation/upgrading of water delivery systems in camps and out of camp locations using local technologies and when suitable sustainable solutions such as solarization of water pumps;
  • Supporting improved sanitation through rehabilitation/upgrade of latrines, and/or installation of new latrines, based on needs;
  • Introduction of faecal sludge management at the site level for decentralization of sanitation when suitable;
  • Engaging gender-equal male and female hygiene promotors to deliver hygiene promotion messaging, including risk communication and community engagement for COVID-19, acute watery diarrhea (AWD)/ cholera and other infectious / cholera / communicable diseases, in close coordination with the health programme team;     
  • Distribution of culturally appropriate hygiene kits inclusive of menstrual hygiene management (MHM) items;
  • Establishment of community-led WASH Committees to ensure ongoing operation and maintenance of WASH infrastructure;

All distribution and hygiene promotion activities will be implemented following national guidelines on COVID-19 preventive measures, such as physical distancing.

Funding required
$4,238,706
Funding confirmed
$1,835,155
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
43%
Funding confirmed
57%
Funding gap

Shelter and settlements

Displaced populations, including newly displaced and those in protracted and/or secondary displacement, and their host communities will receive shelter and non-food item (NFI) assistance adapted to their current status, needs and location. IOM will continue to support these populations by:     

  • Ensuring shelter/NFI responses are coordinated and effective through IOM’s role as the shelter/NFI cluster lead agency, strengthening cluster coordination and enhancing support to cluster partners;
  • Using DTM data and conducting assessments to identify needs and identify the most vulnerable households and individuals in need, including people with specific needs (women, children, elderly, people living with disabilities);
  • Providing appropriate shelter solutions, including emergency shelter, in-kind and cash support, including training or development of information, education and communication (IEC) materials on assembly techniques for emergency shelters, upgrades and repairs;
  • Procuring, prepositioning, and distributing non-food item kits containing essential household items coordinated with the shelter/NFI cluster and adapted to the needs identified and context for each region;
  • Maintaining a contingency stock of NFI items to rapidly respond to needs arising from sudden natural or man-made events;
  • Transporting and distributing shelter materials and tools as per the distribution plan and providing support to partners to access the IOM common pipeline materials.
Funding required
$15,308,694
Funding confirmed
$5,811,560
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
37%
Funding confirmed
63%
Funding gap

Points of entry

Points of entry (PoEs) are a key intervention space within the mobility continuum, highlighted as one component of a comprehensive immigration, border management and health response to promote safe cross-border mobility. IOM’s PoEs activities aim at strengthening border management through an integrated/coordinated approach incorporating human mobility and health security considerations in line with the International Health Regulations (2005).

IOM will implement interventions at PoEs, and at the central level, in close collaboration with the National Migration Service (SENAMI) and Ministry of Health (MISAU). Activities will include:

  • Build the capacities of border officials on border management, security documents, fraud detection, intelligence and risk analysis, trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling, protection of migrants in vulnerable situations and humanitarian border management;
  • Promote initial and continuous trainings of Immigration, Police, Prosecutors, Criminal Investigation and other border management stakeholders on working with migrants and promoting safe cross-border movements as well as data collection;
  • Strengthen the capacities of border officials on intercultural communication and languages such as English;
  • Train immigration officers on basic and advanced ICT to perform data collection and process passengers through Border Management Information Systems (BMIS);
  • Promote small-scale cross-border trade between border communities through the introduction of Mobile Border Pass solutions for selected border communities;
  • Support the United Nations Legal Identity Agenda to increase access to services and reduce risks of violence, abuse and exploitation, by promoting access to legal identity for migrants and persons in migrant-sending communities in Mozambique;
  • Support the construction/refurbishment and equipment of Border Crossing Points; 
  • Provision of mobile border crossing points (trucks) for border management stakeholders and health personnel to be deployed to the borders in areas in case of emergency;
  • Provision of training and material for border management stakeholders to conduct Search and Rescue (SAR) Operations in case of emergency or displacement;
  • Support the establishment of one-stop border posts as part of the key priorities of the SADC Protocol on the Free Movement of People and Goods; and
  • Support Mozambique's North Integrated Development Agency (ADIN) in the implementation of its Resilience and Development Strategy for the North (ERDIN), building trust between SENAMI and cross-border communities.
Funding required
$12,000,000
Plan types

Multi-sectoral support

Includes funding which supports multi-sectoral interventions or cannot be attributed to a specific activity area.
Funding confirmed
$10,315,963
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
Municipality of Montepuez, inauguration of newly constructed water system @IOM 2022
Municipality of Montepuez, inauguration of newly constructed water system @IOM 2022

Objective 2 - Driving solutions to displacement
Objective
Driving solutions to displacement

$62,700,000
Funding required
400,000
People Targeted
2
Entities Targeted
Former combatant / fighter, Internally displaced person, Local population / community, Refugee
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Target populations include internally displaced persons and affected communities, as well as communities at risk of displacement due to natural hazards and/or insecurity.  This pillar of intervention focuses on supporting sustainable recovery and includes a range of interventions spanning health, MHPSS, WASH, housing, land and livelihoods, through community-driven approaches which contribute to durable solutions and more peaceful societies. IOM further aims to build on the coping capacities of beneficiaries to strengthen the resilience of IDPs and other affected populations and at-risk communities, as well as implementing community-based activities to promote social cohesion in communities receiving former combatants.

Funding confirmed 39%
61% Funding gap

Community stabilization

Although the need for essential life-saving assistance remains widespread, IOM recognizes the need for simultaneous recovery and stabilization interventions, in line with the Triple Nexus approach. IOM aims to address the drivers of conflict and displacement and strengthen the resilience of communities to cope with human-made and natural shocks. IOM will seek to further provide evidence-based support to governments, states and communities undergoing significant socioeconomic and political changes during and following a crisis, to (re)establish stability and security, prevent further forced migration, restore trust among community members, vulnerable populations and local authorities and lay the foundations for durable solutions, lasting peace and sustainable development. Activities will include:

  • Conducting ongoing, flexible, adaptable information gathering to better understand conflict dynamics including recruitment and drivers; including working with the Displacement Tracking Matrix in the implementation of the Fragility, Stability and Mobility Index (also known as the Solutions Index in Mozambique). The Solution Index measures levels of stability in conflict-affected communities, supporting coherent interventions that link humanitarian, peace and recovery strategies, resources and operations.  
  • Building the capacity of a network of civil society organizations (CSOs) and supporting CSOs with small grants to conduct community-based activities. Supporting women, men and youth with capacity building designed to empower them as peacemakers and implement activities in their communities, including cultural activities that promote conflict mediation, reconciliation and community peace and security;
  • Empowering youth and supporting youth groups to lead civic engagement campaigns, dialogues and cultural activities that promote peace and social cohesion through IOM’s Youth Champion Initiative;
  • Engage at-risk youth in employment and income generation opportunities; and
  • Supporting tangible investments in communities that promote social cohesion including small infrastructure projects (community revitalization projects). Implementing community-based activities to promote social cohesion in communities receiving ex-combatants.
Funding required
$20,000,000
Funding confirmed
$5,307,605
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
26%
Funding confirmed
74%
Funding gap

Durable solutions

In line with the Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations (PRDS) Framework which IOM adopted in 2016, as well as the Secretary General’s Action Agenda to promote Solutions to Internal Displacement, IOM will continue to promote an evidence-based, inclusive, resilience-based approach in Mozambique and embrace mobility strategies that support progression towards resolving displacement, while ensuring safety nets are in place to avoid potentially harmful mobility strategies and supporting IDPs living in resettlement sites in the central area and northern Mozambique and affected communities through preventive and recovery measures using a holistic approach. This will include:

  • Fostering self-reliance among IDPs and affected communities by providing technical and labour support for durable housing;
  • Training households and craftsmen on safe and resilient construction practices, including on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR);
  • Raising awareness and knowledge of Build Back Better principles for long-term resilient communities and construction preparedness; 
  • Conducting infrastructure work such as clearing roads, drainage, streetlighting, wells, WASH services, market facilities, and so forth via cash-for-work initiatives;    
  • Revitalizing local economies towards longer-term solutions by facilitating inclusive access to livelihoods and employment, and linking needs with demands while re-building skills, assets and networks;
  • Capacity building to local governance structures to promote inclusive governance (especially for underrepresented groups such as women, youth and people with disabilities) and sustainable solutions for displacement;
  • Address housing land and property (HLP) concerns through the development of institutional capacity and awareness of HLP international laws and standards and advocacy for policy frameworks that enhance the protection of HLP rights; and
  • Provide technical support for settlement planning and preparation interventions to make communities more resilient towards hazards (for example, drainage and physical mitigation measures) and to foster an environment that is conducive to a peaceful, healthy and functional community life (adequate space allocations for public spaces and community infrastructures).
Funding required
$15,000,000
Funding confirmed
$16,466,948
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
100%
Funding confirmed
0%
Funding gap

Health system strengthening

Conflict and disaster have caused unprecedented damage to health infrastructure, and displacement due to the current security situation has exacerbated the strain on the current health and social systems. According to the Health Resources and Services Availability Monitoring System (HeRAMS) Update Report of November 2022, 26 per cent of 138 evaluated health facilities in Cabo Delgado remain out of operation. IOM’s intervention will aim to:

  • Strengthen the capacity of the public health authorities to deliver services in areas affected by insecurity and with a high concentration of IDPs and improve the health system’s capacity to detect public health events and disease outbreaks in communities through training of MOH and district health staff and the provision of technical support and equipment;
  • Support provincial and district health services to implement mobile outreach services to highly affected and hard-to-reach communities, with logistics support and technical assistance (IOM medical supervisor). 
  • Strengthen the community health system through training and capacity building of community health committees to improve disease prevention, health promotion and care-seeking practices.   
Funding required
$2,500,000
Plan types

Mental health and psychosocial support in transition and recovery

Insecurity, displacement and disasters can cause significant psychological and social suffering to affected populations, particularly in the medium to long term. As aligned with the multisector integrated approach towards more durable solutions, IOM will continue assisting people living in displacement sites and urban areas through individual and community-based support based on IOM's global expertise and local capacities. This will be done through an integrated MHPSS approach and include protective and preventive measures that seek to encourage social cohesion and conflict resolution within affected communities. Activities will include:

  • Conduct community-based assessments and focus group discussions to identify existing coping strategies of the community and meaningful activities for community members that can strengthen the solidarity between different groups;
  • Aligned with IOM’s broader efforts to contribute to peace, utilize a conflict-sensitive approach to understand the dynamics for conflict transformation and implement activities towards that; 
  • Provide counselling and psychoeducation to the individuals affected by the conflict and social tensions; 
  • IOM will also provide socio-relational activities for the communities to promote non-violent communication and empathetic behaviours that contribute to a secure and reassuring social environment, particularly in the long run;
  • Strengthen existing community networks such as women’s, youth and elderly groups and associations, handicrafts, sports and music groups and promote discussions about psychosocial problems and negative feelings in a more structured and non-stigmatizing way and encourage and promote activities that foster social cohesion;
  • Provide individual livelihood support based on individual needs to alleviate mental health and protection risks and support the healing process; and
  • Support community-based psychosocial support activities and protection / MHPSS actors through in-kind and technical support in the identified locations.
Funding required
$2,000,000
Plan types

Peacebuilding and peace preservation

IOM Mozambique’s Peacebuilding and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programme aims both to prevent and resolve tension and insecurity. It does so by addressing tensions and insecurity as drivers of displacement and by supporting sustainable peace and reintegration. Programmatic responses will focus on understanding the root causes and addressing the social, economic, resource, or political dynamics that drive insecurity and tension. Activities will include:   

  • Conduct community-based planning processes to empower communities, including vulnerable socio-economic groups and their leaders, to actively participate in development interventions and prioritize community investments;
  • Support existing informal community businesses to provide income (formal or informal) to other community members. Income incentives may be regular or irregular, depending on the context;
  • Improve civic engagement through education and investments in local structures and “know your rights” campaigns;
  • Support community radio in disseminating programming and messaging on resilience, social cohesion and prevention of violent extremism, while promoting positive community-government relationships;
  • Strengthen community conflict mediation and reconciliation mechanisms to be able to address old and new conflicts and stressors, including over access to services and natural resources;
  • Strengthen the ability of the Government of Mozambique for effective, early return to areas recently deemed accessible;
  • Support small-scale infrastructure projects prioritized by communities that incentivize peace and provide a direct, tangible benefit to communities, implemented by both local contractors and through cash for work;   
  • Continue supporting disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) activities in central Mozambique and support government actors in northern Mozambique in the development of a post-conflict/DDR policy; and
  • Support the Government in the development of policies, strategies and guidelines on peacebuilding and prevention of violent extremism (PVE).

IOM Mozambique Immigration & Border Governance Community Engagement and Policing Programme aims at addressing drivers of conflict by strengthening cooperation and trust between communities and authorities, specifically law enforcement. This is achieved by providing the following support:

  • Support to communities by increasing their understanding of the role and responsibilities of authorities, through dialogues, social and cultural events, and outreach activities;
  • Support the creation of Community Safety Councils (CSCs) community-based platforms for the prevention of conflict and for increased communications between communities and law enforcement;
  • Continue support to law enforcement in their capacity to be deployed in remote communities and hard-to-reach areas through equipment, vehicles, and infrastructures; and
  • Support with initial and continuous training activities of law enforcement to enhance capacities to engage positively with communities and displaced populations.

IOM Mozambique Immigration & Border Governance Community Engagement and Policing Programme aims at addressing drivers of conflict by strengthening cooperation and trust between communities and authorities, specifically law enforcement. This is achieved by providing the following support:

  • Support the communities by increasing their understanding of the role and responsibilities of authorities, through dialogues, social and cultural events, and outreach activities;
  • Support the creation of Community Safety Councils (CSCs) community-based platforms for the prevention of conflict and for increased communications between communities and law enforcement;
  • Continue support to law enforcement in their capacity to be deployed in remote communities and hard-to-reach areas through equipment, vehicles, and infrastructure; and
  • Support with initial and continuous training activities of law enforcement to enhance capacities to engage positively with communities and displaced populations.
     
Funding required
$18,000,000
Funding confirmed
$3,274,729
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
18%
Funding confirmed
82%
Funding gap

Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene in transitional and post-crisis situations

IOM’s WASH activities aim to implement resilient and durable solutions for safe water access, and sustainable sanitation while ensuring behavioural changes in hygiene practices within communities. This will include: 

  • Support sustainable access to safe water through rehabilitation/upgrade of existing water supply networks and/or installation of new infrastructure such as wells and/or rainwater harvesting, based on needs; 
  • Support sustainable sanitation through rehabilitation/upgrade of waste management systems and latrines and introduce new approaches to solid waste management; 
  • Engaging gender-equal male and female hygiene promotors to deliver hygiene promotion messaging, including risk communication and community engagement for COVID-19, AWD/cholera and other infectious/communicable diseases to promote behaviour change, in close coordination with the Health programme team; 
  • Establishment of community-led WASH Committees to ensure ongoing operation and maintenance of WASH infrastructure and overall to instruct towards an integrated an sustainable water management in the communities

Activities are designed to be in line with IOM's country programme 2021-2023 (pillar 3, focus area 7) and the reconstruction programmes of the government for Cabo Delgado, at the same time working closely with other IOM units to ensure holistic solutions.

Funding required
$5,200,000
Plan types

Objective
Strengthen preparedness and reduce disaster risk

$7,000,000
Funding required
450,000
People Targeted
2
Entities Targeted
Internally displaced person, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Target beneficiaries are internally displaced populations in resettlement and relocation sites, areas at risk and host communities affected by crises. The interventions strongly focus on communities at risk of displacement due to disasters or insecurity and will strongly involve community engagement to ensure people that may face particular risks of experiencing harm following a disaster, such as persons with disabilities, the elderly, and women and girls, and people with chronic conditions needing treatment, such as HIV and TB patients, are reached and included in the response.

Funding confirmed 7%
93% Funding gap

Disaster prevention

IOM Mozambique’s work on disaster risk reduction (DRR) will contribute to the government’s efforts to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. IOM’s DRR programmes will integrate mobility-based strategies in efforts to reduce disaster risk and strengthen resilience. Paying particular attention to at-risk communities, migrants, including displaced populations, and other vulnerable mobile groups, this programming aims to prevent or reduce displacement through support for prevention and mitigation, risk governance and information. Activities will include:

  • Conduct multi-hazard risk assessments in locations prone to be affected by disaster due to natural hazards to inform response and policy;
  • Map potential evacuation sites, access to services and physical access constraints across the Cabo Delgado and Nampula provinces;
  • Build capacity of the national and provincial government in tracking and analyzing internal displacement, in close coordination with the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme team;
  • Conduct trainings for members of affected communities on building back safer techniques to construct and maintain resilient temporary shelters in coordination with CCCM and Protection-MHPSS mobile teams;        
  • Investing in data collection to identify risks in all of its dimensions in communities at risk, the vulnerability of the communities, and the environment, in close coordination with DTM Programme team;
  • Provide trainings on disaster risk reduction (DRR) in line with Migrant in Countries in Crisis (MICIC) Guidelines and other internationally recognized standards, including on Guidelines to Protect Migrants in Countries Experiencing Conflict or Natural Disaster, to crisis-affected communities as part of CCCM and evacuation, shelter response and recovery programmes, mainstreaming protection principles and durable solutions;
  • Support the draft, review and update of local policies on disaster risk reduction/management and local climate change adaptation planning and strengthening the implementation capacity of local actors through the provision of trainings, equipment and tools;
  • Conduct research and actions related to Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and contribute to the generation of relevant science-based evidence and utilization of local knowledge to inform the government’s policies and programmes, and multi-sectoral programmes (i.e. food security-WASH-climate change, DTM-community stabilization) with other development partners including UN agencies and CSO partners. 
  • Conduct advocacy work for policies and research related to CCA in Mozambique;
  • Conduct consultations with communities vulnerable to climate risk to develop community action plans that identify localized climate adaptation strategies, and provide technical assistance to implement these plans;
  • Support at-risk communities and individuals with mainstreaming climate-smart, sustainable livelihood strategies, including through the set-up of community-based climate risk monitoring and early warning systems;
  • Conduct simulations trainings, evacuation drills and emergency response training to strengthen the capacities of the communities to timely act towards the warnings, with a focus on needs vulnerabilities, to ensure inclusive participation and preparedness;
  • Facilitate community-based disaster risk management processes and the development of community-based disaster management plans to enable communities to be better prepared to deal and cope with disasters. Communities will be trained on the development of community action plans and on Build Back Safer construction techniques to determine community resilience building needs; and
  • Help communities prepare for hazardous climate-related events through early warning systems and via community-based disaster risk management.
Funding required
$3,000,000
Funding confirmed
$540,410
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
18%
Funding confirmed
82%
Funding gap

Emergency preparedness

IOM aims to support the government and humanitarian partners to provide an effective operational response to ongoing and sudden-onset emergencies in Mozambique. Through the UN Country Team which includes the UN and NGOs, IOM supports collaborative responses conducted in close cooperation with the UN system and other organizations and with due respect for individual mandates and expertise. Its participation in the United Nations Consolidated Appeals Process, its lead role under the cluster approach in camp coordination and camp management in natural hazards, and the fact that it is a key partner in emergency shelter, logistics, health, protection and early recovery ensure that its activities are well coordinated. Activities will include:

  • Procurement, warehousing and prepositioning of shelter and non-food items through a common pipeline;
  • Capacity development of government institutions in conducting assessments and distributing emergency relief items;
  • Support the development of early action/contingency plans to maintain and strengthen readiness response capacities;
  • Conduct capacity-building exercises on Psychological First Aid (PFA), psychosocial considerations in preparedness and protection mainstreaming to ensure standards as established by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and the IOM Manual on Community-based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies and Displacement;
  • Strengthen disease surveillance systems for early warning and detection of outbreaks through capacity building support to the National Health Institute (INS), Ministry of Health, and through training existing community health structures in symptom screening, notification and referrals and data management;
  • Build the capacities of the Government of Mozambique and communities to prevent, detect and respond to health threats along the mobility continuum, including but not limited to borders (points of entry). This will include population mobility mapping exercises, undertaking PoE assessments to assess capacities in line with the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005), and providing support to integrate human mobility and health security aspects into border management in line with national policy, including trainings, development of response plans and standard operating procedures.
Funding required
$4,000,000
Plan types

Objective
Contribute to an evidence-based and efficient crisis response system

$11,500,000
Funding required
At risk communities
People Targeted
40
Entities Targeted
Internal migrant, Internally displaced person, International migrant, Local population / community
Primary target groups
Description of People and Entities Targeted

Institutions, particularly INGD, INE and ADIN, as well as crisis response partners, who will benefit from displacement data and other information management products to support evidence-based planning. 

Funding confirmed 7%
93% Funding gap

Displacement tracking

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Mozambique remains the leading humanitarian data provider to support response planning and identify priorities for different sectoral responses under Mozambique’s Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). Information on conditions and needs of affected communities and displacement trends as well as in-depth thematic assessments are key to addressing current Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) indicators and identifying priorities for the different sectoral responses. IOM DTM tools and processes allow IOM and partners to track locations of IDPs and returnees, assess their intentions and barriers to return, and give an overview of the severity of conditions in areas of return and displacement, providing the necessary information for emergency, recovery and crisis prevention programming DTM tools remain flexible to addressing informational needs relating to gender-responsive programming, climate change and adaption and durable solutions. In 2023, IOM will:

  • Conduct regular Mobility Tracking Assessments (including the Emergency Tracking Tool) to collect and disseminate relevant data on movement trends (such as displacements and returns), demographic profiles, locations, needs, vulnerabilities and response gaps;
  • Provide technical and operational support in IDP verification and digital registration efforts for the purposes of humanitarian response. Enhanced beneficiary verification and digital registration aim to contribute towards targeted humanitarian response for the most vulnerable crisis-affected communities;
  • Conduct regular Multi-sectoral Needs Assessments to gather data on access to basic services, multisectoral needs and gaps as well as detailed information on profiles of displaced populations in displacement site settings;
  • Implement thematic surveys (including Migration flow surveys, Multi-sectoral Needs Assessments, Disaster Risk Management Assessments), as well as social and demographic surveys. Thematic surveys aim to enrich and complement other DTM activities by providing a deeper understanding of mobile populations affected by conflict, natural disasters and climate change (e.g. IDPs, returnees, migrants);
  • Implement the Fragility, Stability and Mobility Index (also known as the Solutions Index in Mozambique) to identify and assess pockets of stability (through the assessment of conditions related to access to services and livelihood, social cohesion as well as perceptions of safety and security) and assess the conditions within pockets of stability across conflict and disaster-affected communities to support evidence-based programming in durable solutions. This tool will serve as a measure of stability in-affected communities, supporting coherent interventions that link humanitarian, peace and recovery strategies, resources and operations;
  • Conduct flow-monitoring at points of entry and population mobility analysis for disease outbreak preparedness and response and to monitor new movements; and
  • Support capacity strengthening of government institutions in data management approaches to displacement and climate change-induced migration, develop evidence-based approaches to displacement and migration in Mozambique and as reflected in the Global Compact for Migration and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
Funding required
$11,500,000
Funding confirmed
$814,415
Last updated: 12 Jan 2024
Plan types
7%
Funding confirmed
93%
Funding gap
Operational presence in

Mozambique

4
International staff and affiliated work force
299
National staff and affiliated work force
4
IOM field office

The map used here is for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Figures are as of 31 December 2023. For more details of IOM's operational capacity in country, please see the IOM Capacity section.

With thanks to our current donors